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Abstract

Noise generated by helicopters is one of the main problems associated with the operation of rotorcrafts. Requirements for reduction of helicopter noise were reflected in the regulations introducing lower limits of acceptable rotorcraft noise. A significant source of noise generated by helicopters are the main rotor and tail rotor blades. Radical noise reduction can be obtained by slowing down the blade tips speed of main and tail rotors. Reducing the rotational speed of the blades may decrease rotor thrust and diminish helicopter performance. The problem can be solved by attaching more blades to main rotor. The paper presents results of calculation regarding improvement of the helicopter performance which can be achieved for reduced rotor speed but with increased number of rotor blades. The calculations were performed for data of hypothetical light helicopter. Results of simulation include rotor loads and blade deformations in chosen flight conditions. Equations of motion of flexible rotor blades were solved using the Galerkin method which takes into account selected eigen modes of the blades. The simulation analyzes can help to determine the performance and loads of a quiet helicopter with reduced rotor speed within the operational envelope of helicopter flight states.

Abstract

The article discusses the main features of the applied simulation model of helicopter flight indicating references, where it was elaborated in detail. It focuses on presenting the simulation results of pull-up manoeuvre during which the helicopter does not respond correctly. The reasons for the behaviour as mentioned above were explained based on the results of calculations. The capabilities of the simulation model were used to determine the current loads of particular blades of the helicopter’s main rotor. The results were illustrated by maps of the angles of attack and aerodynamic lift on the surface of the main rotor and the distributions of these parameters along blades on characteristic azimuth for individual manoeuvre phases.

Bearingless Rotor”, American Helicopter Society 50 th Annual Forum , Washington D.C., May 11-13. [10] Gula P., Gorecki T., 2013,”Design, Experiments and Development of a Polish Unmanned Helicopter ILX-27”, 39 th European Rotorcraft Forum , Moscow, Russia, 3-6 September. [11] Stanisławski J., 2015, “Pattern of Helicopter Rotor Loads and Blade Deformations in Some States of Flight Envelope”, Transactions of the Institute of Aviation, No.1(238), pp. 70-90. [12] Stanisławski J., 2016, “Simulation Investigation of Aerodynamic Effectiveness Reduction of Helicopter Tail Rotor