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The work of mourning and organization of the mental space may be seriously disturbed by the real loss of the object and the way how communication with the “still alive” objects is built. Certain obstacles in communication with significant people make the mental separation difficult. The problem of separation, individuation and building of somebody’s own mental space is linked to the way in which the child mourns in relation to the central objects of early childhood. Especially the real loss of a parental object during the early childhood implies a traumatic moment which will excessively dramatize the oedipal issues. In this context, the analysis of the infantile material and development of an analytical work, which would perlaborate the trauma of the loss under a full oedipal conflict of one of the parents, as well as the subjectivation difficulties deriving from this trauma are the indispensable elements of a psychoanalytic work.
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The paper applies an interdisciplinary perspective to a fictional text showing that fractals as mathematical models are a powerful tool for conceptualizing life experience in biographical narratives. The multilevel construction of Chatterton by Peter Ackroyd is explored on the basis of fractal metaphor theory. This research focuses on the LIFE IS A STORY conceptual fractal metaphor which is built up on analogical mappings, mental space connections, and blends. The fractal model of metaphor in biographical narrative, which is assigned to the formula LIFE IS A STORY f (1) + f (2) + f (3) + … + f (n), contains the mental space of the intentional source domain story, which provides a way to structure the understanding of the limiting target domain of the concept life. Fractal metaphors aim at making the conceptual metaphor flexible and dynamic, renewing its ability of self-development and self-perfection, transforming itself into one of the means of changeable conceptualization of reality.
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: Editura Brumar. Fauconnier, Gilles. 1985. MentalSpaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press and London: Bradford. Fauconnier, Gilles and Mark Turner. 2002. The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books. Fauconnier, Gilles. 2007. MentalSpaces. In The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics , eds. Dirk Geeraerts and Hubert Cuyckens, 351–377. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fauconnier, Gilles and Mark Turner. Blending and Conceptual Integration. http
and metaphors: the case of Mein Kampf. In Manipulation and ideologies in the twentieth century: discourse, language, mind. de Saussure L. & Schulz, P. (eds.). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 15-43. Chilton, P. (2008). Reflections on blends and discourse. In Mentalspaces in discourse and interaction. Hougaard A. & Oakley, T. (eds.). Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 251-257. Chilton, P. (2014). Language, space and mind: the conceptual geometry of linguistic meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press