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Iodine Deficiency in Latvia: Current Status and Need for National Recommendations

REFERENCES Anonymous (2007). ACOG Committee Opinion No. 381. Subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy. Obstetr. Gynecol. , 110 , 959–960. Anonymous (2008). Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination. A guide for programme managers. Third edition. World Health Organization, UNICEF, ICCIDD. Available from: (accessed 15 May 2016). Anonymous (2014). Sodium intake for adults and children. WHO. Available from: http

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Knowledge of the Importance of Iodine in Nutrition among Adults in Latvia

REFERENCES Anonymous (2008). Sustainable Elimination of Iodine Deficiency . UNICEF. 43 pp. Anonymous (EFSA) (2014). Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for iodine. EFSA J ., 12 (5), 3660. Charlton, K., Yeatman, H., Lucas, C., Axford, S., Gemming, L., Houweling, F., Goodfellow, A., Ma, G. (2012). Poor knowledge and practices related to iodine mutrition during pregnancy and lactation in Australian women: Preand post-iodine fortification. Nutrients , 4 , 1317–1327. Girma, M., Loha, E., Bogale, A., Teyikie, N., Abuye, C

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Milk as an Essential Source of Iodine in Latvian Population

REFERENCES Allen, L., de Benoist, B., Dary, O., Hurrell, R. (eds.). (2006). Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients. World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (WHO/FAO). 341 pp. Anonymous (2014). Sodium intake for adults and children. WHO. Available from: (accessed 2016 April 18). Bath, S. C., Walter, A., Taylor, A. (2014). Iodine deficiency in pregnant women living in the South East of the UK: The influence of diet

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Immunological Mechanisms of Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases: A Shift in The Traditional TH1/TH2 Paradigm

–17. Konrade, I., Kalere, I., Strele, I., Makrecka-Kuka, M., Jekabsone, A., Tetere, E., Veisa, V., Gavars, D., Rezeberga, D., Pīrāgs, V., Lejnieks, A., Dambrova, M. (2015). Iodine deficiency during pregnancy: A national cross-sectional survey in Latvia. Publ. Health Nutr., 18 (16), 2990–2997. Kristensen, B., Hegedüs, L., Lundy, S. K., Brimnes, M. K., Smith, T. J., Nielsen, C. H. (2015). Characterization of regulatory B cells in Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. PLoS one, 10 (5), e0127949. Latina, A., Gullo, D., Trimarchi, F., Benvenga, S. (2013

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