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Summary

Quality of produce cannot be improved after harvest, only maintained. Postharvest handling depends on the specific conditions of production, season, method of handling, and distance to market. Under organic production, growers harvest and market their produce at or near the peak ripeness more commonly than in many conventional systems. Organic production often includes more specialty varieties whose shelf life and shipping traits are reduced or even inherently poor. Harvesting and handling techniques that minimize injury to the commodity, as well as increased care with field and packinghouse sanitation, (chlorine, ozone, calcium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide, acetic acid, peroxyacetic acid, vinegar, ethyl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, etc.) during postharvest processes are vital components of a postharvest management plan for organic products. Sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, and physical treatments such as heat treatments (as hot water treatment or dips, short hot water rinsing and brushing or hot air) can significantly lower the disease pressure on the harvested commodities. These sanitation practices are very easy to implement in the organic food production chain. They start in the field and continue during harvesting, sorting, packing, and transportation and continue even in the consumer’s home. All those treatments reduce rot development, provide quarantine security, and preserve fruit quality during cold storage and shelf life. In addition, the use chitosan, propolis, methyl jasmonate, essential oils, carnuba wax, biocontrol agents and modified atmosphere packaging can also reduce decay development during prolonged storage. All these treatments can be applied alone or in combination with each other in order to improve decay control after harvest and provide a healthy and safe product to the consumer. The aim of this chapter is to shed more light on the latest information on permitted treatments for organic products and on the possible mode-of-action of these treatments. This chapter summarizes technologies developed over the past five years that explore special physical treatments applied either directly, or in combination with other means to control rot development and insect infestation on fresh produce.

Abstract

Salt is an important ingredient in the production of meat product. Any reduction of salt requires a special treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of salt reduction on the growth of microorganisms in Kranjska sausages during their shell-life and to carry out a sensory assessment. The 18 lots of sausages were prepared under salt-reduced (1.6%) and control (2.3%) salt concentrations, directly on the production line. A total of 85 sausages were analysed and the data were used for the comparisons of groups (ANOVA) and to detect the significant variables (polynomial models) influenced on the total number of microorganisms (TNMs). The significant differences were determined between the lots (representing the microbiological status of the stuffing), between the salt-reduced samples and control samples, and between the different humidity levels. The correlations and significant relationships were determined between the TNMs and the lots, the salt concentrations, and the relative humidity. The polynomial models were to general to be used for the prediction. For sensory analysis implemented on 40th day 18 sausages were assessed. The reduction of salt resulted in lower scores in the sensory evaluation. The less-salted sausages contained more microorganisms.

Abstract

Cold-pressing residue of walnut kernel (WKR) and brown linseed (BLR) was applied in wheat flour blends at 100:0, 95:5 and 90:10 ratios, of which enriched breads were baked, then stored for 3 days at ambient temperature. Colour parameters and firmness of bread crumb were measured daily. Bavarian rye-bread (BR) and wholemeal multigrain bread (WMMG) were used as competitive, marketable breads for comparing tests.

The studied oil-seed pressing residues (OSRs) resulted brown colour with different characteristics, depending both on the type of OSR and in comparison with marketed breads, too. The type and the ratio of OSR applied had no influence on the varying of crumb texture (P = 0.107). WKR and BLR enrichment provided stable texture for breads with a 3-day shelf-life, independently from their addition ratio. BLR resulted in softer crumb than WKR; however, this difference was considered to be negligible (P = 0.128). The WKR- and BLR-enriched breads stayed significantly softer at the end of storage time than the marketed breads (P = 0.000). Our results indicate that competitive bakery goods can be produced using oil-seed pressing residue/wheat flour blends.

Abstract

Halal certification is one of the prerequisites for entering the global halal market. It does provide recognition of quality and safe product through the concept of halalan toyyiban for the entire supply chain, from farm to fork. In halal meat industry, the system covers from practicing good animal husbandry in the farm until the post-slaughter management in order to maintain the halal status. Animal welfare aspect and ante-mortem inspection were also highlighted in reducing the chances of slaughtering the injured or diseased animal which may not only affecting the meat quality but unhealthy for consumption. Rapid bleeding resulting from the slaughtering process will increases the shelf-life of the meat by reducing the risk of carcass contamination and product deterioration. As the concept of toyyiban (wholesomeness) is practice, the meat is free from any microbiological, physical and chemical hazards.

. (2012) 330-336. [24] M. Garriga, N. Grébol, M. T. Aymerich, J. M. Monfort, M. Hugas, Microbial inactivation after high-pressure processing at 600 MPa in commercial meat products over its shelf-life. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 5. (2004) 451-457.

Abstract

Moringa oleifera leaves are familiar to all, but unknowing that this leaves contain quite a lot of nutrient value which are useful for human body function. This plant’s leaves contain verities of antioxidant which inhabit & fight against free radical to cell of human body for preventing cancer. Moringa leaves need to dry for use through diversified use. Storage and processing quality depend on better dry. The purpose of this research isto identifying and examined performance of different types of dryer to dry Moringa oleiferaleaves. For Moringa dried leaves apply three common type of dryer i.e. sun dryer, multi commodity solar tunnel dryer and oven dryer. This study was conducted to introducing & used of Moringa oleifera leaves as ingredient of functional foods. Through this study the ration of time and moisture loss by several dryer are mentioned. Most of the dryer for temperature range 30°C to 70°C. In MCST dryer found better in color and dried rate as compared others, highest moisture loss in happed in MCST dryer and total removal moisture 75 %. At each dryer 40 g sample was taken. Frequently after 2 hours the dryers were observed and the Moringaleaves (sample 1, 2) were scatteredhomogenously into the baskets or salver. Moistnessreduction datawasnotedaftereach 2 hour breakswhile drying process running. The time and moisture contend will vary for based on the maturity of moringa leaves. In the closing moisture found at the final product was approximately 25 % and total 17.50 g. Optimum amount of moisture content increase shelf life, prevent loss of nutrition and protect form microbial spoilage.

. Biochemistry Workshop plants. Agropromizdat, 255 Ramona Cotruţ, Anca Amalia Udrişte, 2017. A review of how to optimize storage and shelf life extending technology of kiwifruit (Actinidia sp.) by using 1-methylcyclopropene to measurably reduce fruit waste. Scientific Papers. Series B, Horticulture. Vol. LXI, 33-38. Sumedrea D., Alina Florea, Mihaela Sumedrea, Coman R., Mădălina Militaru, Chiţu E., Mădălina Butac, Marin F. C., Claudia Nicola, Mihaela Ciucu Mihaela, Daniela Veringa, 2017. Influence of different storage methods on apple fruits quality, Fruit Growing Research

Devi, B. (2010). RFID: The best technology in SCM, Advances in Management , 3 (2), pp. 198-204. Karkkainen, M. (2003). Increasing efficiency in the SC for short shelf life goods using RFID tagging, International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management , 31 (10), pp. 529-536. Kirch M., Poenickle, O., & Richter, K. (2016). RFID in logistics and production- applications, research and visions for Smart Logistics Zones, 16 th Conference on Reliability and Statistics in Transportation and Communication , RelStat, 19-22 October, Riga, Latvia. Kosasi, S., S.E., M

-Jen, Shaw-Ping Lanc. (1998). Economic Order Quantity of deteriorating items under permissible delay in payments. Computers & Operations Research. Volume 25, Issue 10. Cinzia M. (2016). An EOQ model for perishable products with fixed shelf life under stochastic demand conditions. European Journal of Operational Research 255. p. 388-396. Chanda U., Kumar A. (2019). Optimization of EOQ Model for New Products Under Multi-Stage Adoption Process. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management. Volume: 16 Issue: 2. Chung Kun-Jen. (1998). A theorem on the

Chemisty 232: 466-475 Szychowski P., Munera-Picazo S., Szumny A., Carbonell-Barrachina Á., Hernández F., 2014. Quality parameters, bio-compounds, antioxidant activity and sensory attributes of Spanish quinces (Cydonia oblonga Miller). Scientia Horticulturae 165: 163-170 Varela P., Salvador A., Fiszman S., 2008. Shelf-life estimation of “Fuji” apples II. The behaviour of recently harvested fruit during storage at ambient conditions. Postharvest Biology and Technology 50: 64-69 Wang H., Guo X., Hu X., Li T., Fu X., Liu R., 2017. Comparison of phytochemical profiles