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Interpretation of sports rules is a tool widely used by coaches in order to improve performance of their teams and athletes ( Gracia et al., 2014 ; Hill-Haas et al., 2010 ). Sports rule modifications, such as in court dimensions or the number of active players, may cause an improvement in athletes’ physical conditioning ( Cormery et al., 2008 ; Klusemann et al., 2012 ; Mikołajec et al., 2012), as well as technical (Delextrat and Martinez, 2014) and tactical skill levels (Sampaio and Maçãs, 2012). The effect of rule modification has always been
Francisco M. Leo, Pedro A. Sánchez-Miguel, David Sánchez-Oliva, Diana Amado and Tomás García-Calvo
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There are many factors that affect performance in Olympic shooting. Elite shooters are capable of reaching extreme levels of precision and accuracy. In female air pistol shooting, the best shooters often reach scores as high as the current world record (393/400), or in other words success of 98.2% hitting the ten points score. Considering that the maximum score of a shot (10 points) represents accuracy within a circle of a diameter of 11.5 mm ± 0.1 mm from a shooting distance of 10 meters, failure or important loss in performance due to
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Magdalena Kruk, Jan Blecharz, Monika Boberska, Karolina Zarychta and Aleksandra Luszczynska
Performance is among key outcomes in sport psychology ( Harmison, 2011 ; Weinberg and Gould, 2007 ) and satisfaction with one’s own performance is a relevant indicator reflecting athletes’ perception of own or team’s level of play ( Nicholls et al., 2012 ). Performance and satisfaction with one’s own performance depend on modifiable factors, such as the use of psychological strategies by athletes ( Gould et al., 1999 ; Krane and Williams, 2006 ). Although cross-sectional associations between the use of psychological strategies and athletes
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