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Study regarding the health coefficients for the citizens who practice free time sport activities for the increase of life quality

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a determinative study regarding the health profits obtained by the citizens of Caras-Severin County involved in the practice of leisure sport through the program sport for all offered. The aspect highlighted is that sport, for all, has beneficial effects on health being contained by all the components of life quality. The aim of the paper is to prove that issuing leisure time sports programs according to the needs of the client population increases the number of practitioners of sport and implicitly it contributes to the maintenance and improvement of the health state. In order to pursue health profits, the physical and psychic wellbeing of the participants in the sports programs, the observation method, the tests method and the method of recording the health coefficients on a protocol basis were used. The observation was achieved on a sample of 217 subjects which were initially tested, at the beginning of the programs and at the end of the research period. The conclusion was that the main component elements of life quality which can be ameliorated by free time sport activities are: health state; the biologic potential through the evaluation of the anthropometric, functional and physiological coefficients; motor skills; psycho-social relations and social integration. The health state, the biologic potential, motor skills, socialization can be considered dependent variables and through sports activities for all and through the implemented programs a strategic project of continuous development can be elaborated. Leisure sports activities ameliorate life quality of different categories of citizens and social groups.

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Gender differences on the grounds of practicing fitness

). Relationships between psychometric and utility – based approaches to the measurements of health-related quality of life , Quality of Life Research, 2, 477–487. 10. Tiggermann M., Williamson S. (2000). The Effect of Exercise on Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem as a Function of Gender and Age , Sex Roles, 42(1-2),119-127. 11. http://dexonline.ro/definitie/sedentarism/ , accessed on 15 th of February, 2018. 12. http://www.fitness.gov/digest_mar2000.htm , accessed on 4 th of February, 2018. 13. http://www.revistacalitateavietii.ro/2006/CV-1

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Contribution of aerobic step and Pilates exercises to life quality increase

Abstract

Physical activity practiced on a constant, regular basis contributes directly to the improvement of the structure and functions of different organs and body systems. It can also counteract the appearance of some anatomic and functional deterioration and contribute to the correction of certain deficiencies caused by improper conditions of life/work in people’s life. This study analyses two forms of physical exercise - Aerobic Step and Pilates. The goal of the study is to identify the effects of practicing Aerobic Step and Pilates exercises on the bodies of those who practice these forms of physical exercise. The hypothesis of the research is that practicing on constant/regular basis different types of aerobic exercises combined with efficient nutrition ensures optimum physical condition for everyday activities. The activity was carried out at the “Beauty Centre” aerobic hall from Timisoara, Romania. The study was carried out between February and May 2013 on a sample of 25 people subjected to anthropometric and functional measurements (size, weight, hip perimeter and body weight index, percentage of muscular tissue) both before (initial test - It) and after (final test - Ft) Aerobic Step and Pilates programmes. Results show the efficiency of these programmes as pointed out by the diminution of hip perimeter, by normal IMC, and by the increase of the active muscular tissues.

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Why Education for Sustainable Development Needs Early Childhood Education: The Case of Norway

Abstract

With this article, the author intends to outline a legitimising basis for implementing education for sustainable development (ESD) in early childhood education, in juridical, pedagogical and political terms. Starting from our current ecological crisis, the ontological assumptions of modern culture are considered obstructive to possibilities for mitigation. The author affirms a need for constructing new conceptual frameworks in the field of ESD suitable also for the youngest children. The very logic of the reigning notion of knowledge requires revision in order to secure successful implementation as well as fostering citizens with the moral agency required to meet calamity. Ontological insights from deep ecology are suggested integrated with the more practical epistemological concept of ecological habitus. Possible gains are not exclusively related to sustainability, but also include positive impacts on the life quality of young children as such.

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Quality of life assessment for patients with elbow arterio-venous fistula – a multicenter study

Abstract

End stage renal disease (ESRD) is a chronic medical condition that has become a public health problem. A vascular access is mandatory for patients with ESRD in order to receive hemodialysis. The elbow fistula is the most used procedure for creating the vascular access. Maintaining the fistula’s patency represents a constant struggle for these patients representing their lifeline. Our goal was to evaluate the impact that the elbow fistula has on the patient’s life quality (QoL). We performed a multicenter study in the 2nd surgical clinic, Timisoara Emergency County Hospital and the General Surgery department, “Carol Davila” Nephrology Clinical Hospital, Bucharest. We included only the patients that had their first vascular access procedure (elbow fistula) created in one of our centers. All patients completed the SF-36 questionnaire before surgery and at 6 months and 1 year after surgery. The SF-36 score has two major categories: the physical component summary (PCS) and the mental component summary (MCS). The results showed a decrease in the patients QoL after surgery (13.63% for the PCS and 6.87% for the MCS). Also elderly patients (>60 years age) had a decrease in the QoL of 19.11%PCS and 8.17%MCS compared to 10.20%PCS and 4.12%MCS for younger patients. Socio-economic status also has an impact on the patients QoL. Once the vascular access is created, patients must maintain their new lifeline through thorough self care actions and also by restricting their activities affecting the patient’s QoL. Further studies are required to help clarify the association between vascular access and the patient’s QoL.

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Relation of Health Condition and Quality of Life: Examination of the Quality of Life of the Disadvantaged Population in Nyíregyháza by the FT Quality of Life Index

Abstract

Improving the health of the population, stopping and changing the disadvantage trends have long been one of the health policy objectives in the regions. Unfortunately in spite of the declared goals Hungary is far away from giving priority to health issues as they are not given proper attention either on individual or societal level. In modern societies local communities play an increasingly important role in the development of quality of life. Their activity, their influence over the power structures become dominant. Quality of life is made up of objective and subjective components. Their important sub-areas are health, financial situation, income situations, housing and social relationship. Quality of life studies are the most frequent health-related research studies, the most remarkable results have been achieved here. Healthrelated quality of life is one of the most important and maybe the most frequently researched dimension of quality of life showing how much health status contributes to the welfare of the individuals. The primary objective of the research studies the improvement of the health status of the population and within it the health status of the individual as well as the reduction of health inequalities can be designated. The improvement of the quality of life can be rationalized as health benefit for the society. Its two main components are the extension of the life expectancy and the increase in numbers of the resulting years. The health of the Hungarian population is said to be unfavourable in international comparison and it can also be stated that it is significantly poorer than it could be expected according to the socio-economic development level

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Philosophical, Aesthetic, Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects

Abstract

Introduction: Computers and the applications of today’s high technology can simulate reality so realistically that virtuality has become part of both children’s and adults’ lifestyles (Nagy & Kölcsey, 2017; Szécsi, 2012). However, it did not emerge with the computer applications, but with human thinking and part of that, the virtual conception of the world. In addition to social changes this development can be observed on individuals as well.

Purpose: This study shows the development of virtuality through the examples of cultural, philosophical, aesthetic, then the psychological and pedagogical development of the individual with the help of some important studies.

Methods: This study presents the social and individual development of virtuality throughout theoretical analysis of the research results.

Conclusion: Virtuality has already an important role in the technological and economic sphere and its impact on social innovations, individual and social life can be felt as well. Virtuality-research, its application and improvement contribute to experience a more complete reality and to the improvement of human life quality.

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A Study of Conceptualisation of Quality of Life by Czech Fifth-Graders

. Lukášová, H. (2007). Kvalita života dětí - prekoncept studenta učitelství. In J. Mareš & J. Koukola, Psychologie zdraví a kvalita života. Brno: MSD. Lukášová-Kantorková, H. (2003). Učitelská profese v primárním vzdělávání a pedagogická příprava učitelů (teorie, výzkum, praxe). Ostrava: Pedagogická fakulta OU. Lukášová, H. (2006). Metamorfózy pojetí učitelské přípravy a jejich pedagogický výzkum. Pedagogika, 56(1), 5-18. Lukášová, H. (2009). Students’ preconception of children’s life quality. The New Educational Review, 17

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Econometric Modelling of Influence of Level of the Social and Economic Infrastructure On Quality of Life of the Population

References Aivazian S.A. (2012). Analysis of the Quality of Life and Living Standards. Moscow: Science. Aivazian S.A., Borodkin F.M. (2006). Social Indicators. Moscow: Unity-Dana. Bakumenko L.P. (2011). Statistical Aspects of the Research of the Population Life Quality. Yoshkar-Ola: MarSTU. Feng XiaoTian, Yi SongGuo. (2000). The Quality of Family Life in Urban Areas: The Indicators and the Structure. Sociological Studies. (4), 107-118. Ilchenko A. (2014). Integrated Estimation of

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The Effect of a Complex (3-week) Therapy on the Hip and Knee Joints in Obese Patients

Abstract

Currently, overweight and obesity are the most widespread problems in life-style having a significant impact on everyday life, and thus, conduct of life. Further contributory problems may develop in patients with weight problems: deformities of the joints and skeleton (coxarthrosis and gonarthrosis), circulatory problems and arrhythmia. Overweight definitely has an effect on motion: some people are not involved in certain activities as it is impossible for them because of their weight problem. Thus, even more health problems are generated because of the overweight. The first question arising in discussing the actuality of this issue is what effect the applied therapy (massage, therapeutic exercises, electrotherapy and balneotherapy) has on the knee and hip joints of patients with weight problems hospitalised in our Institute for a 3-week complex therapy. Based on my prior hypothesis, positive changes are detected in a minimum percentage in the condition of overweight or obese patients. My hypothesis was that the range of flexion and extension of the hip and knee joints would improve compared to other movements. Based on the results of the studied population (n=30), my hypothesis seems to be proven. After the 3-week complex therapy of obese patients, positive changes were found in the prearranged assessments and tests, thereby improving the general health, life-style, life quality and mental status of the patients. After the end of the complex therapy, patients were provided life-style counselling and exercise schemes to be performed in their home to maintain the achieved health status.

Open access