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Pulsed Laser Ablation of the Solid Targets in a Liquid Environment

Abstract

In this paper, the viability of laser ablation of gold target immersed in medical distillated water used to produce nanoparticles having morphological, structural and compositional properties for medical applications is explored. The morphological properties were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis was used to reveal the composition of resulting particles. The absorbance in the wavelengths range of 300-800 nm can be assigned to the small gold nanoparticles.

Open access
The Aharonov-Bohm Effect and Transport Properties in Graphene Nanostructures

Abstract

This paper investigates the possibility to improve the filtering process of flue gas by separation of suspended nanoparticle using dielectrophoresis. The study focuses on the particles having an average radius of about 50-150 nm, that cannot be filtrated by classical techniques but have a harmful effect for environment and human health. The size distribution nanoparticles collected from the flue gas filters of a hazardous waste incinerator plant were evaluated. Based on obtained experimental data and a proposed mathematical model, the concentration distribution of nanoparticle suspended in flue gas inside a microfluidic separation device was analyzed by numerical simulations, using the finite element method. The performances of the device were described in terms of three new specific quantities related to the separation process, namely Recovery, Purity and Separation Efficiency. The simulations could provide the optimal values of control parameters for separation process, and aim to be a useful tool in designing microfluidic devices for separating nanoparticle from combustion gases.

Open access