The lawgiver of the new Penal Code proposed to charge into offences some deeds that endanger the public safety as social value protected by the penal norms and which, in their turn, include a series of values that might be harmed due to a breach of some rules established for the performance of certain activities, inhere for the social life, as well as those that set out, among others, the traffic safety on public roads.
Both in the European Union and in European doctrine was widely discussed the ratione materiae of the future European Public Prosecutor. In terms of the Lisbon Treaty its jurisdincion is limited to crimes that threaten the Union’s financial interests, but at the same time the Council of Europe may extend this competence by unanimous decision and other serious offenses. European Public Prosecutor is now one of the main objectives of the European Union and is one of the priorities of the common space of freedom, security and justice for the next five years. Still looking for ways and methods useful for the implementation of these goals, but two conditions must be met: it must be a useful institution, well embedded in the EU institutions and must be based on our national legal traditions that have proven their relevance. Finally, it gives a substantial importance to defense lawyers and rights in various stages of the procedure, both in the contentious matter of freedom and during the performance of an adversarial procedure.
In this article, the author reviews the approach of English courts to limits of autonomy principle and tries to answer the following research questions: What obligations should the applicant fulfil while opening a credit in accordance with the underlying contract? What are the seller’s remedies when the buyer fails to perform his duties regarding opining and performance of the credit? On the other hand, what are the seller’s duties in the process of opening the credit and what will be the buyer’s remedy in case of his failure? What is the legal position regarding variation of the credit? What is the position of court regarding absolute or conditional nature of the credit? In order to answer the above research questions, paper is divided into seven parts: after the introductory comments, the second part will review the nature of the buyer’s obligation in opening the credit. The third part is focused on effect of non-compliance by the buyer and the fourth part studies the variation of the credit and its effect on party’s rights within the underlying contract. Part five deals with the buyer’s rights after opening the credit while part six will discuss the absolute or conditional nature of the payment obligation to pay under the LC. Last but not the least, the final part will provide some concluding remarks.
of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32016R0679&from=en .
26. Single Market Scoreboard, Performance overview, Reporting period: indicated under the respective chapters, http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/scoreboard/performance_overview/index_en.htm .
27. Single Market Scoreboard, Performance per Member State, Romania, Reporting period: 2017, http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/scoreboard/_docs/2018