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Patterns of Overeducation in Europe: The Role of Field of Study

occupational groups ( Reimer et al., 2008 ). The high job-specificity protects graduates of fields like medicine, law, or architecture from educational mismatch ( Ortiz and Kucel, 2008 ). Second, credentialism theories suggest that in a world where the true personal abilities are unknown, the chosen field of study can also act as an ability signal to employers. Obtaining a degree in fields like maths, natural sciences, or technical disciplines, which enjoy the reputation of imposing high intellectual demands on their students, could convince employers of the extraordinary

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