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Differential Diagnosis of Skeletal Class III

, Muelas L, Viñas MJ. Comparative study of nasopharyngeal soft-tissue characteristics in patients with Class III malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2011;139:242-251. 13. Jacobson A, Evans WG, Preston CB, Sadowsky PW. Mandibular prognathism. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 1974;66:140-171. 14. Saborn RT. Differences between the facial skeletal patterns of Class III malocclusion and normal occlusion. Angle Orthod, 1955;25:208-222. 15. Singh GD. Morphologic determinants in the etiology of class III malocclusions: a review. Clin Anat, 1999

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Skeletal Muscle Metastases and Inferior Vena Cava Involvement in a Patient with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma and Sarcomatoid Differentiation

REFERENCES 1. Togral G, Arıkan M, Gungor S. Rare skeletal muscle metastasis after radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: evaluation of two cases. J Surg Case Rep . 2014;2014(10):rju101. 2. Sountoulides P, Metaxa L, Cindolo L. Atypical presentations and rare metastatic sites of renal cell carcinoma: a review of case reports. J Med Case Reports . 2011;5:429. 3. Shuch B1, Bratslavsky G, Linehan WM, Srinivasan R. Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma: a comprehensive review of the biology and current treatment strategies. Oncologist . 2012

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Original Research. Correlation Between Cranial Base Morphology And Various Types Of Skeletal Anomalies

References 1. Gupta SK, Saxena P, Jain S, Jain D. Prevalence and distribution of selected developmental dental anomalies in an Indian population. J Oral Sci. 2011;53:231-238. 2. Mack KB, Phillips C, Jain N, Koroluk LD. Relationship between body mass index percentile and skeletal maturation and dental development in orthodontic patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2013;143:228-234. 3. Dorobăț V, Stanciu D. Ortodonție și ortopedie dento-facială. București: Editura Medicală, 2009; p. 153-438. 4

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Gender and Contractile Functions of Slow and Fast Skeletal Muscles in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Sprague Dawley Rats

References 1. Bourey RE, Koranyi L, James DE, Mueckler M, Permutt MA. Effects of altered glucose homeostasis on glucose transporter expression in skeletal muscle of the rat. J Clin Invest 86: 542-547, 1990. 2. Bernroider E, Brehm A, Krssak M et al. The role of intramyocellular lipids during hypoglycemia in patients with intensively treated type 1 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 5559-5565, 2005. 3. Russell ST, Rajani S, Dhadda RS, Tisdale MJ. Mechanism of induction of muscle protein loss by

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Treatment of Maxillary Retrusion-Face Mask with or without RPE?

References 1. Kapust AJ, Sinclair PM, Turley PK. Cephalometric effects of facemask/expansion therapy in Class III children: a comparison of three age groups. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 1998;113:204-212. 2. Baik HS. Clinical results of the maxillary protraction in Korean children. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 1995;108:583-592. 3. Baccetti T, McGill JS, Franchi L, McNamara JA Jr, Tollaro I. Skeletal effects of early treatment of Class III malocclusion with maxillary expansion and face-mask therapy. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 1998

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Soft Tissue Characteristics and Gender Dimorphism in Class III Malocclusion: a Cephalometric Study in Adult Greeks

: Quintessence Publ. Inc.; 1994. p. 11-24. 7. Dann C, Phillips C, Broder HL, Tulloch JF. Self-concept, Class II malocclusion and early treatment. Angle Orthod, 1995;65:411-416. 8. Rak D. Cephalometric analysis in cases with Class III malocclusions. Stomatol Glas Srb, 1989;36:277-287. 9. Kajikawa Y. Changes in soft tissue profile after surgical correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion. J Oral Surg, 1979;37:167-174. 10. Profitt WR. Contemporary orthodontics. Mosby: St Louis; 2000

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Age–Related Differences in Body Composition in Egyptian Obese Females

, Bosaeus I. Comparison of bioelectrical impedance prediction equations for fat-free mass in a population-based sample of 75 y olds: the Nora study. Nutrition. 2003;19(10): 858-64. 7. Kyle UG, Genton L, Hans D, Karsegard L, Slosman DO, Pichard C. Age-related differences in fat-free mass, skeletal muscle, body cell mass and fat mass between 18 and 94 years.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001;55:663-72. 8. Obisesan TO, Aliyu MH, Bond V, Adams RG, Akomolafe A, Rotimi CN. Ethnic and age-related fat free mass loss in older Americans: the Third National Health

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Study of Craniofacial Relations and Facial Types in Greek Population with Normal Occlusion

conscripts. Svensktandlakare-Tidskriff , 1947; 40:1-180. 7. Downs WB . The Role of Cephalometrics in Orthodontic Case Analysis and Diagnosis. Am J Orthod , 1952; 38(3):162-182. 8. Coben SE . The Investigation of Facial Skeletal Variants. A serial cephalometric roentgenographic analysis of craniofacial form and growths. Am J Orthod , 1955; 41(6):407-434. 9. Sassouni V . Roentgenographic Cephalometric Analysis of Cephalo-facial Dental Relationships. Am J Orthod , 1955; 41:735-764. 10. Steiner C . Cephalometrics in Clinical Practice. Angle

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The Hyperimmunoglobulinemia E Syndromes: A Literature Review


The hyper-immunoglobulin E (IgE) syndromes (HIES) are primary immunodeficiencies characterized by the recurrent staphylococcal abscesses, recurrent pneumonia and highly elevated serum IgE levels. There are two forms of HIES: a dominant form (AD-HIES) and a recessive form (AR-HIES). AD form of HIES is caused by mutations in STAT3 and the AR form is caused by mutations in DOCK8 and TYK2. These syndromes have different clinical presentations and outcomes. AD-HIES is a multisystem disorder that includes abnormalities of the skin, lungs, musculo-skeletal system and dental system. In contrast, these symptoms in patients with AR-HIES are missing. AR-HIES patients have severe viral infections and may develop neurological complications. This review article discusses the clinical presentation and laboratory findings in both forms of HIES, as well as the establishment of diagnose, inheritance, molecular genetics and immunological abnormalities of HIES.

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Differences in Pharyngeal Characteristics According to Angle Class of Malocclusion

in children: a clinical, cephalometric, and MRI study. Angle Orthod , 2011; 81:433-439. 7. Lowe AA, Ono T, Ferguson KA, Pae EK, Ryan CF, Fleetham JA . Cephalometric comparisons of craniofacial and upper airway structure by skeletal subtype and gender in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop , 1996; 110:653-664. 8. Tangugsorn V, Skatvedt O, Krogstad O, Lyderg T . Obstructive sleep apnea: a cephalometric study. Part I. Cervico-craniofacial skeletal morphology. Eur J Orthod , 1995; 17:45-56. 9. Johal A, Conaghan

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