Whether we talk of Stanislavski’s theatre of living, or Meyerhold’s biomechanics (through which the eccentric actor can respond to the most unexpected emotional or physical requests), or Brecht’s theatre of alienation of representation, or psychological theatre, which pays attention to the character’s conduct, inspired by some of the discoveries of American behaviourists, in all these instances there is a certain common essential point, which, of course, is directly reached through nothing other than the false or truthful image of the contemporary man on the living stage. I believe that great achievements in acting are beyond the split between emotion and idea, or the illusory antagonism of conscious and unconscious, intelligence and sensitivity.
Popular Genres of Italian Cinema from the 1960‘s – 1980‘s as reported in Czecho(Slovakian) Film and Non-Film Periodical Press (1990 – 2000)
This study focuses on the reflection of popular genres from Italian cinema during the 1960’s to 1980’s in Czecho(Slovakian) film and non film press during the years 1990 to 2000. The subject for analysis will only be comprehensive and compact texts that deal with concrete popular genres or with the productions of filmmakers that represent various models of a thrilling spectacle. We will mention only one example from Czech and Slovak translations, because this study deals purely with original published Czech and Slovak texts. This study aims to emphasize the themes chosen by Czech and Slovak film publicists, critics, and journalists in relation to popular Italian genres and in what way they developed interpretative thinking and historical, socio-cultural and industrial context of various models of a thrilling spectacle. Part of our study examines the point of view of film journalism in Czecho(Slovak) periodical press, in the sense of a historical document about period thinking on popular genres of Italian cinema, it will also take into account the enthusiastic and nostalgic approach taken by some of the authors that became a parallel line to the aesthetic interpretation of the films. The study will also touch on social, cultural and medial transformations after the year 1989 which led in Czecho(Slovak) film journalism to a greater critical interest in Italian popular genres. The text will be divided into two parts. The first part will deal only with the Italian western that belonged to the most often reflected and analyzed categories of spectacular spectacle. The second part will point to other lines of thrilling spectacle in Italian popular cinema and to some filmmakers whose work was repeatedly reflected in film journalism.
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Extreme metal music is held to be a destructive genre of popular culture, treated as a pariah for many. Being a seriously misunderstood genre, I would like to highlight that metal music is a result of conscious work process that cannot only be noticed on the level of the music but on the level of verbal and pictorial expressions too. In my paper, I would like to show the working mechanisms of the so-called “(neo)pagan/mythological metal” movement, focusing on the rhetoric side of its mentioned expressions, searching for the ways these bands rewrite ancient myths and legends.
For my research, I will use three main threads: 1) history of religion (looking for the connections of the reception of ancient topics in contemporary society, e.g. New Age Cults and New Religious Movements); 2) reception theory, as the thoughts of Northrop Frye, Wolfgang Iser (1972), and John Fiske (2011) all should help to understand the general processes behind reading and producing texts; 3) subculture studies – e.g. the works of Richard Schusterman and Deena Weinstein (2002) to have a deeper insight to the genres standing on the edge of mass and high culture.
After a general introduction, I would like to demonstrate the above mentioned through some case studies. The chosen mythological cultures are going to be the world of the ancient Middle East (Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Old Testament), the classical Roman world, and the Viking Era, also showing some Hungarian and Romanian examples in the last section. In each section, the following issues should be examined: band and stage names connected to the topic, album titles, lyrics, and album covers. All these together will show us many clear patterns from romantic nostalgia to allegoric concepts, all revolving around the essence of metal music: being a Stranger in a familiar society.
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