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Low Level of Physical Activity in Two Roma Subgroups Compared to Non-Roma Population in Niraj Valley, Transylvania

Abstract

Objective: A low level of physical activity is a cardiovascular risk factor. Physical activity patterns may differ among different ethnic groups.

Aim of the study: Our aim was to evaluate the physical activity patterns of two different Roma populations compared to non-Roma.

Material and Methods: The study population included 231 Gabor Roma, 111 Băieși Roma, and 183 non-Roma. A 70-item questionnaire was administered, including also the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, evaluating daily physical activity in minutes and physical activity categories such as walking, gardening, household activity, and sports. Anthropometric parameters (weight, height, waist and hip circumference) were measured.

Results: The level of physical activity was the lowest among Gabor Roma and was lower in both Roma groups than in non-Roma (Gabor Roma 118.6 ± 91.1 min/day, Băieși Roma 207.55 ± 172.1 min/day, and non-Roma 234.12 ± 167.3 min/day). Both Roma groups had significantly lower percentages of gardening and sport activities compared to non-Roma. Women had a higher level of daily physical activity than men in the Gabor Roma population (144.22 ± 109.4 min/day vs. 79.71 ± 58.2 min/day, p = 0.001). In the two other groups the differences were not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Both Roma groups had significantly lower levels of daily physical activity, with differences between genders. Both Roma groups were lesser engaged in sports and gardening than non-Roma subjects.

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Outcomes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Treated with Arthroscopic Posteromedial Capsulotomy. Ann Sports Med Res. 2015;2:1013. 10. De Carlo MS, Sell KE. The effects of the number and frequency of physical therapy treatments on selected outcomes of treatment in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997;26:332-339. 11. Arden CL. Webster KE, Taylor NF, Feller JA. Return to sport following ACL-R surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the state of play. Br J Sports Med. 2011

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ACL Surgical Technique — Staying Out of Trouble

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Will Total Knee Replacement Ever Provide Normal Knee Function?

. Comparisons of kinematics and range of motion in high-flexion total knee arthroplasty: Cruciate retaining vs. Substituting designs. Knee Surg Sport Tr A . 2011;19:2016-2022. 33. Callahan CM, Drake BG, Heck DA, Dittus RS. Patient outcomes following tricompartmental total knee replacement. A meta-analysis. JAMA . 1994;271:1349-1357. 34. Parsley BS, Engh GA, Dwyer KA. Preoperative flexion. Does it influence postoperative flexion after posterior-cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty? Clin Orthop Relat Res . 1992;275:204-210. 35. Schurman DJ, Matityahu

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Single- or Double-Bundle Technique in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction — Current Concepts and Review of the Literature

Res. 2012;470:824-834. 13. Hemmerich A, van der Merwe W, Batterham M, Vaughan CL. Knee rotational laxity in a randomized comparison of single- versus doublebundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39:48-56. 14. Arnold MP, Lie DT, Verdonschot N, de Graaf R, Amis AA, van Kampen A. The remains of anterior cruciate ligament graft tension after cyclic knee motion. Am J Sport Med. 2005;33:536-542. 15. Loh JC, Fukuda Y, Tsuda E, Steadman RJ, Fu FH, Woo SL. Knee stability and graft function

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Obesity and Knee Arthroscopy – a Review

ACL reconstruction: evaluation of 456 cases from a prospective ACL database. Clin J Sport Med. 2005;15:9-13. 51. Lacy KW, Cracchiolo A, Yu S, Goitz H. Medial Femoral Condyle Cartilage Defect Biomechanics: Effect of Obesity, Defect Size, and Cartilage Thickness. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44:409-416. 52. Teichtahl AJ, Wluka AE, Wang Y, et al. Obesity and adiposity are associated with the rate of patella cartilage volume loss over 2 years in adults without knee osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009;68:909-913. 53. Blazek K

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