Aleksandra Gliszczyńska-Grabias and Anna Śledzińska-Simon
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The idea of partial universal basic income surfaces at the eve of the medieval period and the dawn of modernity. The idea evolves until the middle of the 20 th century without being implemented in its pure form at a grand scale anywhere.
3 Adjusting the tax system to openness
The late 1960s and through to the early 1980s was a period of profound changes in Iceland and elsewhere. In Iceland, the lucrative herring fisheries collapsed, herring catches in 1969 only amount to 7% of catches before 1966 ( Hagstofa Íslands 2019a ,b). Lack
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-02-13-hardtnegrien. html (last visited Jan. 7, 2016). Killaly thinks the old mole is dead, frozen in the icy wastelands of modernity.
When Killaly in his iceberg model posits worldviews as the base, he adopts an idealist approach rather than a materialist one to understanding the world. Ideas come from, and reflect, a material base. As Marx wrote: “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness.” K ARL M ARX , Preface to a Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, available
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problems with employment services for disabled veterans to »personal qualities of the invalids, degenerating [»ausarten«] into the so-called pension psychosis«. N.d.: Bericht, p. 29. For Anthony Giddens, the doctor–patient relationship is one of the paradigmatic situations where personal interaction is able to refresh or undermine trust in abstract expert systems. Anthony Giddens: The Consequences of Modernity, Cambridge 1991 , p. 83–92. The positioning as experts claimed by medical and occupational professionals of the Landeskommissionen proved to be extremely
Deportations of Sojourners in Israel«, in: International Labor and Working-Class History 79 (2011), pp. 81–102. and the way in which migrants are blamed by the natives for abysmal circumstances foisted upon them by the state, David Bacon: Illegal People. How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants, Boston 2009. evidences the performative realism Uli Linke: »Contact Zones. Rethinking the Sensual Life of the State«, in: Anthropological Theory 6 (2006), pp. 205–225. of the state’s relationship with ›others‹. Jock Young: The Vertigo of Late Modernity
and the Social Sciences. Testing the Limits of Braudel’s Mediterranean, Kirksville, MO, 2002, pp. 191–204, at pp. 196–203. Modern law since the Age of Enlightenment, on the other hand, demonstrated abstinence from emotions and ›dethematized‹ them. Thus, as far as the historical development of modernity is concerned, i.e. the last 200 years, the basic statements of the current discussion can – with all due caution – also be made applicable.
The second objection concerns a fundamental methodological problem. Given that legal discussions always have a normative