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This paper presents selected results of the research entitled Planning theSpace of High Landscape Values, Using Digital Land Analysis, with EconomicAppraisal, supervised by Dr. Paweł Ozimek, Cracow Technical University,conducted since 2009. Usually, we do not pay attention to surroundinglandscapes in our everyday life. However, for the persons who deal with spatialplanning, geography, natural environment, or cultural heritage, the validity andvalue of landscape are the terms which do not have to be defined. The first partof the paper is dedicated to the landscape features that decide about its value.The author discusses whether those features are the same as those we want toprotect and how we can appraise landscape values. The next part contains ananalysis of the economic bases of development. In reference to space, theanalysis and opinion on land use in the context of the development of usablefunctions are essential. Consequently, the identification of the limitationsconnected with the protection of landscape and delimitation of the areas onwhich such limitations exist are required. Another component consists in thedetermination of the land requirements associated with existential and economicneeds of the local population. Such a general balance of needs and requirementsis the starting point of the adoption of development policies and actionprogrammes. The programmes should include the location of individual projectsand capital investments on land, as well as their proper timing co-ordination.Owing to the complexity of the tasks, the option analysis is the preferred methodof search for the best possible solution. The reconciliation of individual land use(title to land), public and business land uses, with the protection of environmental and cultural values, can be difficult or next to impossible to attain. Therefore, we need some mechanisms to compensate the losses occurring in individual interests and in local, regional, or national development. The choice of options for local or regional development is based on balancing the costs and benefits that depend on the sizes of both protected and non-protected areas. In conclusion, the author attempts at answering the questions whether the landscape and landscape values can be saved owing to their economic assets, and what instruments should be implemented to utilize economic mechanisms of protection.
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The diversity of modern capitalism
Oxford University Press
Babos, P. (2010), Varieties of capitalism in central and Eastern Europe: measuring the co-ordination index of a national economy , SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs in Eastern Europe, 4/2010.
Varieties of capitalism in central and Eastern Europe: measuring the co-ordination index of a national economy
SEER Journal for Labour and Social Affairs
cannot fulfil this task with the classical way of doing things, mainly focused on the preparation of government sessions and its media activities.
This paper thus differentiates between the Prime Minister’s Cabinet and CoG, the latter seen as the Cabinet’s systemic update in the complex environment. This paper’s focus is on CoG that is along the classical tasks of the Prime Minister’s cabinet dedicated to system performance, i.e. on the co-ordination of preparation and approval of the government’s strategic priorities and work programme, co-ordination of the policy
Miroslav Žižka, Vladimíra Hovorková Valentová, Natalie Pelloneová and Eva Štichhauerová
public support for cluster organizations.
The cluster development process and efforts to support it are complex activities and involve both individual and group decision-making ( Giuliani, Maffioli, Pacheco, Pietrobelli and Stucchi, 2013 ). The results will always depend on the level of co-ordination achieved and on the measures taken as a result of better co-ordination and the identification of the relevant actors’ strategies.
Public officials and other involved parties are interested in making rational, fair and economical decisions. For this reason, it is
Alexander Hijzen, Pedro S. Martins and Jante Parlevliet
firms and the degree of co-ordination across sectors or firms ( OECD, 2017 ). Several studies have attempted to shed light on one or more of these factors, including coordination ( OECD, 2004 ; 2006, 2018).
Despite work showing that there are many other factors that affect the role of collective bargaining systems for labour market performance, reforms in response to the global financial crisis remained by and large focused on the level of bargaining, and more specifically, ways to increase the prominence of firm-level bargaining. Indeed, the Great Recession and the
) „Improving Policy Instruments through Impact Assessment“, Sigma Papers, No.31
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Panke, D. (2010) „Good Instructions in No Time? Domestic Coordination of EU Policies in 19 Small States“, West European Politics , 33 (4): 770-790
Peters, B.G. Wright, V. (2001) The National Co-ordination