Martin Gierus, Birgit Eickler, Reinhard Resch, Ralf Loges, Friedhelm Taube and Erich M. Poetsch
OMD, organic matter digestibility; TT, Tilley and Terry method; CM, pepsin-cellulase method; ME, metabolizable energy; WC, white clover; RC, red clover; LC, lucerne; BT, birdsfoot trefoil; KC, kura clover; RG, rotational grazing; CM-OMD, OMD based on pepsin-cellulase method; TTOMD, OMD based on Tilley and Terry method; ME CM , ME estimated by pepsin-cellulase method; ME TT , ME estimated by Tilley and Terry method; MAT, mean average temperature; AP, average precipitation.
With the genetic advancement of new cultivars
Anna Rzepecka-Stojko, Barbara Pilawa, Paweł Ramos and Jerzy Stojko
Antioxidative Properties of Bee Pollen Extracts Examined by EPR Spectroscopy
Bee pollen is a valuable and highly recognized source of exogenous antioxidants. The aim of these studies was to determine the antioxidant capacity of three types of bee pollen extracts: ethanol extracts of bee pollen, pepsin extracts of bee pollen and ethanol extracts of pepsin-digested bee pollen. Their antioxidant properties were determined with the use of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and their ability to quench DPPH free radicals was estimated. The EPR results showed that ethanol extracts of pepsin-digested bee pollen (EEPP) had the highest antioxidative effect and the highest free radical DPPH scavenging potential. The pepsin extracts of bee pollen (PEP) had the weakest antioxidant capacity. The ability to quench DPPH free radicals was also the weakest one for this extract. An average antioxidative effect was recorded for ethanol extracts of bee pollen (EEP).
Aneta Strachecka, Grzegorz Borsuk, Jerzy Paleolog, Krzysztof Olszewski, Milena Bajda and Jacek Chobotow
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efficacy of a number of enzymes, including Alcalase, Protamex, Savinase and Corolase 7089, on lentil proteins ( Garcia-Mora et al ., 2015 ). Moreover, high-pressure treatments also increased proteolysis of ovalbumin with pepsin, trypsin and chymotrypsin ( Quirós et al ., 2007 ) and proteolysis of bovine collagen with Alcalase, collagenase, thermolysin, pepsin and trypsin ( Zhang et al ., 2013 ). Although only one high-pressure pre-treatment was tested in this study (600 MPa, 3 min), a previous study carried out by Singh and Ramaswamy (2014) suggested that the DH was
Samuel O. Onoja, Osborn Chinagorom, Chinyere B. C. Ikpa, Kelechi G. Madubuike, Ihechiluru I. Ezeigbo, Solomon N. Ijioma, Aruh O. Anaga and Maxwell I. Ezeja
-induced ulcer model. Misoprostol is a prostaglandin analogue that stimulate mucus and bicarbonate production, inhibit gastric acid secretion and cause vasodilation which shield the stomach mucosa against damage ( 34 ). This suggests that both ESE and misoprostol conferred cytoprotective effect on gastric mucosa and could be the possible mechanism of action. The mucus-bicarbonate layer create a near neutral microenvironment (pH ̴7) at the mucus-mucosa interface and also prevent the proteolytic digestion of gastric epithelium by pepsin ( 35 ). It was observed that ESE caused
Mihaela-Doina Niculescu, Doru-Gabriel Epure, Magdalena Lasoń-Rydel, Carmen Gaidau, Mihai Gidea and Cristina Enascuta
Collagen: A review on its sources and potential cosmetic applications J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 17 1 20 26
2 Delgado LM, Shologu N, Fuller K, Zeugolis DI. Acetic acid and pepsin result in high yield, high purity and low macrophage response collagen for biomedical applications. Biomed Mater 2017; 12(6): article no. 065009. 28767045
Delgado LM Shologu N Fuller K Zeugolis DI Acetic acid and pepsin result in high yield, high purity and low macrophage response collagen for biomedical applications Biomed Mater 2017 12 6 article no. 065009
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M. Samir, M. A. Amin, A. O. Hassan, A. M. Merwad and M. A. I. Awadallah
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CARBALLEDA-SANGIAO, N., OLIVARES, F., RODRIGUEZ-MAHILLO, A.I., CARECHE, M., TEJADA, M., MONEO, I., GONZALEZ-MUNOZ, M. (2014): Identifi cation of autoclave
were obtained from infected stock Swiss mice by 1 % pepsin/1 % HCl digestion ( Dunn & Wright, 1985 ). Two groups of seven animals received GA at a dose of 0.5 and 1 mg/ kg by intraperitoneal injection once every other day to give a total of 3 doses. Treatment started at 7 th day p.i. The remaining mice served as a control infected group. Additional seven infected mice received only DMSO. At 35 days p.i., the animals were euthanized, and muscle larvae were recovered and counted as described before ( Dunn & Wright, 1985 ).
Similar parts of the diaphragm and thigh