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The construction industry in Yemen is currently facing challenges associated with rapid development of technology; thus, cost estimation is considered a key factor that should align with this technological advancement. The main problem in the area of preliminary estimate in Yemen is how to make estimate accurately. The aim of this study is to analyse a modern method of preliminary cost estimation in Yemen to prove its efficiency over the traditional method. Therefore, a wide range of literature sources regarding the preliminary estimates using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as a modern technique is considered. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were adopted in this study depending on the theoretical premises discussed in literature and the ANN technique, respectively. The independent variables were chosen in the course of literature review. The collected data were classified and processed regarding the ANN constraints and encoded for building and analysis of the ANN model. NeuroSolution 6 software was used to build, train, and test the network as well as to perform sensitivity analysis. In addition, the results of training, testing, and sensitivity analysis were obtained and discussed showing high effectiveness of accurate estimates with less than 1 % error. The ANN model is a more powerful technique for estimating costs in the preliminary stage that should be used in the developing countries instead of the traditional methods.
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Ashwani., & Geethanjali, N. (2018). Demonetization in India: An Impact Assessment. Journal of Business Thought , 9 , 11–23. https://doi.org/10.18311/jbt/2018/2119
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Paul C. Anih, Chicheta F. Nissi and Uduakobong E. Akpan
Real estate entrepreneurship training and education in tertiary institutions can be a source of remedy to unemployment in Nigeria. World Bank (2019) reveals that Nigeria unemployment rate was 6.03 % in the year 2018 and the country ranked 83rd with high unemployment. The aim of the research is to examine the perception and responses of undergraduates of Estate Management and Valuation on entrepreneurship training and education for professional competence. The University of Uyo was studied and particularly Estate Management undergraduates during the academic years of 2014/2015–2018/2019. The method of the research was a descriptive study. Data were obtained from the mean scores of the class assessments (CAs) and the examination scores (ESs) administered to the students on selected courses related to entrepreneurial education. The students’ performance was used as an indicator for their willingness to adhere to entrepreneurial education in Real Estate Management and Valuation. The National Universities Commission grading scale was adopted (A = 70–100; B = 60–69; C = 50–59; D = 45–49; E = 40–44; F = 0–39). The finding shows that the score for all the courses was above 50 %. The entrepreneurial study was 62 %, which was “B” grade of National Universities Commission scale. The study, therefore, concludes that the students of estate management were willing to adhere to entrepreneurial training and education from their scores. The study recommends the provision of adequate learning environment, qualified teaching staff and provision of technical resources.
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). Sing High Praise of Red Property Management Releasing Many People’s Worries,10–11.
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Shumank Deep, Mohd Asim, Neeti Kesarwani and Shweta Kandpal
Deep, S., Jefferies, M., & Gajendran, T. (2017). Resolving constraints in collaborative procurement through the lens of a portfolio purchasing model: A traditional literature review. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Frontiers of Infrastructure Finance, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.
Deep, S., Khan, M. B., Ahmad, S., & Saeed, A. (2017e). A study of various factors affecting contractor's performance in
Today risk management plays a vital role in business. Each firm, whether big or small, makes an effort to manage risk more effectively. Risk management is very important in the financial system, especially in banks. Billions of Euros are spent each year on the financial reporting of banks. Banks should implement effective solutions in risk management to mitigate their risks. Great financial debate that originated in the 1990s is reportedly linked to errors that occurred in the banking sector due to poor risk management. It should be noted that today technology plays a key role in risk management and it has already had a positive effect on the financial industry. Analysis of risk and its management has become significant in the Kosovo economy since the post-war period. The nature of the banking business is threatened by risks because more financial products are becoming complicated. The main role of banks is intermediation between those who have resources and those seeking them. Banks face various risks at the corporate level, such as operational, liquidity, legal, credit, and market risks; thus, these risks should be converted into a composite measure. This research aims to determine practices and effects of risk management in the banking sector. Relevant data were collected from banks through questionnaires and telephone interviews; analysis has been conducted using statistical tools. This study will engage both the quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis. Dependent variables will be separated from independent variables, and regression analysis will be used to analyse the quantitative data.