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Professional competences: Personality and Axiological Model (MOA) in verifying the sense of life quality

Abstract

It was assumed that the sense of the quality of life would reveal a significant relationship with personality-related and axiological dimensions among specialists (the Personality and Axiological Model MOA). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive correlation between independent personality-related variables for the sense of life quality (structure of personality: competence, relations, autonomy, adaptation and professional achievements). The determination coefficient was 0.47, that is, its variance was 47% of the variable sense of life quality being explained in the structural model MOA; by women 48%, by men 39%. In the discussion on the obtained results, emphasis should be put on the significance ascribed by specialists to the following dimensions: adaptation, competence and relations for the quality of life.

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Longitudinal research into purpose in life in outstanding Polish actors

Abstract

The aim of longitudinal research into personality and axiology is to detect what differences, similarities and changes have occurred in these areas over a period of time. The article examines the character of changes in purpose in life in two generations of Polish actors on the basis of the author’s Personality and Axiological Model (MOA). The longitudinal studies and analyses conducted confirmed the influence of variables related to competence, relationships and autonomy (MOA components) on purpose in life spheres (affirmation of life, self-acceptance, goal orientation, sense of freedom, outlook for the future, attitude to death, univariate model). The study produced interesting results in the character and level of similarities and differences between two different generations of actors, which gives insight into the development of a creative person.

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Relation of Health Condition and Quality of Life: Examination of the Quality of Life of the Disadvantaged Population in Nyíregyháza by the FT Quality of Life Index

Abstract

Improving the health of the population, stopping and changing the disadvantage trends have long been one of the health policy objectives in the regions. Unfortunately in spite of the declared goals Hungary is far away from giving priority to health issues as they are not given proper attention either on individual or societal level. In modern societies local communities play an increasingly important role in the development of quality of life. Their activity, their influence over the power structures become dominant. Quality of life is made up of objective and subjective components. Their important sub-areas are health, financial situation, income situations, housing and social relationship. Quality of life studies are the most frequent health-related research studies, the most remarkable results have been achieved here. Healthrelated quality of life is one of the most important and maybe the most frequently researched dimension of quality of life showing how much health status contributes to the welfare of the individuals. The primary objective of the research studies the improvement of the health status of the population and within it the health status of the individual as well as the reduction of health inequalities can be designated. The improvement of the quality of life can be rationalized as health benefit for the society. Its two main components are the extension of the life expectancy and the increase in numbers of the resulting years. The health of the Hungarian population is said to be unfavourable in international comparison and it can also be stated that it is significantly poorer than it could be expected according to the socio-economic development level

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Psycho-social determinants of sexual satisfaction in young, middle and late adulthood

References Acker, M., & Davis, M. (1992). Intimacy, passion and commitment in adult romantic relationships: A test of the triangular theory of love. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 21−50. Adams, C., & Turner, B.(1988). Reported change in preferred sexual activity over adult years. The Journal of Sex Research, 25(2), 289−303. Arrington, R., Cofrances, J., & Wu, A. (2004). Questionnaires to measure sexual quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 13, 1643−1658. Bancroft, J. (2009

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Correlation between the perceived residential environment quality and the inhabitants’ quality of life and civic behavior

Abstract

Although it has been assumed for many years that there is a relationship between the subjectively perceived quality of residential environment and quality of life, empirical evidence for the existence of such a link has been inconclusive. It is also assumed that the perception of residential environment in a certain way covariates with the behavior of people in this environment; Empirical support for this correlation is now all the more problematic. The objectives in the our research project were as follows: (1) enriching the current knowledge about those links between the perceived quality of various residential areas and their inhabitants’ experienced quality of life, and (2) examining the co-variables between the sense of satisfaction with the residence and declared pro-social and civic behavior. For the purpose of our study, we proposed an original theoretical framework integrating several available man-environment-behavior relationship concepts with the more general homeodynamic regulation concept for achieving psychological balance. Sixty-two people aged 18 to 85 took part in the research. Two groups were identified in the analysis: young adults and seniors. No significant correlation was found between the respondents’ perceived quality of life and their satisfaction with the quality of the environment they inhabited. It was almost exclusively seniors who undertook activities to benefit the residential area, and their life quality was correlated with this activity. Young adults turned out to be generally inactive. Correlations between pro-social and civic behavior and the residential area’s assessed quality proved to be weak and simple, but had different directions and dimensions in young adults and seniors.

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The Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire – psychometric properties

References Arrington, R., Cofrances, J., Wu, A. (2004). Questionnaires to measure sexual quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 13, 1643-1658. Basson, R., (2000) The female sexual response: A different model. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 26, 51-65. Basson, R., Brotto, L., Laan E., Redmond G., Utian, W. (2005). Assessment and Management of Women’s Sexual Dysfunctions: Problematic Desire and Arousal, Journal of Sex Medicine. 2, s. 291-300. Bancroft, J. (2009). Seksualność człowieka

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The Effect of a Complex (3-week) Therapy on the Hip and Knee Joints in Obese Patients

Abstract

Currently, overweight and obesity are the most widespread problems in life-style having a significant impact on everyday life, and thus, conduct of life. Further contributory problems may develop in patients with weight problems: deformities of the joints and skeleton (coxarthrosis and gonarthrosis), circulatory problems and arrhythmia. Overweight definitely has an effect on motion: some people are not involved in certain activities as it is impossible for them because of their weight problem. Thus, even more health problems are generated because of the overweight. The first question arising in discussing the actuality of this issue is what effect the applied therapy (massage, therapeutic exercises, electrotherapy and balneotherapy) has on the knee and hip joints of patients with weight problems hospitalised in our Institute for a 3-week complex therapy. Based on my prior hypothesis, positive changes are detected in a minimum percentage in the condition of overweight or obese patients. My hypothesis was that the range of flexion and extension of the hip and knee joints would improve compared to other movements. Based on the results of the studied population (n=30), my hypothesis seems to be proven. After the 3-week complex therapy of obese patients, positive changes were found in the prearranged assessments and tests, thereby improving the general health, life-style, life quality and mental status of the patients. After the end of the complex therapy, patients were provided life-style counselling and exercise schemes to be performed in their home to maintain the achieved health status.

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Development of Walking and Self-sufficiency Ability Related to Nutrition among People with Down Syndrome

Abstract

Development of the walking ability and self-care of patients with Down syndrome is affected by their body weight determining their lifestyle to a great extent. Objectives: The study aimed at the determination of body mass index for persons living in residential institutions and families, exploration its impact on walking and self-care as two, objective factors of life quality. Method: Data collection of persons aged 3-35 with Down syndrome living in families covered seven counties, while those of living in residential institutions covered thirteen counties in Hungary. In the 183 cases studied 76 people in residential institutions, 107 people lived in families. The cross-sectional study was processed by non-random sample selection. The questionnaires were filled out by health visitors and care takers edited by their own. Results: 50.6% of adults and 26.1% of children belonged to the overweight or obese category. Their residence showed a significant correlation with the body mass index (p< 0.001). Overweight and obese persons in families, while thin ones were more prevalent in institutions. Regarding the walking ability and self-care of the persons living in families a significantly higher level of development was achieved (p< 0.001). Walking ability (p = 0.001) and self-care (p = 0,008) were worsened by less body weight significantly, while overweight or obesity influenced it less negatively. Discussion: The claim is not further acceptable whereas persons with Down syndrome are more prone to obesity than average people. However unfavourable weight gain in adults draws attention to the necessity to a healthy diet and regular exercise. The people living in residential institutions with significantly lower body mass index and the associated low development of walking ability and self-care envisages an urgent reform of residential institutions. Life in the institutions negatively affects the walking ability and self-care, and thus significantly reduces the quality of life of persons with Down's syndrome.

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