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Species Diversity of Carp, Cyprinus Carpio (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae), Parasites in Some Cultivation Regions

Zoogeographical comparison for species diversity of carp parasites in different cultivation regions including aquatic ecosystems of Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Russia, and Vietnam was carried out. Totally, 160 parasitic species were recorded in carp within these regions. Parasitic species with direct and complex life cycles important in epizootic, veterinary, and health areas were registered.


The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of floristic geoelements and plant biodiversity in the macroregions of Transdanubia. The core data source used for the analysis was the database of the Hungarian Flora Mapping Programme. The analysed data were summarized in tables and distribution maps. The percentage of continental elements was higher in dry areas, whereas the proportion of circumboreal elements was higher in humid and rainy parts of Transdanubia. According to the climatic zones, the highest value of continental geoelement group occurred in the forest-steppe zone. The plant species diversity and geoelements were analysed also on a lower scale, with Transdanubia specified into five macroregions. The highest diversity values were found in the Transdanubian Mountain and West-Transdanubian regions because of the climatic, topographic, and habitat diversity.

. 1997. Soil seed banks in European grasslands: does land use affect regeneration perspectives? J. Appl. Ecol. 34: 1293-1310. Bobbink, R., Hornung, M., Roelofs, J. G. M. 1998. The effects of air-borne nitrogen pollutants on species diversity in natural and semi-natural European vegetation. J. Ecol. 86: 717-738. Brunet, J., Falkengren-Grerup, U., Rühling, Å., Tyler, G. 1997. Regional differences in floristic change in South Swedish oak forests as related to soil chemistry and land use. J. Veg. Sci. 8: 329-336. Brunet, J., von Oheimb, G. 1998. Migration of vascular

livestock grazing and human uses on herbaceous species diversity in oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forests, Guilan, Masal, northern Iran. Journal of Forestry Research , 25 (2): 455−462. E shaghi R ad , J., V aladi , G., Z argaran , M.R., 2017. Effects of man-made disturbances on understory plant richness of oak forests in Iran. Folia Oecologica , 44: 61–68. E temad , S., Z obeiry , M., N amiranian , M., G hahramany , L., 2014. Determine the most appropriate surface sampling method for estimating spiral tree diversity in the forests of northern Zagros. In


Wild bees (Apiformes) were studied in 4 crop fields and 8 refuge habitats for 2 - 5 years in agricultural landscapes in the Pleven and Plovdiv regions of Bulgaria. In total, 233 bee species were recorded. Bee forage plants visited by the honey bee and wild Apiformes are listed for each refuge habitat. Species composition is given for individual habitats, including fields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa), oilseed rape (Brassica napus), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), and radish (Raphanus sativus). Species richness and dominance structure of bee communities in the 2 regions are compared, and species responsible for significant differences are identified.

age and management intensity. - Annales Botanici Fennici, 48, 1-20. Meier, E., Paal, J., Liira, J., Jüriado, I. 2005. Influence of tree stand age and management on the species diversity in Estonian eutrophic alvar and boreo-nemoral Pinus sylvestris forests. - Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 20 (Supplement 6), 135-144. Myklestad, Å., Sætersdal, M. 2003. Effects of restoration and intensified land use on vascular plant species richness in traditionally managed hay meadows. - Annales Botanici Fennici, 40, 423-441. Paal, J. 1998. Rare and threatened plant

genetic impoverishment on plant community diversity. Journal of Ecology 91, 721-733. FRIDLEY, J. D. and J. P. GRIME (2010): Community and ecosystem effects of intraspecific genetic diversity in grassland microcosms of varying species diversity. Ecology 91, 2272-2283. GIBSON, D. J., A. J. ALLSTADT, S. G. BAER and M. GEISLER (2012): Effects of foundation species genotypic diversity on subordinate species richness in an assembling community. Oikos 121, 496-507. GREGORIUS, H.-R. (2010): Linking diversity and differentiation. Diversity 2, 370. GREGORIUS, H.-R. and F

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