’s average projection where an urban population rate of 66% was predicted in 2050 against 50% in 2008 ( United Nations 2015 : 204–214). In fact, urbanisation can equally meet its limits due to various factors.
Metropolisation: a new driving force behind urbanisation?
Starting in the 1990s, a new context of globalisation and internationalisation ( Dumont 2001 ) has strengthened a new urbanisation factor, called metropolisation. This phenomenon, known worldwide, is a characteristic feature of developed, industrial and emerging countries. It is closely linked with
. Finally, middle classes in developing countries are not only local beneficiaries of the global regime of open markets and internationalized production, but …. they enjoy “almost entirely positive and unproblematic connotations” among many development agencies and governments. Thus, the construction of infrastructure and the development of a regulatory framework that encourages urban renewal and investment in real estate can be interpreted as attempts to “reinforce the conditions for their further accumulation”…’ ( Schindler 2015 : 14).
In brief, governments in