Background and Aims. The intensive treatment in diabetes mellitus disturbs the common activities of the child, requiring a focus on the disease both from the part of the child and of the family, having an impact on the life quality. Therefore, the general assessment of the life quality of the child with diabetes mellitus becomes important.
Materials and Methods. The study comprised 153 children known with type 1 diabetes mellitus, recorded with the Centers of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases of Iasi and Suceava, aged between 8 – 18 years old, with a duration of diabetes mellitus of 1 – 10 years. For comparison, we employed a control group of 30 non-diabetic children. Each child and parent filled-in two questionnaires: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and Diabetes Family Conflict Scale.
Results. The direct analysis showed that child life quality decreases slightly in the case of a great number of insulin injections, but not significant. The multivariate analysis regarding PedsQL assessment score highlighted the fact that only the family conflict condition reported to diabetes mellitus of the child and the number of insulin administrations a day, influence in a significant manner their life quality.
Conclusions. Family involvement in the management of diabetes mellitus of the child represents a fertile field for conflict appearance in family and we propose the intensive and correct involvement of the family in the management of diabetes mellitus of the child in order to maintain a high level of child life quality.
Preliminary case study on the environmental quality and life quality in the Romanian rural rudimentary communities
In the present study, our intention is to reveal the positive and negative aspects of living, in the rural communities appearing in Romania in the last 5-6 decades; often, these have occupied territories with astonishing natural landscapes, situated close to large rural settlements with a century-old history. If, from the perspective of the quality of the natural components of the environment, inside the perimeter of these settlements we can talk about extremely favorable habitat conditions, from the perspective of the access to utilities and technical facilities, we can identify a primitive, rudimentary lifestyle, whose only goal is most oftenly, the access of the minimum resources for subsistence. This case study has been made on two communities, situated at the contact between the Subcarpathians of Arges and the Iezer-Papusa and Leaota Mountains, respectively: the Gura Pravat village, a formal settlement, which extends along the left bank of the Argesel river, north of Namaiesti tourist village and an informal village situated on the left bank of the Dambovita river, inside the Complexe Reserve Cheile de la Cetateni.
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Deepika Sharma, Jaspreet Kaur, Monika Rani, Arpit Bansal, Manoj Malik and Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan
Background and Aims: Diabetes Mellitus may affect the patient’s quality of life and sleep that lead to reduced satisfaction of life. Aim of study was to improve quality of life and sleep along with satisfaction of life by giving physical therapy (pilates based on mat exercise) intervention. Material and Methods: Study design: experimental study, same subject design (pre-post). Sample size: 30 individuals (13 males,17 females) with mean age 46.05±9.01, mean weight 70.48±12.11 and mean duration of diabetes mellitus 7.88±4.49. Intervention: Pilates based mat exercises were given in experimental group. Duration of treatment:30-40minutes.Number of session:5 sessions/week. Total duration: 4 weeks. Outcomes measures: Final Qolid Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Statistics: descriptive statistics used to measure mean± standard deviation and inferential statistics related t-test used to compare pre and post reading. Results: The results showed highly significant effect of exercise on quality of life and quality of sleep and significant result was found on satisfaction with life. Conclusion: Pilates based mat exercises shows positive effect on all parameters (quality of life, quality of sleep and satisfaction with life) of patients having type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Agnieszka Michalska-Żyła and Małgorzata Marks-Krzyszkowska
Quality of life is an issue taken into account increasingly more often as one of the main elements of the evaluation and in comparisons between countries, regions and communes (local governments). The aim of this article is to show the relationship between quality of life and quality of living in rural communities at varying levels of socio-economic development. The analysis of both aspects yields the opportunity to observe the relationship between objective resources of the local community as well as the level of their socio-economic condition and level of satisfaction of the inhabitants, the latter of which results from, inter alia, their ability to meet specific needs within the local environment. The presented analysis leads to several main conclusions. The first is that the rural residents who participated in the study were characterized by a relatively high satisfaction with their own lives. The main source of their life satisfaction was the family sphere. The greatest source of dissatisfaction was their financial situation. The second conclusion comes from the analysis of their subjective assessment of their quality of living in terms of the local commune. The examined residents overall positively assessed the conditions of living in their community. They were content, first and foremost, with the natural environment and security. The lowest level of satisfaction with living in the commune was associated with such aspects as technical infrastructure, transport links, activities of NGOs and political parties, and the lack of possibilities to exert influence on what is happening in the commune. However, it is difficult to specify general correlations that would clarify the relationship between quality of life and quality of living in rural communities. The regression analysis confirmed the weak link between these phenomena. The final conclusion confirms the thesis of the high heterogeneity and diversity of rural communes in Poland, even within a socially, culturally and economically coherent area of a voivodeship (province).
The conceptualization of quality of life in terms of geography is based on two assumptions. The first assumption is that the quality of life consists of two dimensions: subjective and objective. The subjective is known as ‘well-being’, while the objective is the proposed term ‘quality of place’. The second assumption is based on the recognition that quality of life is always a spatial dimension. The concept of quality of life is closely linked with the concept of a good life; geographers enriched this concept by using the term ‘good place’ as a place in which the conditions are created for a good life. The quality of life for individuals in terms of a good place overlaps with the quality of life in society, namely the societal quality of life. The geographical conceptualisation of quality of life is applied to settlements within the city of Liberec.
Current and future challenges, the efficiency of food systems resources, induced by the impact of biodiversity loss and degradation, in general and agro-forestry biodiversity, in special, are crucial and contribute concretely to ensuring human and animal welfare and health, with direct implications for quality of life. Social responsibility is the attribute of every member of the civil society and every member of the knowledge society, to protect the food resources that are so necessary for the evolution of the present and future generations. Responsible social approaches need to be incorporated into day-to-day decisions from all decision levels because they have a dynamic character with real involvement in practice. We have an obligation to preserve the ecological balance, and so fairly fragile, but from the desire to accumulate benefits in the short term, we endanger the productivity and efficiency of the food system. For people belonging to poor and vulnerable groups, local biodiversity ensures the functioning of ecosystems and the provision of goods and services that are so necessary to unfold a healthy life, representing a social safety net with direct implications in the process of sustainable development.
Quality of life research responds to the growth of urbanization in the world by increasing the focus on the quality of urban life; however, the dominant applied research tends to be without conceptualization of the quality of urban life. The aim of this paper is to answer the question whether the quality of urban life exists as an original, separate part of the concept of quality of life, or whether only the quality of life or the well-being of a certain city exists. The authors argue that the quality of urban life exists as an original category of quality of life and their beliefs are based on the fact that it can be measured separately. The quality of urban life is holistic, co-existing with the quality of life. The city from the point of view of quality of life research is a place, and the quality of urban life is the satisfaction with life in a city and the quality of place in it. This approach is applied to the quality of urban life and its measurement in the city of Liberec. The results are implications for policy-makers and urbanists.
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