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to policy-making have also been advocated as a way to close the seemingly growing gap between government and citizens and thus to alleviate normative problems commonly besetting Western democracies in the last decades. Collaborative governance has received considerable attention from public administration scholars and is the subject of a burgeoning body of academic literature in policy studies, public management and democratic theory. However, the rapid uptake of collaborative governance and related concepts, such as coordination, cooperation, joined-up governance
Nestor Shpak, Nazar Podolchak, Veronika Karkovska and Wlodzimierz Sroka
types of work and so on. The introduction of integrated data management information systems and development will reduce the need for workers at lower levels of the hierarchy in the medium term, and workers will be more involved under temporary contracts. The prevalence of permanent employment in the civil service reduces the flexibility of the civil service system and increases the costs of its maintenance. Therefore, it is important to analyze the gender and age components, wages, working hours, functional responsibilities, the peculiarities of career development and
. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 13(51), 20-37.Dener, C., & Min, S. Y. S. (2013). Financial Management Information Systems and Open Budget Data: Do Governments Report on Where the Money Goes? World Bank Publications. [online]. [cit.2017-10-29]. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/15897/81332.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y
Fasora, O. (2012) Fiskální iluze a její klasifikace. In Managing and Modelling of Financial Risks . Ostrava: VŠB-Technical University Ostrava. [online]. [cit.2019-3-3]. https
considerations have in fact been observed in a variety of studies ( Hudson, 1992 ).
Efforts to improve public health programmes have historically involved a number of strategies that have been extensively reviewed elsewhere. Most notable is the review of Pallasa et al. (2012) of 181 studies that identified seven broad strategic areas of change: standards and guidelines; organizational structure and governance; human resource knowledge and skill; process re-engineering and technology development; use of incentives; organizational culture; and leadership and management
Paola Hermosa del Vasto, Cristina del Campo, Elena Urquía-Grande and Susana Jorge
sector, as they are indications of the accountability level of the country in question, and apply it to the South American Central Governments. Our combined or global model facilitates stakeholders to observe, compare and analyse the information of SACGs to improve the accountability of management and access of information for citizens.
The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: first, a literature review about accountability and its implications is presented. Secondly, data and methodology are explained. Finally, main findings, discussion and conclusions