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K. S. Stanislavski and the physical action

Abstract

We note that the physical action in the K. Stanislavski's system expresses the same meaning as the motor action in the field of Physic Education, consisting in accomplishing a task with the help of the skeletal muscles, mainly, of the physical exercise. We sense here, the link between the Stanislavski's system and the Physical Education, link that is achieved, mainly through physical exercise. And this is how, to the question “What is the first thing in the actor's work of preparing for a role?”, K. Stanislavski is in his right to assert, after a long experience of artist-researcher, that “the most appropriate and efficient procedure for preparing a role is the approach to the role with the help of physical exercise”.

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Individualized unsupervised exercise programs and chest physiotherapy in children with cystic fibrosis

Abstract

Traditionally, physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis focused mainly on airway clearance (clearing mucus from the lungs). This still makes up a large part of daily treatment, but the role of the physiotherapist in cystic fibrosis has expanded to include daily exercise, inhalation therapy, posture awareness and, for some, the management of urinary incontinence. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the necessity and the efficiency of various methods of chest physiotherapy and individualized unsupervised exercise program, in the improvement of body composition and physical performance. This study included 12 children with cystic fibrosis, with ages between 8-13 years. Each subject was evaluated in terms of body composition, effort capacity and lower body muscular performance, at the beginning of the study and after 12 months. The intervention consisted in classic respiratory clearance and physiotherapy techniques (5 times a week) and an individualized unsupervised exercise program (3 times a week). After 12 months we noticed a significant improvement of the measured parameters: body weight increased from 32.25±5.5 to 33.53±5.4 kg (p <0.001), skeletal muscle mass increased from a mean of 16.04±4.1 to 17.01±4.2 (p<0.001), the fitness score, increased from a mean of 71±3.8 points to73±3.8, (p<0.001) and power and force also registered positive evolutions (from 19.3±2.68 to 21.65±2.4 W/kg and respectively 19.68±2.689 to 20.81±2.98 N/kg). The association between physiotherapy procedures and an individualized (after a proper clinical assessment) unsupervised exercise program, proved to be an effective, relatively simple and accessible (regardless of social class) intervention.

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Dietary supplements and exercise capacity in professional rugby players

Abstract

Introduction: We started from the idea that the association of dietary supplements recommended by specialists and approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency with natural honey-based products, is beneficial for improving body composition and effort capacity in elite rugby players. The main purpose of this study was to determine the type of carbohydrates with the most beneficial effects for recovery and performance.

Materials and methods: The study lasted 30 days and included 30 rugby players from SCM Timisoara Saracens Rugby team. They were randomly divided into 2 groups: the study group who consumed dietary supplements based on apiculture and herbal products, along with classical nutritional supplements and the control group that only used classical supplements. With the help of the InBody 720 Body Composition Analyzer, we evaluated the body composition parameters, and the player’s ability to repeatedly perform high-intensity aerobic work was established with the intermittent Recovery Level 2 YO-YO test.

Results: The results show a significant increase in the average running distance in the fitness test for the study group (p = 0.021) and also for the control group (p = 0.008), with a considerable difference between the groups in terms of running distance (increase by 300 meters versus 208 meters in the control group) but without a significant difference between groups at the end of the study (p = 0.789). Improvements in body composition parameters were found in both groups, but significant differences between groups occurred only in terms of extracellular fluids/total body fluids ratio (p = 0.047) and extracellular water/total water ratio (p = 0.042). The study group showed a significant decrease in total body fat (p = 0.054) and visceral fat area (p = 0.002) and an increase in extracellular water (p = 0.013). The control group experienced a significant decrease in body fat and body fat percentage (p = 0.013 and p = 0.017 respectively), and increase in terms of skeletal muscle mass (p = 0.03), intracellular water (p = 0.03) and total water = 0.032).

Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the importance of the type and quality of nutritional supplements in professional athletes training.

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Preliminary data on low peripheral blood oxygen levels induced by physical effort

athletes: a review , Sports Med, 30, 1, 47-61. 4. Dempsey J.A., Wagner P.D. (1999). Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia , J. Appl. Physiol., 87, 1997-2006. 5. Fujii Y., Guo Y., Hussain S.N. (1998). Regulation of nitric oxide production in response to skeletal muscle activation , J. Appl. Physiol., 85, 6, 2330-2336. 6. Dusting G.J. (1996). Nitric oxide in coronary artery disease: roles in atherosclerosis, myocardial reperfusion and heart failure , EXS., 76, 33-55. 7. Lain D., Granger W., Boulder C. (2013). Oxygen saturation and heart rate

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Current threats on gene doping - a systematic review

References 1. Barton-Davis E.R., Shoturma D.I., Musaro A., Rosenthal N., Sweeney H.L. (1998). Viral mediated expression of insulin-like growth factor I blocks the aging-related loss of skeletal muscle function , Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 95:15603–15607, 2. McPherron A.C., Lawler A.M., Lee S.J. (1997). Regulation of skeletal muscle mass in mice by a new TGF-beta superfamily member , Nature, 387, 83–90. 3. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/olympics-genedoping-expert/ , accessed on 20th of September, 2018. 4. https

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Aspects regarding the use of drugs among athletes

. Metab., 13, 198-226. 27. Balsom P.D., Soderlund K., Sjodin B., et al. (1995). Skeletal muscle metabolism during short duration high-intensity exercise: influence of creatine supplementation , Acta Physiol. Scand., 154, 303-310. 28. Earnest C.P., Snell P.G., Rodriguez R., et al. (1995). The effect of creatine monohydrate ingestion on anaerobic power indices, muscular strength and body composition , Acta Physiol. Scand., 153, 207-209. 29. Vandebuerie F., et al. (1998). Effect of creatine loading on endurance capacity and sprint power in cyclists

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The potential role of omega-3 fatty acids supplements in increasing athletic performance

exercise on phospholipid fatty acid composition in skeletal muscle, Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab., 274, E432-E438. 38. Gopinath B., Buyken A.E., Flood V.M., et al. (2011) Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids, fish, and nuts and risk of inflammatory disease mortality , American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93, 1073-1079. 39. Huang J., Frohlich J., Ignaszewski A.P. (2011) The impact of dietary changes and dietary supplements in lipid profile , Canadian Journal of cardiology, 27, 488-505. 40. Sinnott R.A., Maddela R.L., Bae S., Best T

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T-Scan III System Diagnostic Tool for Digital Occlusal Analysis in Orthodontics – a Modern Approach

Abstract

Introduction: This systematic literature review was performed to establish the mechanism, methodology, characteristics, clinical application and opportunities of the T-Scan III System as a diagnostic tool for digital occlusal analysis in different fields of dentistry, precisely in orthodontics.

Methods: Searching of electronic databases, using MEDLINE and PubMed, hand searching of relevant key journals, and screening of reference lists of included studies with no language restriction was performed. Publications providing statistically examined data were included for systematic review. Results: Twenty potentially relevant Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) were identified. Only ten met the inclusion criteria. The literature demonstrates that using digital occlusal analysis with T-Scan III System in orthodontics has significant advantage with regard to the capability of measuring occlusal parameters in static positions and during dynamic of the mandible.

Conclusion: Within the scope of this systematic review, there is evidence to support that T-Scan system is rapid and accurate in identifying the distribution of the tooth contacts and it shows great promise as a clinical diagnostic screening device for occlusion and for improving the occlusion after various dental treatments. Additional clinical studies are required to advance the indication filed of this system. Importance of using digital occlusal T-Scan analysis in orthodontics deserves further investigation.

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in PRILOZI
Effects of Short Term Alendronate Administration on Bone Mineral Density in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

. Relationship between age, renal function and bone mineral density in the US population. Osteoporosis Int 2003; 14: 570-6. 13. Riggs BL, Melton LJ, Robb RA, Camp JJ, Atkinson EJ, McDaniel L et al. Population based study of age and sex differences in bone volumetric density, size, geometry, and structure at different skeletal sites. J Bone Miner Res 2004; 19(12): 1945-54. 14. Harris ST, Gertz BJ, Genant HK, Eyre DR, Survill TT, Ventura JN et al. The effect of short term treatment with alendronate on vertebral density and biochemical markers of bone remodeling in

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in PRILOZI
The Effects of Hormonal Therapy and Exercise on Bone Turnover in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomised Double-Blind Pilot Study

, Dennerstein L, Dudley EC, et al. A prospective study of bone loss in menopausal Australian-born women. Osteoporosis international: a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. 1998; 8: 282–90. 14. Mazzuoli G, Acca M, Pisani D, Diacinti D, Scarda A, Scarnecchia L, et al. Annual skeletal balance and metabolic bone marker changes in healthy early postmenopausal women: results of a prospective study. Bone. 2000; 26: 381–6. 15. Bischoff H, Stahelin HB, Vogt P

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in PRILOZI