to reestablish their movement.
One of them was Ephraim Elimelech Urbach. He was born in 1912 in Białystok, Poland, to a Hasidic family and received a traditional Jewish education, as practiced in his native country. In the early 1930s, he studied at the Universities of Breslau and Rome and at the rabbinical seminary of Breslau, where he received his rabbinic ordination. In this period, in order to support himself, he worked as a private teacher for Talmud in Jewish- German families. In the last years of the seminary, Urbach was one of its teachers, while he was