To understand the specifics of collective memory and nostalgia for the communist times in today’s Georgia, it is important to look back to the first two decades of country’s sovereignty. Georgia obtained independence from the USSR in early 1991, and at that time, interethnic conflict in South Ossetia (1991–1992) already had been escalating. Soon after, a military conflict in Abkhazia had started and continued from August 1992 to September 1993. Although these conflicts sometimes are described as civil wars in the result of an ethnic conflict, the separatists
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Whether we talk of Stanislavski’s theatre of living, or Meyerhold’s biomechanics (through which the eccentric actor can respond to the most unexpected emotional or physical requests), or Brecht’s theatre of alienation of representation, or psychological theatre, which pays attention to the character’s conduct, inspired by some of the discoveries of American behaviourists, in all these instances there is a certain common essential point, which, of course, is directly reached through nothing other than the false or truthful image of the contemporary man on the living stage. I believe that great achievements in acting are beyond the split between emotion and idea, or the illusory antagonism of conscious and unconscious, intelligence and sensitivity.
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Popular Genres of Italian Cinema from the 1960‘s – 1980‘s as reported in Czecho(Slovakian) Film and Non-Film Periodical Press (1990 – 2000)
This study focuses on the reflection of popular genres from Italian cinema during the 1960’s to 1980’s in Czecho(Slovakian) film and non film press during the years 1990 to 2000. The subject for analysis will only be comprehensive and compact texts that deal with concrete popular genres or with the productions of filmmakers that represent various models of a thrilling spectacle. We will mention only one example from Czech and Slovak translations, because this study deals purely with original published Czech and Slovak texts. This study aims to emphasize the themes chosen by Czech and Slovak film publicists, critics, and journalists in relation to popular Italian genres and in what way they developed interpretative thinking and historical, socio-cultural and industrial context of various models of a thrilling spectacle. Part of our study examines the point of view of film journalism in Czecho(Slovak) periodical press, in the sense of a historical document about period thinking on popular genres of Italian cinema, it will also take into account the enthusiastic and nostalgic approach taken by some of the authors that became a parallel line to the aesthetic interpretation of the films. The study will also touch on social, cultural and medial transformations after the year 1989 which led in Czecho(Slovak) film journalism to a greater critical interest in Italian popular genres. The text will be divided into two parts. The first part will deal only with the Italian western that belonged to the most often reflected and analyzed categories of spectacular spectacle. The second part will point to other lines of thrilling spectacle in Italian popular cinema and to some filmmakers whose work was repeatedly reflected in film journalism.
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total and complete deracination, or only those living in dense urban areas? Is a local culture erased by the liberal state, and if so, by what mechanism does it accomplish this homogenization and fascist repression of its citizenry’s cultural, religious, and linguistic preferences? None of these questions are addressed by Deneen.
The only way forward, for Deneen, is “liberation from liberalism itself” ( Deneen 2018 18). Of course, he does not thematize or propose a politics of nostalgia. To look backward would be to replace liberalism with monarchy or any other
Steiner, George, După Babel. Aspecte ale limbii şi traducerii, Univers, Bucharest, 1983.
Steiner, George, După Babel. Théâtralité(s). Tradition et innovation , collective edition, Editions Philippe Picquier, Strasbourg, 2015.