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Cognitive Theories and the Concept of Journalism

Abstract

The general aim of cognitivists - the attempt to compare logical and illogical, rational and irrational in the human behavior - can be considered as one of the main object not only in the psychology, but also in the journalism. If you don’t take into account assumed problems, the truth can be treated as a lie, an importance as an irrationality, an advantage as defects. In practice the ignorance of balancing, consonance and knowledge for the benefit of “must” turned round for tendentiousness, propaganda, manipulation, rationing of authoritarian and totalitarian models of journalism or for passing from journalistic standards in total. Therefore the article describes the spectrum of cognition in the context of modern Journalism and problems of Media practices, including the balance in journalism in terms of theories of consistency.

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The Role of Twitter in the First Week of Ferguson Unrests in August 2014

References BARTHEL M., SHEARER E., GOTTFRIED J., MITCHEL A., (2015), The Evolving Role of News on Twitter and Facebook, [online: February 3, 2018], www.journalism.org/2015/07/14/the-evolving-role-of-news-on-twitterand-facebook/ BONILLA Y., ROSA J. (2015), #Ferguson: Digital protest, hashtag ethnography, and the racial politics of social media in the United States”, American Ethnologist, vol. 42, issue 1, p. 4 - 17 BROOKS R., 2015, Hashtags Explained: The Complete Guide to Hashtags in Social Media, [online

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The World of Journalism – The World of Public Relations Assessment of Changes in Relations Between Journalists and PR Managers in Poland

Abstract

The paper presents a comparative look at the results of similar studies relating to the diagnosis of cooperation between the journalists and representatives of the PR industry in Poland. Comparable subjects, arising from the similarity of used research tools, as well as comparable attempts of the research on both environments provide good opportunities of drawing overlapping conclusions from the two research projects. Although standardization of the cooperation between journalists and PR professionals is very difficult and its description is limited by a number of variables and differentiating factors, comparing both studies makes it possible to draw conclusions about some changes or elements that have remained unchanged in relations PR managers - journalists in Poland over the last 11 years.

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Dialogical Foundation of the Publicist’S Communicative Ethics: Dialogical Levels of the “Communicative Pyramid”

Abstract

The author discusses important issues of the dialogical essence of thinking and internal dialogism in the moral and ethical journalism. Choosing everyone’ ability of monologic revelation as the starting point of her study, the author concludes that these revelations are a kind of reconsidering historical, personal and interpersonal shifts that lead to the desire to learn the truth, to harmonize the vision and understanding of a situation with someone else’s viewpoint. In search for the truth, both the publicist and the audience -together or separately - cross different levels of a dialogue as it is presented by the “communicative pyramid” as a model of dialogical communication and the formation of the personality.

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The Philosopher In The Newspaper: Serhiy Krymsky As A Public Intellectual

Abstract

Interactions of philosophical and journalistic spheres, mediatization of philosophy are main problems of this article. Author considers public philosophy of contemporary Ukrainian philosopher Serhiy Krymsky and determines a role of philosophical journalism in modern media discourse.

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Symbolist Publicism as an Outlook Model of the Silver Age

Abstract

In the article the methodological and applied criteria of symbolist publicism as an independent form of analytical journalism are defined. The subject of the research is the argumentative basis and semantic resources of public statements of philosophers and writers, i.e. the representatives of Russian symbolism. The relevance of the topic is due to the crisis of modern publicism, which becomes similar to a product and leads to mental and moral enslavement. The general purpose of the study is the legitimization of the term «symbolist publicism». Genre-stylistic peculiarities of symbolist text-making, as well the outlook landmarks of symbolic representatives of the Silver Age, were studied by E. Kassierer, M. Voskresenskaya, A. Mazurchuk, O. Matyushkin, O. Ponomarev, L. Kravets, and others.

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Pole and Ukrainian in the Service of Saving the Lemko Heritage by the Example of the Reinfuss and Tarnovych Journalistic Writings

Abstract

The paper introduces a biography of prominent scientific activists, journalists, ethnographers and writers Roman Reinfuss i Yulian Tarnovych. Intercessors Polish - Ukrainian affairs who expressed it through scientific activity. Similarities and differences in the biography and method of transferring the content are shown, and an amazing love for Lemko’s region this Polish and Ukrainian authors. The article presents the similarities into the method of transferring popular science content by two ethnic- different journalists – scientist inhabitant in the same Lemko region. The analysis of the content they published in magazines, newspapers and scientific papers was also carried out.

The purpose of the article is to compare the presented media content by two scientists - journalists from different social environments living in the same region, in the service of saving the Lemko’s hertiage by the example of ethnic journalism.

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Phenomenon of Fake News

. LEWANDOWSKI S., ECKER U. K. H., SEIFERT C. M., SCHWARZ N., COOK J., (2012) Misinformation and Its Correction: Continued Influence and Successful Debiasing, Sage journals, Volume 13, Issue 3, University of Michigan. Reuters Institute Digital News Report (2017) ALLCOTT H., GENTZKOW M., (2017) Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 31, Number 2, Spring 2017. TANDOC JR. E. C., LIM Z. W., LING R., (2018), Defining “Fske News”, A typology of scholarly definitions, Digital Journalism Journal, Volume 6, 2018

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Conceptual Interview: Peculiarities of the Genre and The Journalist’s Work Methods

References DAVYDCHAK, C. (2009). Christian methology of publicism. Visnyk of the Lviv University (Series Journalism), 35, 73-87. ZDOROVEHA, V. (2004). Theory and Methods of journalistic work. Lviv: PAIS. JPHN PAUL II. (2005). Perestupiti porіg nadii [Crossing the threshold of hope]. Lviv: Svichado. KAPUŚCIŃSKI, R. (2001). Autoportret reportera [Self-Portrait of a Reporter]. Kyiv: Tempora. KUNDERA, M. (1994). Comprehend the world as a question. Universe, 9, 134-137. NECHVOLOD, L. (2007). Suchasnij slovnik inshomovnikh

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Psychological and Linguistic Means of Forming “A Soviet Person” in the Journal Periodicals of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

. Language and stylistical peculiarities of the periodical press of Zaporizhzha in 1920s: the main ways of improvement literature norms and styles. [in:] Electronic library of Institute of Journalism in KNU. (n.d.), http://journlib.univ.kiev.ua/index.php?act=article&article=1052 (27.02.2016). KARA-MURZA S. Manipulation of consciousness. (n.d.), http://lib.meta.ua/book/13171 (14.09.2015). KOLISNYK Y. (2006) Disinfirmational Fuinction of USSR Press (International Aspect) /Yurij Kolisnyk // Herald of Lviv State University. Journalism. - Lviv

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