Hassan Shahgholi, Hassan Makarian, Behzad Shokati, Ghassem Hossein Talaei and Mohammad Reza Asgharipour
Cultural practices such as tillage used for crop production influence the composition of the weed seed bank in the soil. In order to investigate the effects of different tillage methods on seed bank properties, species diversity and similarity, two laboratory and greenhouse experiments were carried out as randomized complete block design with four replications in 2011. Treatments included: once tillage per year (T1), twice tillage per year (T2), more than twice tillage (T3) and no tillage (T4). Laboratory results showed that the T3 and T4 treatments had the highest and the lowest observed seeds numbers, respectively. Between the laboratory observed weed seeds, the maximum weed seed numbers were Echinochloa crus-galli and Amaranthus retroflexus in the T3 treatment, while Chenopodium album, Polygonum aviculare and Cuscuta campestris had the highest seed numbers in the T2 treatment. At the greenhouse study, Chenopodium album, Amaranthus retroflexus and Hordeum morinum in the T2 treatment were dominant species. The highest diversity was observed in the T2 treatment, and Chenopodium album and Echinochloa crus-galli were dominant species in the T2 and T3 treatments. Maximum species similarity index was achieved from the T1 and T3 treatments. Thereby this study concluded that increasing of tillage number could affect the similarity index of weed seeds and subsequently alters the weed community composition.
Elena Lozano, Fuensanta García-Orenes, Gema Bárcenas-Moreno, Patricia Jiménez-Pinilla, Jorge Mataix-Solera, Victoria Arcenegui, Alicia Morugán-Coronado and Jorge Mataix-Beneyto
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Jesús Rodrigo-Comino, Christine Brings, Thomas Iserloh, Markus C. Casper, Manuel Seeger, José M. Senciales, Eric C. Brevik, José D. Ruiz-Sinoga and Johannes B. Ries
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