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Coping Strategies of Intellectually Gifted and Common Adolescents Attending Grammar School in the Context of the Personality Dimensions Structure

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the present research was to find out the frequency of use of particular coping strategies by intellectually gifted and common adolescents and to evaluate this frequency in the context of the personality structure.

Methods: The sample consisted of 253 pupils attending grammar schools in Bratislava from 14 to 18 years of age. According to own criteria, 85 of them were identified as exceptionally intellectually gifted. They included those who scored 120 and more at least in 2 from 3 subtests IST-R-2000 (Words, Numerical Scale, Cubes), or who had an average score at least 120 in the given subtests. The intellectually gifted children were compared with children with common intellect in the frequency of use of particular coping strategies (CSI copying questionnaire). Moreover, we investigated a relationship between these strategies and personality traits (NEO-FFI) separately in the group of gifted children and separately in the group of pupils with a common intellect.

Results: Gifted pupils use social isolation strategy significantly more often and, on the contrary, they use considerably less the social support strategy than pupils with normal intellect. A significant moderately strong correlation (>0.35) of neuroticism with problem solving (negative), escape into fantasy and self-criticism, furthermore, extraversion with social support and social isolation (negative), and finally, conscientiousness and problem solving was indicated in gifted children. As far as common pupils, such correlations have been demonstrated between neuroticism and escape into fantasy and self-criticism, and between conscientiousness and escape into fantasy (negative).

Limits: The selected criterion for intellectual talent can be set to a higher level in the future. The intellectual talent was evaluated only by 3 subtests of IST-R-2000.

Conclusion: Gifted pupils in stressful situations more often tend to withdraw in comparison to common pupils. The personality dimensions – neuroticism, extraversion and conscientiousness are in relationship with management strategies. On the basis of the results, it can be assumed that the personality structure of gifted pupils is more strongly associated with the frequency of use of coping strategies than in common pupils.

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Different bias mechanisms in recall and recognition of conceptual and perceptual information of an event

Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the memory and response bias for conceptual and perceptual information in the recall and recognition of an event. The participants watched a movie trailer video and their memory of verbal and visual actions and details was evaluated using specific recall questions or a true/false recognition task. The participants recalled and recognized actions better than details, and visual information better than verbal information. Memory biases affected recall and recognition differently. The participants showed a high tendency to accept false verbal actions consistent with the gist of the event as true in the recognition task, while in the recall task the participants were more likely to answer incorrectly questions involving visual perceptual details. These results reflect the different mechanisms which are involved in the processing and cognitive management of conceptual and perceptual information of an event.

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Mobbing and discrimination in companies. The importance of prevention

. (2006). Mobbing w polskich przedsiębiorstwach. [Mobbing in Polish companies]. Zarządzanie Zasobami Ludzkimi , 1, 46, 43-56. Hallberg, L. R. M., & Strandmark, M. K. (2006) Health consequences of workplace bullying: Experiences from the perspective of employees in the public service sector. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 1, 109-119. Harrington, S., Rayner, C., & Warren, S. (2012). Too hot to handle? Trust and human resource practitioners’ implementation of anti-bullying policy. Human Resource Management Journal , 22

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Young adults in corporations – psychological labour costs and their correlates based on some empirical research studies

Social Sciences and Humanities „Academica”. Gilad, C.; Goddard, T.G.; Casper, W.J. (2004). Examination of the Relationships among General and Work-Specific Self-Evaluations, Work-Related Control Beliefs, and Job Attitudes. Applied Psychology: An International Review , (53), 3, 349-370. Kopeć H, Kotzian Joanna (2009). Pros and cons of outplacement . In: Personnel and management , 6, 32-36. Lachowicz-Tabaczek, K. (2001). Work motivation and satisfaction versus efficiency of performance of professional tasks. Unpublished data Pierce, J

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Adapting The Survey Of Perceived Organizational Support

. Bradley, J.,& Cartwright, S. (2002). Social support, job stress, health and job satisfaction among nurses in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Stress Management, 9, 163 - 182. Casper, W.J., Martin, J.A., Buffardi, L.C., & Edwins, C. (2002). Work family conflict, perceived organizational support, and organizational commitment among employed mothers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 99 - 108. Czarnota-Bojarska, J. (2010). Dopasowanie człowiek - organizacja i tożsamość organizacyjna. [Person-Organization Fit and

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Development and Validation of the Influence Regulation and Deinfluentization Scale (DEI-beh)

References: Adamiec, M.& Kożusznik, B. (2000). Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi . Aktor, Kreator, Inspirator. [HR management. Actor, Creator, Inspirator] AKADE, Kraków. Bass, B.M. (2008). Handbook of leadership. Theory, research, & managerial applications . New York: Free Press. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1989). The NEO-PI/NEO-FFI manual supplement . Odessa, FL.: Psychological Assessment Resources Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional

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What Drives Shopping Mall Attractiveness?

of Retail & Distribution Management, 37 (7), 580-599. doi:10.1108/09590550910964611. Brzozowski, P. (1995). Skala Wartości Schelerowskich - SWS . Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego. Cai, Y., & Shannon, R. (2012a). Personal values and mall shopping behavior: The mediating role of attitude and intention among Chinese and Thai consumers. Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ), 20 (1), 37-47. doi:10.1016/j.ausmj.2011.10.013. Cai, Y., & Shannon, R. (2012b). Personal values and mall shopping behaviour: The

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Proactive coping as a kind of creative adaptation to a new workplace

References Albion, M., Fernie, K., & Burton, L. (2005). Individual differences in age and self-efficacy in the unemployed, Australian Journal of Psychology , 57, 11 – 19. Ashford, S. J., & Taylor, M. S. (1990). Adaptation to work transitions: An integrative approach , In G. R. Ferris & K. M. Rowland (Eds.). Research in personnel and human resource management. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1-39. Aspinwall, L., & Taylor, S. (1997). A stitch in time: Self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 417-436. Bańka, A

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The role of personal resources in the relationship between job stressors and emotional exhaustion

Management, 4, 235‒258. Demerouti, E., Bakker, A., B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W.B. (2001). The job demands-resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86 ,3, 499‒512. Derbis, R., Baka, Ł. (2011). Znaczenie wsparcia społecznego i zaangażowania w pracę dla związku stresorów w pracy i wypalenia zawodowego (The importance of social support and work engagement in the relationship between job stressors and job burnout). Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 17, 277 – 288. Eurofound (2012). Fifth European Working Conditions Survey . Luxembourg

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