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Muscle Fibre Types and Their Relation to Meat Quality Traits in Pigs

-Heinemann, Oxford. Dux L, Meszaros MG, Rohan J, Gajdos L, Jakab G, Guba F (1981): The value of simple lipid stains for typing skeletal muscle fibers. Histochemical Journal, 13, 63–71. Fazarine G, Ursic M, Kantura VG, Vukicevic TT, Skrlep M, Candek-Potokar M (2013): Expression of myosin heavy chain insoforms in longissimus muscle of domestic and wild pig. Slovenian Veterinary Research, 50, 67–74. Francisco CL, Jorge AM, Dal-Pai-Silva M, Carani FR, Cabeco LC, Silva SR (2011): Muscle fiber type characterization and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform expression in

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Sensory and ATP derivative-based indicators for assessing the freshness of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and cod (Gadus morhua)

) implicated in a food-borne poisoning Food Control 21 13 18 Diler, A. and Genç, İ.Y. 2018. A practical quality index method (QIM) developed for aquacultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). International Journal of Food Properties 21: 857-866. Diler A. Genç İ.Y. 2018 A practical quality index method (QIM) developed for aquacultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) International Journal of Food Properties 21 857 866 Dingle, J.R. and Hines, J.A. 1971. Degradation of inosine 5'-monophosphate in the skeletal muscle of several North

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A New Species of Mesoptychia (Lindb.) A. Evans from California

. 1903. Yukon Hepaticae. Ottawa Naturalist 17 : 13-24 + 2 pl. Gray P. & Pickle F. M. 1956. Iron mordanted safranin and celestine blue for staining skeletal elements in plant tissue. Phytomorphology 6 : 196-198. Haupt A. W. 1930. A gelatin fixative for paraffin section. Stain Technol. 5 : 97-98. Inoue H. 1960. A new genus Hattoriella of the Lophoziaceae. J. Hattori Bot. Lab . 23 : 37-40. Jensen W. A. 1962 Botanical Histochemistry. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco. Kitagawa N

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Animal performance and economic implications of alternative production systems for dairy bulls slaughtered at 15 months of age

Campion, B., Keane, M.G., Kenny, D.A. and Berry, D.P. 2009. Evaluation of estimated genetic merit for carcass weight in beef cattle: live weights, feed intake, body measurements, skeletal and muscular scores, and carcass characteristics. Livestock Science 126 : 87–99. 10.1016/j.livsci.2009.06.004 Campion B. Keane M.G. Kenny D.A. Berry D.P. 2009 Evaluation of estimated genetic merit for carcass weight in beef cattle: live weights, feed intake, body measurements, skeletal and muscular scores, and carcass characteristics Livestock Science 126 87 99 Cerdeño

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Effect of pre-treatment on the generation of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV- and prolyl endopeptidase-inhibitory hydrolysates from bovine lung

in the central nervous system (CNS), the testis, skeletal muscle, kidney, liver and lung ( Yaron et al ., 1993 ), the one found in the CNS is the main pharmacological target. Most of the published PEP inhibitors are chemically synthesised compounds based on the N -acyl-l-prolyl-pyrrolidine structure ( Wilson et al ., 2011 ). However, a number of naturally occurring peptidic PEP inhibitors have been reported ( Wilson et al ., 2011 ). Although no physiological effect has been reported after administration of PEP-inhibitory hydrolysates or peptides to date

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Sinapinic and protocatechuic acids found in rapeseed: isolation, characterisation and potential benefits for human health as functional food ingredients

soleus muscle of STZ-induced rats, with SA causing a concentration-dependent increase in glucose uptake in the soleus muscle. This was confirmed in L6 myoblast cells, indicating that SA may directly stimulate glucose uptake. In vivo , SA increased insulin sensitivity, probably due to the enhanced glucose uptake in skeletal muscle ( Cherng et al ., 2013 ). Taken together, these results indicate that SA may be clinically useful in the treatment of diabetes. Anti-inflammatory activity Nuclear transcription factor kappa-B (NF-κB) plays a key role in the

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Effect of Quercetin on Bone Mineral Status and Markers of Bone Turnover in Retinoic Acid-Induced Osteoporosis

., 2016, 256, 111-124. 31. Peng X., Jianfeng Y., Weizhang J., Qiankun C., Xio G., The effect of osteoporotic model rats induced by retinoic acid. Chinese Int. J. Traumatol., 2005, 4, 1-6. 32. Perazzella M.A., Markowitz G.S., Bisphosphonate nephrotoxicity. Kidney Int., 2008, 74, 1385-93. 33. Pitts C.J., Kearns A.E., Update on medications with adverse skeletal effects. Mayo Clin. Proc., 2011, 86, 338-343. 34. Prouillet C., Mazière J.C., Mazière C., Wattel A., Brazier M., Kamel S., Stimulatory effect of

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Preferences in Meat Consumption of People throughout the Ages Inhabiting the Present—Day Territory of Poland According to Archeaezoological Evidence

Preferences in Meat Consumption of People throughout the Ages Inhabiting the Present—Day Territory of Poland According to Archeaezoological Evidence

This paper describes meat consumption preferences of people from antiquity inhabiting the territory of present day Poland based on archaeological evidence from the skeletal remains of domestic and wild animals. Much information is provided about meat stocks and the scale of meat consumption by various social groups from these ancient times. Skeleton remains of cattle from the Neolithic period, (estimated in Poland to be around 4600-2100 B.C.), constitute on average from 44.0 to 73.0% of all animal remains found whilst the numbers for swine remains were from 36.9 to 19.0%. Looking at the 8 regions of contemporary Poland then in pre-Roman and Roman periods cattle bone remains ranged from 37.5% in East Pomerania to 80.9% in Central Poland. Those from swine ranged from 42.3 and 11.7%, respectively. In the Middle Ages, (defined as 7-13th century A.D.), cattle bone remains constituted from 30 to 50% and those of swine from 28.0 to 52%. In all of the analysed periods goat/sheep remains amounted to 15%. The skeletal remains of horses during the Roman and pre-Roman periods reached different values in different regions, i.e. from 2.7 in Greater Poland to 11.3% in Silesia however in the Middle Ages they were all below 5%. Fish remains consisting of mainly herring, pike and various other species have been continuously found to be present in the diet of people from Neolithic to the Middle ages.

Nowadays in Poland the annual consumption of pork amounts to 42 kg per capita constituting 57.8% of the total meat consumption (72.7 kg), against only about 5 kg of beef.

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Assessment of tree vitality, biomass and morphology of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) root systems growing on reclaimed landfill waste after zinc and lead flotation

Abstract

The stability of introduced stands depends not only on aboveground but also on the belowground biomass. Results from reclaimed sites often indicate good growth of the aboveground part of stands, but data on the development of root systems are still lacking. Our aim was to assess the vitality of trees, their biomass and the morphology of the root systems of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) introduced on reclaimed landfill waste after zinc and lead flotation in Bukowno (southern Poland). The landfill site was reclaimed 20 years ago and reclamation treatments involved isolation and covering with mineral substrate layers (110–150 cm thickness) which formed a technogenic soil profile. Four research plots (10 m × 10 m) were set up in pure pine stands where soil profiles consisted entirely of flotation waste. Trees on the plots were assayed according to the Kraft and IUFRO classification system. In total, 15 trees of average growth parameters and bio-sociological position (I and II Kraft class) were selected for biomass and root system analyses and the root systems were excavated, washed, measured, weighed and photographed.

Our results support pine as a useful species in reforestation of post-mining areas. However, although pine trees were characterised by good vitality, their root systems were shallow and their depth reduced by up to 60 cm due to strong skeletal loamy substrate. Individual root biomass ranged from 1.2 to 9.1 kg and was comparable to pine root biomass on other reclaimed mining sites. This indicates that during restoration, the thickness of the substrate covering the flotation waste should be increased or the amount of skeletal substrate in the top layers of technosol reduced.

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Insulin-like growth factor-I gene polymorphism and its association with growth and slaughter characteristics in broiler chickens

Insulin-like growth factor-I gene polymorphism and its association with growth and slaughter characteristics in broiler chickens

Chicken insulin-like factor 1 gene (IGF1) is a biological candidate gene for the investigation of growth, body composition, and metabolic and skeletal traits, and is also a positional candidate gene for growth and fat deposition in chickens. Two broiler populations Ross 308 and Cobb 500 were used to study the relationship between IGF1 gene polymorphism and phenotypic traits. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was identified in 132 individuals using the PCR-RFLP technique. Genotypical frequencies were, for genotype AA: 0.83-0.86, and for AC: 0.14-0.17. Associations between IGF1 promotor polymorphism and liver weight (P≤0.05) and liver weight as a percentage of the weight of the poultry carcass with the giblets (P≤0.05), were found in the AC genotype in a comparison of broiler homozygous chickens AA in the Cobb 500 line. In these broilers, the breast muscle and leg muscle weight in the AC genotype were higher, and abdominal fat weight lower compared with AA genotype chickens, but these differences were not significant.

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