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meat processing plant in Trinidad. Food Microbiol., 23: 359-366. Guran H.S., Oksuztepe G. (2014). The influence of different freezing and frozen storage tempera- tures on Clostridium petfiingetxs type Ain raw chicken wings. J. Food Agric. Environ., 12: 8-11. Guran RS., Vural A., Erkan M.E. (2014). The prevalence and molecular typing of Clostridium petfiingetxs in ground beef and sheep meats. J. Verbrauch. Lebensm., 9: 121-128. Jay J.M, Loessner M.J., Golden D.A. (2005). Editors. Modem Food Microbiology. Springer Science, New York, 7th ed., 790 pp. Junej a VK, Marks H


Enterobiasis is a human intestinal parasitic disease caused by human pinworm, Enterobius vermicularis. Despite being the most prevalent nematode infection in Europe and North America, predominantly among in school aged children, the data concerning infection rate and knowledge of genetic variability of pinworms are incomplete. The aim of the study was the estimation of prevalence and molecular typing of Enterobius vermicularis among healthy children in north-eastern Poland. In 2013 – 2015, 296 individuals (aged 2 – 18 years) from 12 kindergartens, schools and orphanages were examined by the adhesive cellophane tape method. Data on socio-demographic status were collected using a questionnaire. Molecular analysis was performed using the DNA of adult female pinworms and primers targeting the region of cytochrome oxidase I gene. The overall prevalence of enterobiasis was 10.1 %. Enterobius vermicularis infection rates were 3.9 % in children living in families and 32.8 % among the orphans (OR=0.08; 95 % CI: 0.04 – 0.19; p<0.001). There were no associations between distribution of enterobiasis and gender, pets possession and the season of examination. In 43.3 % of the infected children enterobiasis was asymptomatic. Based on a molecular marker three different haplotypes of pinworm were identified. All sequences clustered within type B, together with human E. vermicularis isolates from Denmark, Germany, Greece, and Japan. This paper provides complementary data on the occurrence and intraspecific variability of E. vermicularis in human population in Europe.

. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci ., 4(1): 312 – 315. DOI: 10.3906/vet-1606-2 U pjohn , M., C obb , C., M onger , J.,G eurden , T., C laerebout , E., F ox , M. (2010): Prevalence, molecular typing and risk factor analysis for Giardia duodenalis infections in dogs in a central London rescue shelter. Vet. Parasitol ., 172(3 – 4): 341 – 346. DOI: 10.1016/j. vetpar.2010.05.010 U spensky , A.V., P eshkov , R.A G orokhov , V.V., G orokhova , E.V. (2011): Toxocariasis in the current context. Med. Parasitol ., 2: 3 – 6 (In Russian) V erweij J., B rienen E. (2003): Entamoeba