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Hypokalemic periodic paralysis – the importance of patient education

Abstract

Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HOKPP) is a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by altered transport of cellular potassium that leads to significant muscle weakness of the extremities. Paralytic attacks are induced by a drop in the serum potassium level and they have been associated with specific triggers. This case describes a 21-year-old male who has had recurrent presentations of acute paralytic attacks following vigorous physical activity. At presentation, this patient exhibited flaccid paralysis of all skeletal muscles below the neck, but was alert and oriented with stable vital signs. The patient was found to have a potassium level of 2.1 mmol/L and an EKG demonstrating U waves (characteristic of hypokalemia). The patient was treated with potassium supplementation with resolution of symptoms. The mainstay of prevention of long term permanent muscle weakness is avoidance of triggers that can lead to hypokalemia. Through education on disease process and lifestyle modifications, we were able to end the cycle of recurrent hospital readmissions and the subsequent financial burden this generated for the patient and his family.

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Comparison of the Whole-Body Bone Scintigraphy with Levels of the Markers of Bone Metabolism in Serum of Patients with Malignant Melanoma

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Oxidative Damage to Proteins and Lipids During Ageing

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Possible impact of automotive industry on the health of working population

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Non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease – practices for clinicians

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Increased breathing resistance compromises the time course of rhythmical forearm movements—a pilot study

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Lipodystrophy HIV-related and FGF21: A new marker to follow the progression of lipodystrophy?

, fasting triglycerides, body mass index, and waist-to-hip ratio [ 27 ] . In a recent paper, it has been demonstrated that FGF-21 mRNA expression is increased in skeletal muscle in patients with HIV-related lipodystrophy and that FGF-21 mRNA expression in muscle is associated with decreased limb fat mass, increased waist-to-hip ratio, and increased triglycerides [ 28 ] . Another well-conducted study found highly significant correlation between FGF21 levels and indicators of altered fat distribution in lipodystrophy and a positive relationship between FGF21 levels and

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From Symptoms and Signs to Diagnosis in a Rare Disease, Type I Gaucher Disease

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Proliferating Myositis: An Inflammatory Lesion often Misdiagnosed as A Malignant Tumor

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Sarcopenia in diabetic nephropathy: a cross-sectional study

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