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Study regarding the health coefficients for the citizens who practice free time sport activities for the increase of life quality

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a determinative study regarding the health profits obtained by the citizens of Caras-Severin County involved in the practice of leisure sport through the program sport for all offered. The aspect highlighted is that sport, for all, has beneficial effects on health being contained by all the components of life quality. The aim of the paper is to prove that issuing leisure time sports programs according to the needs of the client population increases the number of practitioners of sport and implicitly it contributes to the maintenance and improvement of the health state. In order to pursue health profits, the physical and psychic wellbeing of the participants in the sports programs, the observation method, the tests method and the method of recording the health coefficients on a protocol basis were used. The observation was achieved on a sample of 217 subjects which were initially tested, at the beginning of the programs and at the end of the research period. The conclusion was that the main component elements of life quality which can be ameliorated by free time sport activities are: health state; the biologic potential through the evaluation of the anthropometric, functional and physiological coefficients; motor skills; psycho-social relations and social integration. The health state, the biologic potential, motor skills, socialization can be considered dependent variables and through sports activities for all and through the implemented programs a strategic project of continuous development can be elaborated. Leisure sports activities ameliorate life quality of different categories of citizens and social groups.

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Gender differences on the grounds of practicing fitness

). Relationships between psychometric and utility – based approaches to the measurements of health-related quality of life , Quality of Life Research, 2, 477–487. 10. Tiggermann M., Williamson S. (2000). The Effect of Exercise on Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem as a Function of Gender and Age , Sex Roles, 42(1-2),119-127. 11. http://dexonline.ro/definitie/sedentarism/ , accessed on 15 th of February, 2018. 12. http://www.fitness.gov/digest_mar2000.htm , accessed on 4 th of February, 2018. 13. http://www.revistacalitateavietii.ro/2006/CV-1

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Professional competences: Personality and Axiological Model (MOA) in verifying the sense of life quality

Abstract

It was assumed that the sense of the quality of life would reveal a significant relationship with personality-related and axiological dimensions among specialists (the Personality and Axiological Model MOA). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive correlation between independent personality-related variables for the sense of life quality (structure of personality: competence, relations, autonomy, adaptation and professional achievements). The determination coefficient was 0.47, that is, its variance was 47% of the variable sense of life quality being explained in the structural model MOA; by women 48%, by men 39%. In the discussion on the obtained results, emphasis should be put on the significance ascribed by specialists to the following dimensions: adaptation, competence and relations for the quality of life.

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Contribution of aerobic step and Pilates exercises to life quality increase

Abstract

Physical activity practiced on a constant, regular basis contributes directly to the improvement of the structure and functions of different organs and body systems. It can also counteract the appearance of some anatomic and functional deterioration and contribute to the correction of certain deficiencies caused by improper conditions of life/work in people’s life. This study analyses two forms of physical exercise - Aerobic Step and Pilates. The goal of the study is to identify the effects of practicing Aerobic Step and Pilates exercises on the bodies of those who practice these forms of physical exercise. The hypothesis of the research is that practicing on constant/regular basis different types of aerobic exercises combined with efficient nutrition ensures optimum physical condition for everyday activities. The activity was carried out at the “Beauty Centre” aerobic hall from Timisoara, Romania. The study was carried out between February and May 2013 on a sample of 25 people subjected to anthropometric and functional measurements (size, weight, hip perimeter and body weight index, percentage of muscular tissue) both before (initial test - It) and after (final test - Ft) Aerobic Step and Pilates programmes. Results show the efficiency of these programmes as pointed out by the diminution of hip perimeter, by normal IMC, and by the increase of the active muscular tissues.

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Longitudinal research into purpose in life in outstanding Polish actors

Abstract

The aim of longitudinal research into personality and axiology is to detect what differences, similarities and changes have occurred in these areas over a period of time. The article examines the character of changes in purpose in life in two generations of Polish actors on the basis of the author’s Personality and Axiological Model (MOA). The longitudinal studies and analyses conducted confirmed the influence of variables related to competence, relationships and autonomy (MOA components) on purpose in life spheres (affirmation of life, self-acceptance, goal orientation, sense of freedom, outlook for the future, attitude to death, univariate model). The study produced interesting results in the character and level of similarities and differences between two different generations of actors, which gives insight into the development of a creative person.

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Relation of Health Condition and Quality of Life: Examination of the Quality of Life of the Disadvantaged Population in Nyíregyháza by the FT Quality of Life Index

Abstract

Improving the health of the population, stopping and changing the disadvantage trends have long been one of the health policy objectives in the regions. Unfortunately in spite of the declared goals Hungary is far away from giving priority to health issues as they are not given proper attention either on individual or societal level. In modern societies local communities play an increasingly important role in the development of quality of life. Their activity, their influence over the power structures become dominant. Quality of life is made up of objective and subjective components. Their important sub-areas are health, financial situation, income situations, housing and social relationship. Quality of life studies are the most frequent health-related research studies, the most remarkable results have been achieved here. Healthrelated quality of life is one of the most important and maybe the most frequently researched dimension of quality of life showing how much health status contributes to the welfare of the individuals. The primary objective of the research studies the improvement of the health status of the population and within it the health status of the individual as well as the reduction of health inequalities can be designated. The improvement of the quality of life can be rationalized as health benefit for the society. Its two main components are the extension of the life expectancy and the increase in numbers of the resulting years. The health of the Hungarian population is said to be unfavourable in international comparison and it can also be stated that it is significantly poorer than it could be expected according to the socio-economic development level

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Why Education for Sustainable Development Needs Early Childhood Education: The Case of Norway

Abstract

With this article, the author intends to outline a legitimising basis for implementing education for sustainable development (ESD) in early childhood education, in juridical, pedagogical and political terms. Starting from our current ecological crisis, the ontological assumptions of modern culture are considered obstructive to possibilities for mitigation. The author affirms a need for constructing new conceptual frameworks in the field of ESD suitable also for the youngest children. The very logic of the reigning notion of knowledge requires revision in order to secure successful implementation as well as fostering citizens with the moral agency required to meet calamity. Ontological insights from deep ecology are suggested integrated with the more practical epistemological concept of ecological habitus. Possible gains are not exclusively related to sustainability, but also include positive impacts on the life quality of young children as such.

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The Impact of a Parenting Guidance Programme for Mothers with an Ethnic Minority Background

Abstract

The current mixed-method study investigates the effects of a culturally adapted version of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) with 135 mothers - 29 ethnic Pakistani mothers residing in Norway attending Urdu-language groups and a comparison group of 105 Norwegian mothers attending Norwegian-language groups. All mothers completed questionnaires on parenting and psychosocial health before and after participating in the ICDP programme. In-depth interviews with a subgroup of 12 ethnic Pakistani mothers and 8 ethnic Norwegian mothers were analysed using thematic analysis. Before the ICDP programme, the Urdu-speaking mothers spent more time with the child, scored higher on distant child management and reported poorer mental health. Most changes over time were similar but significant for the Norwegian-speaking group only, which might imply that the minority mothers were in the process of change. In the interviews, the Urdu-speaking mothers’ emphasized enhanced communication and regulation as well as enhanced family relationships and life quality, whereas the Norwegian-speaking group told about increased consciousness and empowerment, and a more positive focus

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Quality of life assessment for patients with elbow arterio-venous fistula – a multicenter study

Abstract

End stage renal disease (ESRD) is a chronic medical condition that has become a public health problem. A vascular access is mandatory for patients with ESRD in order to receive hemodialysis. The elbow fistula is the most used procedure for creating the vascular access. Maintaining the fistula’s patency represents a constant struggle for these patients representing their lifeline. Our goal was to evaluate the impact that the elbow fistula has on the patient’s life quality (QoL). We performed a multicenter study in the 2nd surgical clinic, Timisoara Emergency County Hospital and the General Surgery department, “Carol Davila” Nephrology Clinical Hospital, Bucharest. We included only the patients that had their first vascular access procedure (elbow fistula) created in one of our centers. All patients completed the SF-36 questionnaire before surgery and at 6 months and 1 year after surgery. The SF-36 score has two major categories: the physical component summary (PCS) and the mental component summary (MCS). The results showed a decrease in the patients QoL after surgery (13.63% for the PCS and 6.87% for the MCS). Also elderly patients (>60 years age) had a decrease in the QoL of 19.11%PCS and 8.17%MCS compared to 10.20%PCS and 4.12%MCS for younger patients. Socio-economic status also has an impact on the patients QoL. Once the vascular access is created, patients must maintain their new lifeline through thorough self care actions and also by restricting their activities affecting the patient’s QoL. Further studies are required to help clarify the association between vascular access and the patient’s QoL.

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What is Europe Aiming at?

Abstract

The problems faced in the first decade of the 21st century by the integrating Europe are quite serious and require an effective action. The above is true for both economic, political and social issues. Economic dilemmas are best seen in the Economic and Monetary Union, competitiveness and economic growth. Their importance has been raised even higher by the now overwhelming global economic downturn. Political issues are invariably connected with the future vision of the European Union, and relate, among others, to the identity, security, stability and prominence of individual states. The formal empowerments of the EU remain debatable, especially when seen through the context of (non)ratification of the EU Constitution and the Lisbon Treaty. Social problems focus mainly on the demographic decline, illegal immigration, dissimilation, inequalities in life quality, etc. The EU has to be constantly guided by the demand that these difficulties are effectively surmounted.

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