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, bladder, skeletal muscle and skin. All fragments were fixed in 10 % neutral-buffered formalin, embedded in paraffin wax, sectioned (4 μm) and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (HE). After that the fragments were subjected to histopathological analysis with observation under a light microscope (model CX41RF, OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO.LTD., made in Philippines). For the evaluation of the results obtained, descriptive statistics was used to examine the association between parasitism and general health condition of the turtles. Nonparametric chi-square test and Yates correction
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 Petersen, E., Lebech, M., Jensen, L., Lind, P
Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease affecting mainly temperate regions; many cases were reported all over the world including Egypt. Trichinella spiralis ( T spiralis) has a complex life cycle where the adults reside in the small intestine while the encysted larvae in skeletal muscle cells within the same host. Trichinellosis can be associated with severe neurological, ocular, and cardiovascular complications and may end fatally. The treatment is a challenge for the physician. It is most effective when administered early in the course of
important factor of virulence. Fungal hyphae form an important skeletal component of BF, and experts speculate that fat milk will benefit formation of mixed C . albicans –bacteria BFs. However, no studies have reported the formation of mixed bacterial and fungal BFs.
Identification methods for mixed BFs
When infected with mixed bacteria, CVC is often used for bacterial culture and bacterial identification. Normally, three working days or longer are required for bacterial infection, including those of anaerobic bacteria. In this process, empirical antibiotic