Emilia Janeczko, Robert Tomusiak, Małgorzata Woźnicka and Krzysztof Janeczko
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Objective: Forestry work is associated with intensive musculoskeletal stress. Physical exercise reduces musculoskeletal pain, especially for people with overweight. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a training intervention on the pain perception of overweight forestry workers. Methods: The intervention group (IG), split in an overweight (BMI (body mass index) ≥ 26 kg/m2) and a normal weight (BMI < 26 kg/m2) sample, did an occupational training intervention. The control group (CG) did no specific training program. The Nordic Questionnaire was used for ascertaining the perception of musculoskeletal pain. Results: The IG with overweight referenced a lower pain perception compared to the CG in all seven body regions. The differences in shoulder (p = 0.01, τ= 0.22) and lower back (p = 0.04, τ = 0.18) were significant. No differences could be found in the two groups with a BMI < 26 kg/m2. Conclusion: The results indicate that a specific training intervention has positive effects on the perception of pain for the workers with overweight.
Jan Czeczelewski, Barbara Długołęcka and Barbara Raczyńska
Intake of Calcium and Phosphorus and Levels of Bone Mineralization (BMC) and Mineral Bone Density (BMD) of Female Swimmers in the Pubescence Period
The objective of this study was to evaluate bone mineralization (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) of the osseous tissue in girls training swimming an being in the period of reaching the peak bone mass, as compared to girls being at a similar age and non-practicing sport, taking into account dietary allowances for calcium and phosphorus and dietary ratios of these elements.
Both the swimmers and their non-training colleagues were found to meet nutritional demands to the same extent and their diets did not differ in the intakes of energy nor nutrients (protein, calcium, phosphorus), which is incorrect in the case of the non-training girls. An alarmingly low intake of calcium at a, simultaneously, excessive intake of protein and phosphorus, as well as incorrect ratios between calcium and phosphorus and between calcium and protein observed especially in the case of the swimmers, might have an adverse effect on the mineralization of osseous tissue in the period of reaching peak bone mass.
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Agata Wawrzyniak, Jadwiga Hamułka, Małgorzata Drywień, Magdalena Górnicka, Jolanta Pierzynowska, Malwina Wojtaś, Małgorzata Gajewska, Joanna Frąckiewicz and Anna Gronowska-Senger
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