genetic impoverishment on plant community diversity. Journal of Ecology 91, 721-733. FRIDLEY, J. D. and J. P. GRIME (2010): Community and ecosystem effects of intraspecific genetic diversity in grassland microcosms of varying speciesdiversity. Ecology 91, 2272-2283. GIBSON, D. J., A. J. ALLSTADT, S. G. BAER and M. GEISLER (2012): Effects of foundation species genotypic diversity on subordinate species richness in an assembling community. Oikos 121, 496-507. GREGORIUS, H.-R. (2010): Linking diversity and differentiation. Diversity 2, 370. GREGORIUS, H.-R. and F
rivers Tarim and Amu Darya. Forestry, 85, 193–202. doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpr056. Tleppaeva AM (2013): Speciesdiversity of jewel beetles (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) in floodplain habitats of the rivers of South-East Kazakhstan. KazNU Bulletin, Biology series, 57, 108–117. (in Russian) Treshkin SE (2011): Degradation of tugais in Central Asia and ways of their restoration: synopsis of the doctor of agricultural sciences. Volgograd, Russia. (in Russian) Vaisanen R, Bistrom O, Heliovaara K (1993): Sub-cortical Coleoptera in dead pines and spruces: is primeval species
, Cementa Heidelbergcement Group. (in Swedish) Bobbink R, Hornung M, Roelofs JGM (1998): The effects of air-borne nitrogen pollutants on speciesdiversity in natural and semi-natural European vegetation. Journal of Ecology, 86, 717-738. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.1998.8650717.x. Bobbink R, Hicks K, Galloway J, Spranger T, Alkemade R, Ashmore M, Bustamante M, Cinderby S, Davidson E, Dentener F, Emmett B, Erisman JW, Fenn M, Gilliam F, Nordin A, Pardo L, De Vries W (2010): Global assessment of nitrogen deposition effects on terrestrial plant diversity: a synthesis. Ecological
polyphenols and ethanol on the gut microbiota ecology and biochemical biomarkers. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 95, 1323–1334. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.027847. Renaud S, de Lorgeril M (1992): Wine, alcohol, platelets, and the French paradox for coronary heart disease. The Lancet, 339, 1523–1526. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(92)91277-F. Ritchie LE, Sturino JM, Carroll RJ, Rooney LW, Azcarate-Peril MA, Turner ND (2015): Polyphenol-rich sorghum brans alter colon microbiota and impact speciesdiversity and species richness after multiple bouts of dextran sodium sulfate
Angelis M., Antonielli L., Cardinali G., Cappelle S., Gobbetti M., The lactic acid bacteria and yeast microbiotas of 19 sourdoughs used for the manufacture or traditional/typical Italian breads: Interactions between ingredients and microbial speciesdiversity. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012a, 78, 1251–1264. 24. Minervini F., Lattanzi A., De Angelis M., Di Cagno R., Gobbetti M., Influence of artisan bakery- or laboratory-propagated sourdoughs on the diversity of lactic acid bacterium and yeast microbiotas. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012b, 78, 5328–5340. 25. Nionelli L
Hungarian) Tothmeresz B (1993): NuCoSA 1.0: Number cruncher for community studies and other ecological applications. Abstracta Botanica, 17, 283–287. Tothmeresz B (1995): Comparison of different methods for diversity ordering. Journal of Vegetation Science, 6, 283–290. doi: 10.2307/3236223. Wasde (2018): World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. https://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/wasde/latest.pdf . Accessed 21.01.2019 Whittaker RH (1972): Evolution and measurement of speciesdiversity. Taxon, 21, 213–251.
, Mohamed MOS, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Koedam N (2017): Involvement, knowledge and perception in a natural reserve under participatory management: Mida Creek, Kenya. Ocean and Coastal Management, 142, 28–36. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.03.009. Gilmour DA, Durst PB, Shono K (2007): Reaching con sensus. Gonçalves FMP, Goyder DJ (2016): A brief botanical survey into Kumbira forest, an isolated patch of Guineo-Congolian biome. PhytoKeys, 65, 1–14. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.65.8679. Gonçalves FMP, Revermann R, Gomes AL, Aidar MP, Finckh M, Jürgens N (2017): Tree speciesdiversity and
Loss of fish biodiversity, especially in the inland and coastal areas, is a major concern in sustainable fish production. Indiscriminate fish catch, climate change and many other anthropogenic activities synergistically affect fish biodiversity. To formulate a sustainable fish biodiversity conservation plan, fish biodiversity in the Andharmanik River, a 40-km-long Hilsa shad sanctuary in the southern part of Bangladesh, was assessed. The study was conducted to understand the status of fish species diversity through sampling in three sampling stations between December 2014 and November 2015. A total of 93 fish species were found belonging to 66 genera, 45 families and 14 orders. Perciformes (27.65%) was found to be the most dominant order, followed by Cypriniformes (20.21%), Siluriformes (21.28%) Clupeiformes (7.45%) Mastacembeliformes (4.26%) and Channiformes (4.26%). Out of the 93 fish species of the river, the percentage compositions of the vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered and not threatened were found to be 14%, 11%, 6% and 59%, respectively. Four population indices viz. Shannon-Wiener’s diversity index (H), Simpson’s dominance index (D), Simpson’s index of diversity (1-D) and Margalef’s index (d) were applied to demonstrate species diversity, richness and evenness of fish species in sampling areas, and the overall values of the indices were 2.70-3.51, 0.10-0.12, 0.88-0.90 and 7.84-8.19, respectively. The main threats to fish biodiversity were reviewed and the measures for fish biodiversity conservation of the river recommended. Indiscriminate fishing using biodiversity destructive gears, as well as losing hydrological and ecological connectivity with the surrounding habitats, were identified as major threats to biodiversity in the Andharmanik River. Effective sanctuary-based co-management, immediate actions for habitat enhancement to conserve and improve fish biodiversity in the river were recommended. Necessary steps to improve hydrological and ecological connectivity for habitat protection and elimination of all destructive fishing gears in order to conserve biodiversity in the Andharmanik River were also suggested.
Elsen T. 2000. Speciesdiversity as a task for organic agriculture in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 77: 101-109. DOI: 10.1016/s0167-8809(99)00096-1. Granatstein D., Andrews P., Groff A. 2014. Productivity, economics, and fruit and soil quality of weed management systems in commercial organic orchards in Washington State, USA. Organic Agriculture 4: 197-207. DOI: 10.1007/s13165-014-0068-0. Hald A.B. 1999. Weed vegetation (wild flora) of long established organic versus conventional cereal fields in Denmark. Annals of Applied Biology 134: 307-314. DOI: 10
-733. TURKINGTON, R. and L. W. AARSSEN (1984): Local-scale differentiation as a result of competition. In: DIRZO, R., SARUKHAN, J. (eds.). Perspectives in Plant Population Ecology. Sinauer Associates, Cambridge, Mass., pp. 107-127. VAVREK, M. C. (1998): Within-population genetic diversity of Taraxacum officinale (Asteraceae). Differential genotype response and effect on interspecific competition. Amer. J. Botany 85, 947-954. WEHENKEL, C., F. BERGMANN and H. R. GREGORIUS (2006): Is there a trade-off between speciesdiversity and genetic diversity in forest tree communities. Plant