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Olympism in the Context of Modernity

References Anderson, B. (1997). Wspólnoty wyobrażone/Imagined Communities/. Cracow: Znak. Bauman, Z. (1995). Wieloznaczność nowoczesności - nowoczesność wieloznaczności /The Ambiguity of Modernity - The Modernity of Ambiguity/. , Warsaw: PWN. Comte, A. (1973). Rozprawa o duchu filozofii pozytywnej /Dissertation on the Spirit of Positive Philosophy/. , Warsaw. Dahrendorf, R. (1990). The Modern Social Conflict. , Berkeley: The University of California

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Efficiency Play, Games, Competitions, Production – How to Analyze the Configurations of Sport?

Abstract

The comparative, differential phenomenology of play and games has a critical political point. A mainstream discourse identifies – more or less – sport with play and game and describes sport as just a modernized extension of play or as a universal phenomenon that has existed since the Stone Age or the ancient Greek Olympics. This may be problematical, as there was no sport before industrial modernity. Before 1800, people were involved in a richness of play and games, competitions, festivities, and dances, which to large extent have disappeared or were marginalized, suppressed, and replaced by sport. The established rhetoric of “ancient Greek sport”, “medieval tournament sport”, etc., can be questioned.

Configurational analysis as a procedure of differential phenomenology can help in analyzing sport as a specific modern game which produces objectified results through bodily movement. This analysis casts light not only on the phenomenon of sport itself, but also on the methodological and epistemological challenge of studying play, movement, and body culture.

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The Sport for All Ideal: A Tool for Enhancing Human Capabilities and Dignity

modernity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Sen, A. (2005). Human rights and capabilities. Journal of Human Development, 6(2), 151-166. Simon, R.L. (2007). Good competition and drug-enhanced performance. In W.J. Morgan (Ed.), Ethics in sport (2nd ed.; pp. 245-253). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Wachter, F. (2002). Education for peace in sport education. In M.A. Holowchak (Ed.), Philosophy of sport: Critical readings, crucial issues (pp. 446-453). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Wamsley, K.B. (2004). Laying

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Outline of Mimesis, Honor and Dignity in Modern Sport: A Commentary

Abstract

When reading the masterpiece about “The Agon Motif” by John W. Loy and W. Robert Morford (2019), I was struck by their recurrent reference to the pursuit of honor in agonal sport contests, as it has become common sense to replace honor with dignity in modernity. I take the German social-philosopher Axel Honneth (1995) as a prime example of spelling out the replacement of honor with dignity in what he names “the struggle for recognition”. In a historical perspective, however, it looks like, that dignity can be understood as a distribution of honor rather than as an oppositional concept of honor. Recognition should not only be conceptualized at the categorical level, but also understood in terms of ‘comparative recognition’, which sorts members of a group into an intra-group hierarchy based on their relative merits and, thereby, pave the way for self-esteem (Mark, 2014). Furthermore, Honneth (2008) develops his concept of recognition to a two-level one by including a primordial recognition in terms of mimesis based upon his former concept of basic self-confidence. It is a kind of elementary responsiveness, which always and necessarily contains an element of involuntary openness or devotedness in the bodily-affective sphere. Therefore, I suggest taking mimesis as the precondition of honor into account and understanding dignity as a distribution of honor in the institution of modern sport.

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An Album of Sports Photography as a Treatise on "The Philosophy Of Sports"

References Barthes, R. (1996). Światło obrazu. Uwagi o fotografii /The Light of the Image. Some remarks on Photography/ . transl. J. Trznadel, Warszawa, p. 47. Bauman, Z. (2006). Od ciężkiej do lekkiej nowoczesności; Kusząca lekkość bytu /From Heavy to Light Modernity; Enticing Lightness of Being/ . In Płynna nowoczesność /Fluid Modernity/ . Transl. T. Kunz, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, pp. 176-192. Gawiński, T. Materiały z Polskiego Portalu Olimpijskiego/Materials from the

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Developing a Holistic Understanding of Health and Health Behavior in People Undergoing Resocialization in Prison under the “Active Today, Different Tomorrow”

Abstract

The main purpose of detention in a modern, humanitarian prison system is to bring the prisoners to live in a free society in a manner consistent with applicable laws and morals. The indicators of modernity are also ways and means by which attempts are made to achieve this goal. In many European and non-European prisons, physical culture achievements are commonly used in working with prisoners. They organize programmed resocialization activities for prisoners with a substantial share of physical education and recreational free time activities. Sometimes, prisoners are offered the chance to take their own initiatives to encourage healthy lifestyles.

In addition to teaching, during which the prisoners participate in physical activity, they use interaction with sports authorities in the form of discussion meetings between prisoners and athletes.

Such meetings are also organized at the House of Detention in Inowrocław, which operates a half-open unit for the convicts. These meetings are the part of the activities of “Paragraph”, the Olympian club (based at the Inowrocław prison) subject to the Polish Olympic Committee.

The author participated in several such meetings as an invited guest or co-organizer and observed that they are primarily of a recollective character. But it was hard to find in them specific, praxeologically structured and conceptually implemented resocialization interactions. Teleological vagueness initiated the search for the real purpose of these meetings by means of observation. The meetings clearly appeared to have more of an ad hoc (referring to the conditions in prison) than a prospective character (undertaken with a view to the period after release). These findings were the inspiration for the development of the main objectives of a two-step strategy of a change in scenarios of the meetings between the convicts and athletes, the ultimate goal of which was to give them the characteristics of programmed rehabilitation. They defined the procedure for involving sportsmen to accomplish the objectives in the area of mental health and social development and made the selection and development of tools to measure the effects of these interactions.

The article is a report on research designed to determine differences in perception of health, as well as on conducting health activities among those inmates who participated in the program “Active today, different tomorrow” and those who did not participate in it. The study involved 67 penitentiary recidivists. Two questionnaires by Siegfried Juczyński were used: the List of Health Criteria and Health Behaviour Inventory. The results gave the possibility to formulate important methodological implications for practitioners who involve prominent sportsmen in resocialization. They also proved useful in efforts to create another resocialization program that uses sports activity in resocialization.

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Ars Vitae and Sport

Heideggerian analysis of skydiving. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37, 29-46. Ferrara, A. (1994). Authenticity and the Project of Modernity. European Journal of Philosophy, 2, 241-273. Ferrara, A. (1998). Reflective Authenticity: Rethinking the Project of Modernity. London and New York: Routledge. Fromm, E. (1964). The Heart of Man: Its Genius for Good and Evil. New York: Harper & Row. Heidegger, M. (1977). Sein und Zeit . Frankfurt am Main: V. Klostermann. Heidegger, M. (1962

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Sport and Ethics of Weak Thought: A New Manifesto for Sport Education

References D’Agostini, F. (2012). Introduction: The strong reasons for weak thought. In G. Vattimo, The responsibility of the philosopher (pp. 1-36). New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Isidori, E. (2010). Deconstructing sport: When philosophy and education meet in Derrida’s thought. Physical culture and sport. Studies and research, 48(1), 15-20. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-010-0002-4. Vattimo, G. (1985). The end of modernity: Nihilism and hermeneutics in postmodern cultures . Baltimore, MD: John

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Public Health in Different Political Systems of the State

.A. (2011). Podmiot, systemy, nowoczesność /Subject, Systems, Modernity/, Poznań: UAM. Patočka, J. (1998). Eseje heretyckie z historii filozofii /Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History/. Warszawa: Aletheia. Pawłucki, A. (2007). Osoba w pedagogice ciała /Person in pedagogy of the body value/. Olsztyn: OSW. Pawłucki, A. (2009). Bliżej pedagogiki zdrowia /Closer to health pedagogy/. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Zdrowotne, no. 2 and 3, 4-12. Straus, E.W., Straus, A. (2009). 100 największych osiągnięć medycyny

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Sport and Globalisation: Homogenization and Differentiation

References Andrieu, B. (2004). A nova Filosofia do corpo. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget. Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. University of Minnesota. Bromberger et alli (1995). Le Match de football: Ethnologie d'une passion partisane à Marseille, Naples et Turin. Paris: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. Chazaud, P. (2004). Management du tourisme et des loisirs sportifs de pleine nature. Lyon: PUS

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