Effects of winter survival training on selected motor indices
Study aim: To assess the effects of prolonged winter survival activities of moderate workouts on selected motor skills in male participants of survival instructor training course.
Material and methods: A group of 11 physical education students, participants of a survival course camp for instructors, aged 21 - 25 years, participated in the study. They were examined 3 times: before starting the course (Day 1), on the following morning - after a 12-h night training when the participants were deprived of sleep (Day 2) and 24 h later, after a 6-h sleep and survival activities lasting all day (Day 3). At the end of the course all the participants were assessed by a single 10-point scale. In the mornings of all 3 days the participants were subjected to the following tests: 15-m straight run, shuttle run 3×5 m, 15-slalom run, 15-m squat, computer-aided co-ordination test, maximum handgrip, 50%-handgrip and corrected 50% handgrip.
Results: Running velocity on Day 3 was significantly (p<0.05) decreased in relation to the previous days but a running performance index computed from the standardised values of all running tests did not decrease and on Day 2 was even significantly (p<0.05) higher than on Day 1. No significant between-day differences were found for the visual co-ordination test and for handgrip strength indices despite exhausting workloads applied.
Conclusions: Although the applied tests did no fully reflect the real performance of subjects under the winter survival conditions, it seems that engaging soldiers in consecutive military actions without an adequate recovery should be avoided whenever possible in order to improve the execution of strenuous tasks.
., Beveridge S., Edwards L., Edwards R. (2008) Dyslexia and developmental co-ordination disorder in further and higher education-similarities and differences. Does the ‘label’ influence the support given? Dyslexia, 14(3): 197-213.
15. Kurtz L.A. (2003) How To Help A Clumsy Child. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
16. Larkin D., Rose E. (2005) Assessment of Developmental Coordination Disorder. In: Sugden D.A., Chambers M.E., eds.: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. London: Whurr Publishers Ltd. p. 135-154.
17. Mandich A.D., Polatajko H.J., Rodger S., (2003
ultra long exercise and sleep deprivation on physical performance of healthy men. Med. Sport, 10(4): 98-101.
15. Starosta W., Hirtz P., Kos H. (2003) Relationship between selected global co-ordination abilities in athletes in athletes practising various sport disciplines. In: W. Starosta, W. Osiński, editors. New Ideas in sport sciences: Current Issues and Perspectives. International Association of Sport Kinetics, Warsaw-Poznań-Leszno, 15(1): 255-258.
16. Stupnicki R., Tomaszewski P., Milde K. (2007) Contributions of age, body height and body mass to the total
Marcin Maciejczyk, Joanna Gradek, Jadwiga Szymura, Jerzy Cempla, Magdalena Więcek and Łukasz Tota
likelihood. Statist. Med., 11: 1305-19. DOI: 10.1002/sim.4780111005.
4. DeJaeger D., Willems P.A., Heglund N.C. (2001) The energy cost of walking in children. Eur. J. Physiol., 441: 538-43. DOI: 10.1007/s004240000443.
5. Donkervliet E., Smits T., Ziemba A.W., Kemper H.C.G., Wagenaar R.C. (2000) Can sex and puberty-related differences and running economy be explained by the differences in co-ordination patterns? Biol. Sport, 17: 243-54.
6. Drinkard B., McDuffie J., McCann S., Uwaifo G.I., Nicholson J., Yanovski J.A. (2001) Relationship between walk/run performance and
Ewa Dziuba, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Katarzyna Guzek and Katarzyna Zajkiewicz
15. Grabherr L., Macauda G., Lenggenhager B. (2015) The moving history of vestibular stimulation as a therapeutic intervention. Multisens. Res., 28(5-6): 653-687. DOI: 10.1163/22134808-00002495.
16. Highland Developmental Co-ordination Disorder Group Guidline NOTES, appendix B - terminology http://www.hdcd.org.uk/hdcd_guidance_notes/appendix_b_19.php (25.03.2017).
17. Husby I.M., Skranes J., Olsen A., Brubakk A.M., Evensen K.A.I. (2013) Motor skills at 23years of age in young adults born preterm with very
Zsolt Csirkés, Károly Bretz, Katalin Jakab and Rita F Földi
exercises conducted on compliant and noncompliant surfaces. J. Strength Cond. Res., 21(2): 460-465. DOI: 10.1519/R-19645.1.
15. Cumberworth V.L., Patel N.N., Rogers W., Kenyon G.S. (2007) The maturation of balance in children. J. Laryngol. Otol., 121(5): 449-454. DOI: 10.1017/S002225106004051.
16. De Castro Ferracioli M., Yukiko Hiraga C., Pellegrini A.M. (2014) Emergence and stability of interlimb coordination patterns in children with developmental coordination disorder. Res. Dev. Disabil., 35(2): 348-356. DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2013