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Postharvest Practices for Organically Grown Products

Summary

Quality of produce cannot be improved after harvest, only maintained. Postharvest handling depends on the specific conditions of production, season, method of handling, and distance to market. Under organic production, growers harvest and market their produce at or near the peak ripeness more commonly than in many conventional systems. Organic production often includes more specialty varieties whose shelf life and shipping traits are reduced or even inherently poor. Harvesting and handling techniques that minimize injury to the commodity, as well as increased care with field and packinghouse sanitation, (chlorine, ozone, calcium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide, acetic acid, peroxyacetic acid, vinegar, ethyl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, etc.) during postharvest processes are vital components of a postharvest management plan for organic products. Sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, and physical treatments such as heat treatments (as hot water treatment or dips, short hot water rinsing and brushing or hot air) can significantly lower the disease pressure on the harvested commodities. These sanitation practices are very easy to implement in the organic food production chain. They start in the field and continue during harvesting, sorting, packing, and transportation and continue even in the consumer’s home. All those treatments reduce rot development, provide quarantine security, and preserve fruit quality during cold storage and shelf life. In addition, the use chitosan, propolis, methyl jasmonate, essential oils, carnuba wax, biocontrol agents and modified atmosphere packaging can also reduce decay development during prolonged storage. All these treatments can be applied alone or in combination with each other in order to improve decay control after harvest and provide a healthy and safe product to the consumer. The aim of this chapter is to shed more light on the latest information on permitted treatments for organic products and on the possible mode-of-action of these treatments. This chapter summarizes technologies developed over the past five years that explore special physical treatments applied either directly, or in combination with other means to control rot development and insect infestation on fresh produce.

Open access
Influence of Different Storage Methods on Apples Chemical Proprieties

. Ascorbic acid loss and sensory changes in intermediate moisture pineapple during storage at 30-40°C. International J. Food Sci. and Tech. pp: 551. Pleshkov B.P., 1985. Biochemistry Workshop plants. Agropromizdat, 255 Ramona Cotruţ, Anca Amalia Udrişte, 2017. A review of how to optimize storage and shelf life extending technology of kiwifruit (Actinidia sp.) by using 1-methylcyclopropene to measurably reduce fruit waste. Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture. Vol. LXI, 33-38. Sumedrea D., Alina Florea, Mihaela Sumedrea

Open access
The Influence of Variety and Storage Conditions with C.A. on Quality Indicators at Three Varieties of Quince (Cydonia Oblonga)

., 2014. Quality parameters, bio-compounds, antioxidant activity and sensory attributes of Spanish quinces (Cydonia oblonga Miller). Scientia Horticulturae 165: 163-170 Varela P., Salvador A., Fiszman S., 2008. Shelf-life estimation of “Fuji” apples II. The behaviour of recently harvested fruit during storage at ambient conditions. Postharvest Biology and Technology 50: 64-69 Wang H., Guo X., Hu X., Li T., Fu X., Liu R., 2017. Comparison of phytochemical profiles, antioxidant and cellular antioxidant activities of different varieties of

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