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Eating disorders, risk and management: a personal journey and a South African and African perspective

females in urban, “western” settings (Nweafuna, 1981; Buchan & Gregory, 1984 ; Famuyiwa 1988 ; Ilechukwu & Nhiwatiwa, 1988 ; Fahy, Robinson, Russell & Sheinman, 1988 ). The 1990s heralded change and is where the origins of this individual journey emanate. The content that provides “the story” represents selected publications related to my work in eating disorders covering a period of over 20 years (1995-2016). The nature of the publications is diverse. However, 2 clear dimensions emerge, risk and management. This started with the description of an emerging

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Anxiety In A Dental And Maxillofacial Surgery Consulting Room: Does Previous Experience Matter?

shown that people with prior clinical contact with dentists are more likely to have dental anxiety when compared with those with no such contact ( Akhigbe & Koleoso, 2014 , Eroglu et al., 2017 ). Previous pain experience in a dental procedure is a major predictor of anxiety among dental patients ( Fiset et al., 1989 , Vassend, 1996). Interestingly, in the field of dentistry, there are various methods that can be used in the management of pain and dental anxiety; some of these methods include psychological management, use of sedatives, anxiolytics, and general

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Impact of River Bank Erosion on Mental Health and Coping Capacity in Bangladesh

General Health Questionnaire Winndsor NFER Government of Bangladesh. (2010). National Plan for Disaster Management, 2010–2015. Final version. Disaster Management Bureau Disaster Management & Relief Division, Government of people’s Republic of Bangladesh. (Online Accessed on 22-0112018 Available from https://www.preventionweb.net/english/professional/policies/v.php?id=16676 Government of Bangladesh 2010 National Plan for Disaster Management, 2010–2015 Final version. Disaster Management Bureau Disaster Management & Relief Division, Government of people

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Positive impact of clinical pharmacist interventions on antipsychotic use in patients on excessive polypharmacy evidenced in a retrospective cohort study

;16:393–401. 20635830 Gören JL Beck SE Mills BJ Shtasel DL Dufresne RL Development and delivery of a quality improvement program to reduce antipsychotic polytherapy J Manag Care Pharm 2010 16 393 – 401 Hasan A, Falkai P, Wobrock T, Lieberman J, Glenthoj B, Gattaz WF, et al. World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) Task Force on Treatment Guidelines for Schizophrenia. Guidelines for Biological Treatment of Schizophrenia, part 1: update 2012 on the acute treatment of schizophrenia and the management of treatment resistance. World

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Association of severity of depressive symptoms with sleep quality, social support and stress among Pakistani medical and dental students: A cross-sectional study

preventive measures for combating depression. The positive impact of social support on mental wellbeing was also demonstrated in a recent successful student-led stress management program that involved an organized interaction between second year and first year medical students ( Redwood and Pollak, 2007 ). Our results revealed that only subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, daytime dysfunction and stress levels yielded a significant association with depression, thus, validating our hypothesis 1 (H 1 ). These findings are in coherence with a study by Moo-Estrella et

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Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of depression later in life. A cross sectional study in East Attica, Greece

). Available from: http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/definition/en/index1.html [Last accessed on 2019 May 01]. World Health Organization. Depression. WHO 2009 Available from http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/definition/en/index1.html [Last accessed on 2019 May 01] Yaka E, Keskinoglu P, Ucku R, Yener G. G, & Tunca Z. Prevalence and risk factors of depression among community dwelling elderly. Arch Geron Ger. 2014; 59(1): 150–154. 10.1016/j.archger.2014.03.014 Yaka E Keskinoglu P Ucku R Yener G. G

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The Vulnerability and Resiliency of Childhood

management skills could increase the adaptability as a whole. Supportive parenting figures, ideal mentoring to the children who are vulnerable with poor social capital foster the positive development as well as buffer the frightening experiences after exposing the stressors (Masten & Gewirtz, 2006). Parents play a demonstrative role in developing resiliency or vulnerability among children by acting as modifier in the developing period of life. Proper strategies targeting the modification of early life adversities should be prioritized as frontline, which can protect the

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Barriers and facilitators to conducting research by early career psychiatrists: a literature review

, Rosenberg, 2005 ). Clinician researchers should combine technical and management skills as well as the motivation to advance clinical work through research and vice versa ( Burke et al., 1986 ). Such researchers can also establish a new self-understanding as basic neuroscientists and reduce the stigma of psychiatric research (Chung, Pao, 2013). Results from a study with radiological trainees show that they enhance the involvement of trainees in research substantially ( Hillman et al., 1998 ). The inclusion and the length of participation in organised training programs

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Dinesh Bhugra: a personal history of Psychiatry

, often District Rehabilitation Officers would attend the discharge meetings to help find employment opportunities and placements for patients. Around about the same time, following Griffith report, management was introduced in the NHS. The result was that doctors withdrew into clinical work and often managers were of indeterminate quality, which affected the development of services. In the name of equality, services for doctors’ dining rooms were withdrawn, as these being seen as privileges. The loss of informal supervision and discussion of patients in a confidential

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Current challenges of suicide and future directions of management in Bangladesh: a systematic review

Abstract

Objectives

Bangladesh is a densely populated country in south-east Asia with paucity of research in suicide. This systematic review was aimed at critical appraising various aspects of suicide in Bangladesh based on available literature and systematic search.

Methods

Extensive literature search was conducted in Scopus, PubMed, PubMed Central, Google, Google Scholar and BanglaJOL with searching key words without any date boundary and without any basis of types of studies, that is, all types of studies were scrutinised. The author focused on sources of suicide data along with epidemiological variables of suicides in Bangladesh such as suicide rate, gender of victims, methods of suicides, risk factors and prevention activities and role of media in suicide.

Results

After exclusion of repetitions, screening was performed, and finally, 35 articles were selected for review. Amongst the 35 articles, 16 articles were original contributions, 2 systematic reviews, 6 narrative reviews, 2 scoping reviews, 3 editorials, 3 case reports and rest correspondence article. The review revealed that the actual rate of suicide in Bangladesh is yet to come out and quality data is a real challenge. Women are dying more than the men, and early adulthood is the most vulnerable time of life.

Discussion

Suicide is a under attended problem in Bangladesh, as the country yet to reveal the actual rate of suicide along with the challenge of quality data. Prevention activities have been started but yet to be visualised. Decriminalisation of suicide in the legal criteria and establishment of suicide surveillance can be the top priorities in the country.

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