-02-13-hardtnegrien. html (last visited Jan. 7, 2016). Killaly thinks the old mole is dead, frozen in the icy wastelands of modernity.
When Killaly in his iceberg model posits worldviews as the base, he adopts an idealist approach rather than a materialist one to understanding the world. Ideas come from, and reflect, a material base. As Marx wrote: “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness.” K ARL M ARX , Preface to a Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, available
This paper analyzes the representation of the femme fatale in Emilia Pardo Bazán’s La Quimera (1905). Femme fatale is described by many critics as an expression of masculine anxieties and fears, caused by political crisis and growth of feminine independence in the nineteenth century. Male authors employed this figure to preserve patriarchal structure and the existent power balance between prescribed gender roles. I argue that Pardo Bazán, through imitation of male writers and manipulation of hidden meanings in La Quimera, employs this masculinist projection to express latent feminist ideas and a critique of the contemporary social position of women. In her novel, Pardo Bazán creates a feminist femme fatale and, through her geopolitically split formation (France/Latin America/Spain), criticizes Spanish patriarchy, domesticity and non-modernity. She achieves this without overtly violating masculine narrative structure or demeaning patriarchal order, as she appropriates the originally masculinist imagery of fatal woman. Nevertheless, the eventual fate of Pardo Bazán’s femme fatale—especially the elaboration of internal dialogs and her presentation not as antagonist and invasive Other but as protagonist and subject—demonstrates fundamental differences of a feminist perspective within her elaboration of this masculine fantasy. In this way, in a time and space where feminism as a movement did not yet exist or was in its formative years, Pardo Bazán immensely contributed to the development of European/Spanish feminist thought.
Giddens, A. (1990). The consequences of modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
IMF. (2014). Albania. Retrieved March, 2014, from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2014/cr1479.pdf
INSTAT. (2016). Retrieved October 14, 2016, from http://www.instat.gov.al/en/themes/labourmarket/publications/books/2016/labour-force-survey,-q2-2016.aspx
ISSH. (2014). Retrieved 2014, from, http://www.issh.gov.al/al/
Robertson, R. (1992). Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. London, UK: SAGE Publications
Hossein Banifatemeh, Rob Shields, Fatemeh Golabi, Fardin Ghoreishi and Farhad Bayani
Archer, M., 1979. Social Origins of Educational Systems . London: Sage.
Archer, M., 1995. Realist Social Theory: the Morphogenetic Approach . Cambridge University Press.
Archer, M., 1996. Culture and Agency: The Place of Culture in Social Theory , Revised edition. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.
Archer, M., 2012. The Reflexive Imperative in Late Modernity . Cambridge; Cambridge University Press.
Archer, M., Bhaskar, R., Collier, A., Lawson, T. & Norrie, A., 1998. Critical Realism: Essential Readings , eds
). Complexity, Cognition and the City . Heidelberg: Springer
Prieto, E. (2012). Literature, Geography, and the Postmodern Poetics of Place . New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Reinhold, M. (2010). Utopia’s Ghost. Architecture and Postmodernism, again . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
Scott, A., Gilbert, A. & Gelan, A. (2007). The Urban-Rural Divide: Myth or Reality? . Scotland: Macaulay Institute Shirley, R. (2015). Rural modernity, everyday life and visual culture . Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.
Thorns, D. C. (2002). The transformation of cities
Zawiyah Mohd Zain, Zaheruddin Othman, Zalinah Ahmad, Mohd Fitri Abdul Rahman, Mohd Na’iem Ajis, Kamaruddin Ngah and Mohammad Agus Yusoff
Abdul Rashid Moten & Tunku Mohar Mokhtar. (2006). The 2004 general elections in Malaysia: a mandate to rule. Asian Survey, 46(2): 319-340.
Ahmad Rizal Mohd Yusof. (2008, August 5-7). Pendemokrasian Internet: pengaruh komuniti elektronik dalam pilihan raya Malaysia ke 12 (Internet democratization: the influence of electronic community in Malaysian 12th election) Proceeding of the 6th International Malaysian Studies Conference: Engaging Malaysian Modernity 50 Years and Beyond, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Ngo Trung Thanh, Philippe Lebailly and Nguyen Thi Dien
Home: Ancestor Veneration and the Nationalism of Doi Moi Vietnam. In P. Taylor (Ed.), Modernity and Re-enchantment: Religion in Post-revolutionary Vietnam (pp. pp 57-89). Singapore: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute.
Junge, V., Revilla Diez, J., & Schätzl, L. (2015). Determinants and Consequences of Internal Return Migration in Thailand and Vietnam. World Development, 71 , 94-106. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.11.007
Kauhanen, M., & Tervo, H. (2002). Who Moves to Depressed Regions? An Analysis of Migration Streams in Finland in the 1990s