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The fatty acid profile and stable isotope ratios of C and N of muscle from cattle that grazed grass or grass/clover pastures before slaughter and their discriminatory potential

examined in this regard ( Monahan et al ., 2013 ; Moloney et al ., 2014 ). Beef from cattle finished on pasture or concentrates could be distinguished based on their fatty acid composition ( Alfaia et al ., 2009 ) or stable isotope ratios ( Osorio et al ., 2011 ). However, no studies have been reported on discriminating between beef from cattle finished on different pastures, even though grass-only versus grass/clover pasturing will likely receive different sustainability and environmental ratings from consumers in the future (Broom et al ., 2013). Accordingly, our

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Assessment of the Contamination Level of a Podzolized Chernozem with Nuclides in a Long-term Land Use

fertilizers. In Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 777 – 782. KASTE, J.M. – FRIEDLAND, A.J. – STÜRUP, S. 2003. Stable and Radioactive Isotopes To Trace Atmospherically Deposited Pb in Montane Forest Soils. In Environmental Studies, vol. 37, no. 16, pp. 3560 – 3567. DOI: 10.1021/es026372k KONDO, M. – MAKINO, T. – EGUCHI, T. – GOTO, A. – NAKANO, H. – TAKAI, T. – KIMURA, T. 2015. Comparative analysis of the relationship between Cs and K in soil and plant parts toward control of Cs

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The Horní Benešov ore deposit in the Devonian Šternberk-Horní Benešov Belt, Jeseníky Mts, Czech Republic. Part II: Fe-ore occurrences

-1025. Clayton R.N. & Mayeda T.K. (1963): The use of bromine pentafluoride in the extraction of oxygen from oxides and silicates for isotopic analysis. - Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 27: 43-52. Dobeš P. & Mixa P. (1993): A preliminary fluid inclusion study of the Pb-Zn deposit Horní Benešov, Czech Republic. - Final Meeting of IGCP Project No. 291, Metamorphic fluids and mineral deposits. Abstracts, pp. 17-18. Prague. Dvořák J., Friáková O., Kukal Z., Otava J. & Přichystal A. (1984): Závěrečná zpráva o komplexním výzkumu vrtu HB SV-3 (Horní Benešov

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Depth and Areal Distribution of Cs-137 in the Soil of a Small Water Catchment in the Sopron Mountains

measurements: A tool for soil erosion studies. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 64: 830-843. PORTO, P. - WALLING, D.E. - FERRO, V. (2001): Validating the use of caesium-137 measurements to estimate soil erosion rates in a small drainage basin in Calabria, Southern Italy. Journal of Hydrology 248: 93-108. WALLING, D.E. - QUINE, T.A. (1992) The use of caesium-137 measurements in soil erosion surveys.In: Erosion and Sediment Transport Monitoring Programmes in River Basins. IAHS Publication, no. 210: 143-152. ZHIYANSKI, M. - BECH, J

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Efficacy of audible sound waves in Inflicting Tissue Damage and Mortality in Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Larvae

some plant derivatives that protect grain against the pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus . 10 p. Journal of Insect Science 6:03, available online: Accessed April 17, 2006 SALAM A. K. A., ABDEL S. K. A. (1987): Radiosensitivity of eggs of the rice moth Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). Isotope and Radiation Research 19(2): 141-151. SCHOLLER M., FLINN, P.W. (2000): Parasitoids and predators. In: Alterantives to pesticides in stored product IPM. Subramanyam, B., Hagstrum, D.W. (Eds), Boston, Kluwer Academic

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Phenotyping of rice in salt stress environment using high-throughput infrared imaging

145, 187-194. BRUGNOLY, E.,LAUTERI,M., 1991: Effects of salinity on stomatal conductance, photosynthetic capacity, and carbon isotope discrimination of salt tolerant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and salt sensitive (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) C3 non-halophytes. Plant Physiology 95, 628-635. BURKE, E. J., BROWN, S. J., CHRISTIDIS, N., 2006: Modeling the recent evolution of global drought and projections for the twenty-first century with the Hadley Centre climate model. Journal of Hydrometeorology 7, 1113-1125. COLLINS, M

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Interactions with mycorrhizal fungi in two closely related hybridizing orchid species

-332. BIDARTONDO, M. I., BURGHARDT, B., GEBAUER, G., BRUNS, T. D., READ, D. J., 2004: Changing partners in the dark: Isotopic and molecular evidence of mycorrhizal liaisons between forest orchids and trees. Proceeding of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 271, 1799-1806. BIDARTONDO, M. I., READ, D. J., 2008: Fungal specificity bottlenecks during orchid germination and development. Molecular Ecology 17, 3707-3716. BONNARDEAUX,Y., BRUNDRETT, M., BATTY, A.,DIXON, K.,KOCH, J., SIVASITHAMPARAM, K., 2007: Diversity of mycorrhizal fungi of

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The interactive effects of various nitrogen fertiliser formulations applied to urine patches on nitrous oxide emissions in grassland

denitrification to the nitrous oxide flux using N-15 tracers Environmental Pollution 144 933 940 Monaghan, R.M. and Barraclough, D. 1993. Nitrous oxide and dinitrogen emissions from urine-affected soil under controlled conditions. Plant and Soil 151 : 127–138. 10.1007/BF00010793 Monaghan R.M. Barraclough D. 1993 Nitrous oxide and dinitrogen emissions from urine-affected soil under controlled conditions Plant and Soil 151 127 138 Mosier, A.R. 1989. Chamber and isotope techniques. In: “Exchange of Trace Gases between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the

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A rapid and multi-element method for the analysis of major nutrients in grass (Lolium perenne) using energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

the effect of sample thickness on the accuracy of results. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 62 : 501-508. 10.1016/j.apradiso.2004.04.020 Al-Merey R. Karajou J. Issa H. 2005 X-ray fluorescence analysis of geological samples: exploring the effect of sample thickness on the accuracy of results Applied Radiation and Isotopes 62 501 508 Altman, D.G. and Bland, J.M. 1983. Measurement in medicine: the analysis of method comparison studies. The Statistician 32 : 307-317. 10.2307/2987937 Altman D.G. Bland J.M. 1983 Measurement in medicine: the

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Vitamīnu satura izmaiņas pilngraudu rudzu maizes ražošanā / Changes in Vitamin Content during the Whole Grain Rye Bread Processing


Whole grain rye bread is a historically rich item in Latvian culture, and Latvians are rightly proud of the rye bread tradition they have cultivated. Much international research has shown that regular intake of rye bread positively influences the consumer health. Latvia has a long history of rye bread preparation, but lacks information about changes in vitamin content during the manufacturing process - from the beginning of baking till the end product - bread. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in vitamin content during the whole grain rye bread production process. The object of the research work: traditional Latvian whole grain rye bread, the dough of which is prepared with scald and natural yeast and then baked in a wood-fired clay oven. AOAC standard methods were used to determine the content of thiamine (B1 vitamin), riboflavin (B2 vitamin), niacin (B3 vitamin), and α-tocopherol (E vitamin). The content of vitamins was analyzed in whole grain rye flour, leavened rye flour dough, and rye bread baked for 30, 45, 60 and 75 minutes. Bread crust and crumb were analyzed separately. The content of B complex vitamers in whole grain rye flour and bread was determined using LC-MS combined with stable isotope dilution assay. The study showed that whole grain rye bread contains a wide range of B complex vitamins. During the whole grain rye bread processing it was observed that, compared to vitamin content in flour, thiamine content reduced by 36%, but content of riboflavin, niacin and α-tocopherol increased by 53%, 40% and 6% respectively.

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