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Exploring Journalism and Computer Science Student Collaboration
A Norwegian case study

Introduction The digitalization of journalism and convergence of media platforms has resulted in an increased overlap between technology and journalism. From a professional perspective, this means that technology developers have begun working as technology developer-journalists and computer science engineers have shown a growing interest in journalism (Lewis & Usher, 2014). Leading voices in the field of journalism have also pushed for journalists to embrace computer science (Lewis & Usher, 2016) and pointed out the profound implications of digitalization for

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Journalism and the political structure
The local media system in Norway

Introduction Media and political structures are intimately connected. In fact, media systems theory suggests that media models are rooted in the political and economic fabric of a society. Journalism, as such, is in a ‘close relationship to the political world’ ( Hallin & Mancini, 2004 : 13). While media systems theory assumes that this is the case at the level of the nation state, few attempts have been made to analyse this system connection within the nation state – such as the relationship between the local political decision-making level and local news

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Local Journalism when the Journalists Leave Town
Probing the news gap that hyperlocal media are supposed to fill

. Notwithstanding the closures, these towns are firmly anchored in the same domestic, linguistic and cultural contexts, and their citizens have the same information needs regarding polity and community matters. However, as news organisations move out, it will take more resources for journalists to cover these municipalities in situ . At the same time, new forms of (hyper)local journalism have emerged, raising hopes and questions about how they fit into a wider news ecology and what they can contribute to their communities. Thus, there are two simultaneous developments in local

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Disrupting journalism from scratch
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players

Introduction Despite the common idea that the internet is “killing” the media, the past decade has seen ongoing renewal in journalism, particularly online. In a 2012 article ( Christensen et al., 2012 ), David Skok, a journalist who was a Nieman Lab fellow, paired up with Harvard economist Clayton M. Christensen to encourage the media to “be the disruptor”. Together, they adapted Christensen’s original theory of disruptive innovation to the media, according to which businesses should regularly rethink their practice to match the evolving society and market

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The Difference Culture Makes
Comparing Swedish news and cultural journalism on the 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris

this event in different national contexts, but less well researched is that there may also be variations of meanings made of this event in different subfields of journalism. Most studies of media and terrorism focus on news journalism in the mainstream media or, more recently, the circulation of stories in social media. However, the rise of terrorist attacks on cultural targets like magazines, music or leisure venues prompts the question of whether cultural journalism as a “specialised subfield” ( Kristensen & Riegert, 2017a ) provides a different overall

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Unboxing news automation
Exploring imagined affordances of automation in news journalism

, 2015 ; Wu et al., 2018 ). News automation (NA), also known as automated journalism, converts structured data into text based on a set of rules. It is limited to specialized areas: the current systems are employed in well-understood domains, such as finance, sports and election reporting. Nonetheless, there is an interest in conceptualizing, developing and deploying automated journalism in news production. This article aims to capture a specific moment of technological emergence by analysing the way in which media representatives talk about the imagined affordances

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Emerging Forms of Hyperlocal Media
The case of Finland

journalism ( Borger et al., 2016 ; Waldman, 2011 ). Others refer to the role hyperlocal plays in building a sense of belonging and connection ( Hess & Waller, 2016 ). When it comes to hyperlocal news’s “ability to foster citizenship, democracy and local community cohesion” the evidence gives a mixed picture ( Williams et al., 2015 : 699). Radcliffe (2012: 9) defines hyperlocal media as “online news or content services pertaining to a town, village, single postcode or other small, geographically defined community”. Yet, a hyperlocal is admittedly characterised by more than

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Local Democracy and the Media
Can hyperlocals fill the gap?

public dialogue. Journalism is essential for the exercise of freedom of speech and opinion. Without independent and free media, the general public would not be able to receive impartial information in order to exercise their democratic rights, including choosing political representation and participating in the public sphere. Digital technologies and the internet have reduced the tough entry barrier and made it easier to produce and disseminate news. New agents can now access the public space independently and become alternatives to legacy media ( Hansen, 2015 ). In

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Local Media Ecologies
Social media taking the lead

national SOM surveys in 2015 and 2017 on media use and attitudes towards local media. The SOM survey has been conducted yearly since 1986 at the University of Gothenburg. It covers attitudes in current social and political issues and media use. It is a representative national survey with (in 2017) 10,812 answers in six different subsurveys. The response rate was in total 55 per cent in 2017 ( Andersson et al., 2018 ). This article also uses results from case studies of local media ecologies in five local communities. Journalism is only a part of these local media

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Logic of an Effectuating Hyperlocal
Entrepreneurial processes and passions of online news start-ups

local media landscape (e.g. Nielsen, 2015 ), and early hopes have been tied to them benefiting from a rising digital economy ( Jarvis, 2009 ). However, empirical studies in different countries indicate similar challenges, if not more, to those in traditional media, describing failing start-ups, self-exploiting practitioners and strong dependency on enthusiasts (e.g. Tenor, 2017; Kurpius et al., 2010 ; Metzgar et al., 2011 ; Naldi & Picard, 2012; van Kerkhoven & Bakker, 2014). Witschge and Deuze (2014 : 2) also found motivations of journalism start-ups to be

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