Relations between militaries and their host societies is one of the central themes in military sociology. The theme is timely because of the changes in European security policies implemented during this decade. The long process of demilitarisation after the Second World War meant gradual decline in military budgets and disappearance of several conscript armies in Europe. Coincidental growth of welfare regimes, civilian state and the deepening internationalisation weakened the role of the military as a legitimiser of the state. Due to societal and institutional
meaningful work and self-consideration, mobile)
Resistance against role convergence
During the late 20th century, both organizations were confronted with particular social pressures and three “wicked” problems at the macro-level (Campbell and Campbell 2010 : 15-16): the internationalization of organized drug crime; the proliferation of terrorist groups and a geopolitical fragmentation of formerly integrated societies. Those changes have thus rendered the distinctions between domestic and foreign policy less evident. These convergences between
sometimes inaccurately understood as a part of Germany’s Sonderweg or “singularity of destructiveness” ( Kramer 2008 ). The concept of military (or the broader strategic) culture too presumes significant national differences. Views of national differences are of course only enhanced by the fact that Western militaries are tightly incorporated within their respective states to the point of becoming just one of its many bureaucracies. Yet, the fact that nationalizing of military establishments has been followed by a parallel process of internationalization is best visible
In response to Hartmut Böhme’s programmatic sketch of future directions for the study of culture, this contribution wants to sensitize readers to the significance of culturally specific academic traditions, which continue to inform research on cultural phenomena. Because of the great disciplinary and institutional differences between Kulturwissenschaften (in Germany) and the respective traditions of ‚cultural studies‘ in Britain and the US, questions about the future of the study of culture can only meaningfully be posed in the context of the discipline’s internationalization. Since any kind of research is inevitably embedded within specific discursive contexts, exchanges and dialogues between the German and international research traditions of studying culture appear indispensable. Following the lead of Mieke Bal’s idea of ‚travelling concepts‘, there arises a need for scholars in the study of culture to engage with issues of translation and translatability.
Education: Recollections of the Arab College in Jerusalem, 1918-1948.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 23, no. 1 & 2: 190-204 Davis Rachelle 2003 “Commemorating Education: Recollections of the Arab College in Jerusalem, 1918-1948 ” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 23 1 & 2 190 204
Falb, Hilary. 2013. “Pedagogical Paradox Education and Internationalization in the Mandates of Palestine and Mesopotamia.” KUFA Review 2, no. 3: 53-71 Falb Hilary 2013 “Pedagogical Paradox Education and