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Introduction to the Special Issue on Military Sociology: Distinctions and dynamics between military and civilian spheres

Relations between militaries and their host societies is one of the central themes in military sociology. The theme is timely because of the changes in European security policies implemented during this decade. The long process of demilitarisation after the Second World War meant gradual decline in military budgets and disappearance of several conscript armies in Europe. Coincidental growth of welfare regimes, civilian state and the deepening internationalisation weakened the role of the military as a legitimiser of the state. Due to societal and institutional

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Boots on the streets: a “policization” of the armed forces as the new normal?

meaningful work and self-consideration, mobile) Assessment Resistance against role convergence During the late 20th century, both organizations were confronted with particular social pressures and three “wicked” problems at the macro-level (Campbell and Campbell 2010 : 15-16): the internationalization of organized drug crime; the proliferation of terrorist groups and a geopolitical fragmentation of formerly integrated societies. Those changes have thus rendered the distinctions between domestic and foreign policy less evident. These convergences between

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War as nothing but a duel: war as an institution and the construction of the Western military profession

sometimes inaccurately understood as a part of Germany’s Sonderweg or “singularity of destructiveness” ( Kramer 2008 ). The concept of military (or the broader strategic) culture too presumes significant national differences. Views of national differences are of course only enhanced by the fact that Western militaries are tightly incorporated within their respective states to the point of becoming just one of its many bureaucracies. Yet, the fact that nationalizing of military establishments has been followed by a parallel process of internationalization is best visible

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