Ana Muñoz, Aritz Saitua, Mireya Becero, Cristina Riber, Katy Satué, Antonia Sánchez de Medina, David Argüelles and Cristina Castejón-Riber
symmetry with the sound forelimb in both timing and intensity of the electromyographic activation, reflecting an overall improvement in their functionality, which was not observed when animals were exercised on a land treadmill ( 16 ).
Up to now, the research carried out on horses with osteoarthritis has seemed to emphasise that exercise on a WT is a useful strategy to improve the functionality of the musculature of the affected limb, resulting in joint stabilisation and increased ROM. These results are very promising in sport horses because they can limit the need for
Alper Aslan, Yasar Salcı, Bilal Bicer, Nazan Savas and Nizami Duran
, Eddicks S, Schattke S, et al. Myocardial function in older male amateur marathon runners: assessment by tissue Doppler echocardiography, speckle tracking, and cardiac bio-markers. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Jul 1;22(7):803-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.echo.2009.04.009
7. Eijsvogels TM, Hoogerwerf MD, Maessen MF, Seeger JP, George KP, Hopman MT, et al. Predictors of cardiac troponin release after a marathon. J Sci Med Sport. 2015 Jan 1;18(1):88-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.12.002
8. Tian Y, Nie J, Huang C, George KP. The kinetics of highly sensitive cardiac troponin T
Roberto Tocci, Clara Sargentini, Andrea Martini, Luisa Andrenelli, Antonio Pezzati, Doria Benvenuti and Alessandro Giorgetti
Introduction: Foot quality is essential to the horse’s movement. The barefoot approach favours the animal’s welfare. Environment and selection determine hoof characteristics. Material and Methods: Hoof characteristics of eight Anglo-Arabian (AA) and nine Haflinger (HA) horses were studied. After a preliminary visual analysis of feet, nail samples were collected after trimming for physico-chemical analysis. The parameters were submitted to analysis of variance. A principal component analysis and a Pearson correlation were used to compare mineral contents. Results: The hooves of both breeds were healthy and solid. The hooves of HA horses were longer than those of AA horses (14.90 ±0.30 cm vs 13.10 ±0.60 cm), while the AA hoof was harder than the HA hoof both in the wall (74.55 ±2.95 H vs 60.18 ±2.67 H) and sole (67.00 ±5.87 H vs 43.0 ±4.76 H). In comparison with the sole, the AA hoof wall also had a lower moisture percentage (12.56 ±0.67% vs 20.64 ±0.76%), while crude protein and ash contents were similar in both regions. The AA hoof showed a higher Se content, while the HA hoof had a higher level of macroelements. The negative correlations of K with Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, and Zn in the AA hoof may indicate osmoregulation activity. Conclusion: The hoof morphology of AA and HA horses met the literature parameters for mesomorphic horses. Both breeds had healthy and well-conformed hooves, useful for sport and recreation activities.
Dana Bădău, Anca Bacârea, Ramona Natalia Ungur, Adela Bădău and Alina Mirela Martoma
of Transilvania Brasov. 2007;56-76:93.
12. Martoma AM, Tache S, Moldovan R, Chindriş AM, Decea N. L’influence de l’hypoxie hypobare sur la capacité d’effort physique chez les sportifs. Palestrica Milenium III ‒ Civilization and Sport,Volumul VIII, Nr. 2 (28), Iunie 2007:118‒22.
13. Giurgea N. Fiziologia efortului fizic. Casa Cărţii de Ştiinţă Cluj-Napoca, 2001:112.
14. Chapman, RF, Stray-Gundersen J, Levine, BD. Individual variation in response to altitude training. J Appl Physiol. 1998
Hanna Bis-Wencel, Krzysztof Lutnicki, Agnieszka Zofia Rowicka, Bożena Nowakowicz-Dębek and Monika Bryl
. Medycyna Wet 1990, 46, 452-453.
10. Szarska E.: Wykorzystanie badań diagnostycznych krwi do oceny stanu zdrowia i zaawansowania treningowego koni wyczynowych. Editor SGGW, Warszawa, 2002.
11. Szarska E.: Investigations of blood parameters for evaluating health status and training effects in race and sport horses (in Polish). Zesz Nauk AR Wroclaw, 471. Rozprawy CCIII. Editor AR Wroclaw, 2003.
12. Tyler C.M., Golland L.C., Evans D.L., Hodgson D.R., Rose R.J.: Haematological and biochemical responses to training and
Bogdan Janicki, Anna Kochowicz, Mateusz Buzała and Wiesław Krumrych
, 36 , 50-54.
19. Muñoz A., Riber C., Santisteban R., Rubio M.D., Agüera E.I., Castejõn F.M.: Cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations in horses competing in cross country events. J Vet Med Sci 1999, 61 , 13-20.
20. Nuberg K., Geringer de Oedenberg H.: The influence of training on the haematological parameters of sport horses. Acta Sci Pol Zootechnica 2007, 6 , 59-68.
21. Nuberg-Zuchowicz K., Geringer de Oedenburg H.: Changes in hematological parameters of show jumping horses during yearly training cycle. Med Weter
Katarzyna Strzelec, Witold Kędzierski, Andrzej Bereznowski, Iwona Janczarek, Krzysztof Bocian and Maciej Radosz
horses ( Equus caballus ). Anim Cogn 2010, 13 , 753-764.
18. Schmidt A., Aurich J., Möstl E., Muller J., Aurich C.: Changes in cortisol release and heart rate variability during the initial training of 3-year-old sport horses. Horm Behav 2010, 58 , 628-636.
19. Schmidt A., Biau S., Möstl E., Becker-Birck M., Morillon B., Aurich J., Faure J.M., Aurich C.: Changes in cortisol release and heart rate variability in sport horses during long distance-road transport. Domest Anim Endocrinol 2010, 38 , 179-189.
20. Strzelec K
Marcin Komosa, Stanisław Łazowski, Jan Włodarek, Karolina Kowalczyk, Anna Charuta and Maciej Zdun
., Frąckowiak H., Kobryńczuk F.: Navicular syndrome in sport horses as a result of the disorder of biological bone tissue turnover rhythm: a review. Biol Rhythm Res 2013, 44, 339-351.
13. Sandler E.A., Kawcak C.E., Mcilwraith C., Norrdin R.W.: Remodeling of the navicular bone in response to exercise - a controlled study. Proc AAEP 2000, 46, 46-50.
14. Sherlock C., Mair T., Blunden T.: Deep erosions of the palmar aspect of the navicular bone diagnosed by standing resonance imaging. Equine Vet J 2008, 40, 684-692.
15. Wright I
Standardbred trotters in Sweden. J Anim Breed Genet 1990, 107 , 135-148.
10. Pieszka M., Kulisa M., Łuszczyński J., Długosz B.: Biometric parameters of Arabian mares from Polish studs between 1945 and 2002. Biotechnol Anim Husbandry 2005, 21 , 89-91.
11. Pieszka M., Łuszczyński J., Baranowska A.: Frequency of limb injures between Thoroughbred and Arabian horses. Iran J Applied Anim Sci 2011, 1 , 69-71.
12. Pilarski W., Świeżyński K., Kobryń H., Kobryńczuk F., Radomski L.: Attempt to qualify the horse’s sport performance on
13. Khan K., McKay H., Kannus P., Bailey D., Wark J., Bennell K.: Physical activity and bone health. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 2001.
14. Komosa M., Moliński K., Godynicki S.: The variability of cranial morphology in modern horses. Zoolog Sci 2006, 23 , 289-298.
15. Komosa M., Purzyc H., Wojnar M., Frąckowiak H., Kobryńczuk F.: Navicular syndrome in sport horses as a result of the disorder of biological bone tissue turnover rhythm: a review. Biol Rhythm Res 2012, dx.doi.org/10.1080/09291016.2012.681850