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Public Debt and Its Impact on the Polish Economy and Society

staremu, http://tinyurl.com/l8j5zul (19.10.2013). Gazeta Wyborcza (2012b). Człowiek jest zbędny, gdy nie może kupować, http://tinyurl.com/myut7qp (17.08.2013). Hendron, T., Ash, M. and Pollin, R. (2013). Does high public debt consistently stifle economic growth? A critique of Reinhart and Rogoff. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 23(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cje/bet075 Kalecki, M. (2010). Michal Kalecki, “Political Aspects of Full Employment”, http://tinyurl.com/cp9ood2 (04.01. 2013). Kobayashi, K. (2013

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A Critical Review of the Dynamics of Government Debt Servicing in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe. 19. Government of Zimbabwe. (2013). Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio- Economic Transformation (ZIMASSET), October 2013-2018, Government of Zimbabwe. 20. Government of Zimbabwe. (2016). Public Debt Management ACT [CHAPTER 22:21]. Number. 4 of 2015. Harare: Printflow. 21. International Monetary Fund. Zimbabwe: Article IV Consultation, Staff Reports. Various years. Washington DC: International Monetary Fund. 22. International Monetary Fund. (1998). External Histories of Ten Low-Income Developing

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The Dynamics of Public and Private Debt in Ghana

Liberalization in Ghana.” Center for Policy Analysis, Accra, Ghana. Journal of International Development, Vol. 11, Issue 3, May/June 1999 35. Togo, E. (2007). “Coordinating Public Debt Management with Fiscal and Monetary Policies: An Analytical Framework.” September 2007. Policy Research Working Paper 4369, The World Bank Banking and Debt Management Department Debt Management Advisory Services. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/7389 on September 06, 2017. 36. Vlad, C., Ibadula, B., & Brezeanu, P. (2016). How Taxes

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How Taxes Can Contribute to The Implementation of The Public Governance Strategy? – An Analysis for Eastern European Countries

, Monthly Report, March 2015 , 15-37 8. Dziemianowicz R. (2014), Independent Fiscal Institutions as a Tool of Fiscal Governance, Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy volume 9 issue 1, 2014 9. European Comission Report, Promoting good governance , 2014 10. Faure P. (2011), Public debt accumulation and institutional quality: can corruption improve welfare?, Ecnomics Bulletin, Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2011 11. Gradstein M. (2004), Governance and Growth, Journal of Development Economics

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The Impact of Standardised fiscal rules index on the Yield on Ten-Year Government Bonds in the Visegrád Group Countries in 2005–2016

Abstract

Purpose: The article analyzes the possible methods of public debt management, which not only aim to meet regulatory requirements but also obtain a market premium in the form of an optimal level of the yield on government bond yields that will be profitable for the issuer. The study analyzes the situation in the public finance sector in the countries that form the Visegrád Group (V4). The authors evaluate the main regulatory requirements of EU law in the area of numerical fiscal rules and their impact on the yield on basic securities such as ten-year government bonds, which directly influences the cost of servicing long-term public debt.

Methodology: The study uses desk research method for theoretical reasoning to verify the research hypothesis. The study seeks to answer the question of whether the application of national and EU fiscal rules in V4 budgetary frameworks contributes to lower yields on ten-year bonds and thereby reduces the cost of public debt. The authors utilize time series and cause-effect analysis as well as quantitative research for the systematization of statistical information and regression analysis for the examination of statistical dependencies.

Findings: The basic parameters subject to financial assessment within the fiscal rules index are (1) the deficit of public finance sector and (2) public debt with its servicing costs. In 2005–2016, the ratio of the public finance sector deficit to GDP was shaped in such a way that most V4 countries required the institution of excessive deficit procedures and further disciplinary regulations. The assessment of the situation in the public finance sector in the area of budget deficit and public debt does not translate into the yield on government bonds of non-Eurozone countries. Model-based testing indicates that the financial markets – when deciding to evaluate or purchase government bonds of non-Eurozone countries – failed to acknowledge the implementation of fiscal rules in these countries and its possible effects.

Originality: The study focuses on a unique comprehensive analysis of national fiscal rules employed in individual V4 countries and their impact on the yield on government bonds throughout the entire EU membership of the V4. What holds the greatest cognitive value in this article is the answer to the question of whether Eurozone membership impacts the valuation of a country’s public debt.

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Social value added (SVA) as an adaptation of economic value added (EVA) to the specificity of cultural institutions

). Instytucje upowszechniania kultury w XXI wieku. Przeżytek czy nowa jakość? Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe. Schuster, J.M. (1997). The Performance of Performance Indicators in the Arts. Nonprofit Management and Leadership , 3 (7): 253–269. Rae, G. (2016). Public Debt and Its Impact on the Polish Economy and Society. Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe , 24 (1): 89–112. Selwood, S. (ed.) (2001). The UK cultural sector: profile and policy issues . London: Policy Studies Institute. Słoński, T. (1999). Koncepcja

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Governmental Liquidities Management 2008-2010

Lunch, De Nederlandsche Bank, Occasional Studies, Vol. 3/Nr. 2 (preliminary version published as: De Nederlandsche Bank (2004), The Costs of Payments: Survey on the Costs Involved in POS Payment Products, Working Group on Costs of POS Payment Products, March); 5. Cheney, J. (2006), "Supply- and Demand-Side Developments Influencing Growth in the Debit Market," Payment Cards Center Discussion Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia; 6. Campanaro, A. and Vittas, D. (2004) ‗Greco-Roman Lessons for Public Debt Management and Debt Market

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