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Mártha I. Krisztina, Ogodescu A, Gyergyay Réka and Burján Zsuzsa
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Tomasz Tomaszewski, Marcin Baran, Agnieszka Lasota, Izabella Dunin-Wilczyńska, Bartosz Samczyk, Iwona Mitura and Jolanta Wojciechowicz
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Matej Podbregar, Ana Ursula Gavric, Eva Podbregar, Hugon Mozina and Sebastian Stefanovic
Anaemia is state of decreased blood oxygen carrying capacity. 1 Acute anaemia is associated with increased tissue oxygen extraction. 2 On the other hand, with chronic anaemia human body has time to at least partially adapt to decreased blood oxygen carrying capacity. 3 , 4
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is non-invasive method to assess tissue oxygenation (StO 2 ) and estimate tissue haemoglobin (THb) levels. 5 We have studied skeletal muscle StO 2 in critically ill patients with preserved oxygen ( i.e ., cardiogenic shock) and with
Antonio Paoli, Pasqualina Cancellara, Pierluigi Pompei and Tatiana Moro
Interactions between nutrition and skeletal muscle hypertrophy have been widely investigated. Several studies have analysed the effects of different macronutrients ( Escobar et al., 2016 ; Phillips, 2017 ; Witard et al., 2016 ) and the energy intake amount ( Hector et al., 2018 ) on muscle mass variations. Indeed, the size of skeletal muscle is the result of the balance between muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown (MPB). The algebraic sum of MPS and MPB results in the net protein balance (NPB). Only with a positive NPB it
Shabil Mustafa, AC Raj, Jayaprasad Anekar, Darshan Devang Divakar, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Kheraif, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Aftab Ahmed Khan, Obaid Abdullah Alshahrani and Narendra Prakash Rai
The study of stages of development is important for interventional therapies, and treatment of trauma and accidents. It is also helpful in forensic identification. The best way to assess the growth and development is to assess skeletal maturity. Radiographs are effective tools for assessing bone maturity in dentistry. During growth, every bone goes through a series of ossification changes that can be seen radiologically. There are some exceptions, but the events are reproducible enough to provide a basis for comparison between different individuals [ 1 ]. Use