Jaspreet Kaur, Shailendra Kumar Singh and Jaspreet Singh Vij
Background and Aims: diabetes mellitus one of the non-communicable disorders which is spreading globally irrespective of nation being developed or developing. The aim of this study was to optimize the exercise protocols and to find the efficacy of these protocols on glucose control, balance, gait and proprioception in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Material and Methods: 40 individuals with type 2 DM with age 35 to 60 were randomly allotted to four groups with 10 subjects in each. Cycle ergometer based aerobic exercises were given with duration of 20 or 30 minutes twice or thrice weekly for 6 weeks. Pre and post intervention was collected using Fullerton Advanced Balance scale for balance, spatiotemporal gait parameters for gait, Continuous passive motion for Proprioception and High Performance Liquid Chromatography in the laboratory.
Results: data was analysed using Design Expert software. Full factorial design was used to compare role of duration and frequency of exercise on each patient. The results showed significant effect of exercises on balance, gait, proprioception and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c).
Conclusion: Aerobic exercises if given for 30 minutes and thrice weekly can show a significant improvement in complications in Diabetics.
Sorina Maria Aurelian, Ana Capisizu, Andreea Zamfirescu and Dan Cheţa
With age, arteries become more rigid and pulse waves propagate faster. The pathogenic mechanisms that causes vascular stiffness in type 2 diabetes are complex but incompletely understood. An important element in the development of this phenomenon appears to be insulin resistance. One of the first line health problems that persist in the present is the failure to detect cardiovascular diseases in the preclinical stage which is important since more frequent cardiac events (myocardial infarction, sudden death) occur in people without obvious cardiovascular pathology in the medical history. One of the degenerative diseases with the greatest impact on the autonomy is dementia of elderly people. Recent studies have shown the association and even the possible involvement of cardiovascular risk factors and arterial stiffness in the pathogenesis of dementia and cognitive impairment. Although pulse wave velocity in the aorta is related to subclinical coronary atherosclerosis (being an important biomarker of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic individuals), arterial stiffness is also a predictor of cognitive performance, cognitive decline or dementia.
Viviana Elian, Cristian Panaite, Dan Cheta and Cristian Serafinceanu
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