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The development of innovation and entrepreneurship in the voivodeship of Kuyavia and Pomerania

References Analiza powiązań współpracy pomiędzy przedsiębiorcami, jednostkami B+R i instytucjami otoczenia biznes, Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki w Bydgoszczy [Analysis of relations of cooperation between entrepreneurs, R & D units and business environment institutions]. Begg D., Fisher S., Dornbush R., Makroekonomia, Warszawa 1997 [Macroeconomics] Drucker P.F.,Innowacje i przedsiębiorczość. Praktyka i zasady, PWE, Warszawa 1992 [Innovation and entrepreneurship. The practice and principles] European

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Tradition, Innovation, Re-enactment: Hans Talhoffer’s Unusual Weapons

Abstract

Multiple manuscripts of Hans Talhoffer’s fifteenth-century Fechtbuch depict duels between combatants wielding faceted clubs and tall shields, as well as combatants in tight-fitting grey clothing, and duels between a man and a woman. Legal ordinances and court records from Talhoffer’s time and before him provide context for these scenarios and this equipment. Customary law regarding judicial duels varied significantly between German regions. It also changed over time, shaped by influences that sometimes originated well outside German-speaking lands. Talhoffer’s work and the Fechtbücher that followed him reflect a practice that spanned multiple regions, preserving fading traditions while embracing new innovations.

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Regional exchange, long-distance trade, and local imitations: Liuwan cemetery in the context of the cultural transformation from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age (cca 2000 BC) in the Chinese Northwest

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that in the Qijia Culture Period (cca 2200–1500 BC), the Chinese Northwest participated in a broader network of contacts spanning from the Middle Yellow River Valley to Central Asia. However, opinions differ considerably as one regards the character of those contacts and their role in the genesis of the culture. On one hand, many Chinese scholars view the emergence of the Qijia Culture as a result of large migrations from the East; on the other, some western scholars suggest that a number of western human groups participated in its formation. In the present article we use the model of non-uniform institutional the complexity to explain the emergence of the Qijia Culture. We first point out its continuity with earlier Late Neolithic local cultures, and then focus on the spread of new artefacts and, as evidence suggests, of institutions from the East which led to the transformation of various aspects of the material culture within the broader region of the Chinese Northwest, while other elements – burial rites, for instance – preserved their regional diversity. We suggest that eastern innovations spread partly through channels established earlier within an exchange network of locally produced painted pottery and also in association with local area’s social development. These suggestions are supported by the case study which considers the process of development at the well-known site of Liuwan in the middle reaches of the Huang River Valley, Qinghai Province.

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Legal and Economic Aspects of the Financial Independence of Communes in Poland

-Pomorskim [ Innovation and entrepreneurship in Kuyavia and Pomerania ], „Studia z zakresu prawa, administracji i zarządzania” vol. 4, Bydgoszcz 2013. A. Strzelecki, Samodzielność jednostek pomocniczych samorządu terytorialnego [ Autonomy of support units of the territorial self-gov-ernment ], „Zarządzanie Publiczne” Zeszyty Naukowe Instytutu Spraw Publicznych Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 4(12)2010, Kraków 2011. A. Strzelecki, Zaangażowanie kapitału ludzkiego rad dzielnicowych i osiedlowych w zaspakajaniu potrzeb mieszkańców [ Local coun-cils in fulflling needs of communities

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The guild and the swordsman

, Brown and Co. Delbrück, H (Walter J Renfroe, translator), H, 1920. History of the Art of War, Volume III. 1st ed. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. Dollinger, P, 1970. The German Hansa, Vol 1.. 2nd Revised edition Edition. Palo Alto: Stanford Univ Pr. Eltis, D, 1989. Towns and Defense in Later Medieval Germany, Nottingham Medieval Studies v.33, Nottingham: Brepols Epstein, S.R. (et al), 2008. Guilds, Innovation and the European Economy. 2nd ed. UK: Cambridge University Press. Epstein, S. R

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The typological debates around Le Jeu de la Hache (BnF MS Français 1996) and their stakes for HEMA practice

’, Staps 101 (2014) 119–34. < http://doi.org/10.3917/sta.101.0119 > [accessed 31 May 2017]. Tuaillon Demésy, Audrey, La re-création du passé: enjeux identitaires et mémoriels. Approche socio-anthropologique de l’histoire vivante médiévale (Besançon: Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2013). Tuaillon Demésy, Audrey, ‘Pratiquer les AMHE aujourd’hui : entre reconstitution, expérimentation et innovation’, E-Phaïstos , IV (2015) Tzouriadis, Iason-Eleftherios, The Typology and Use of Staff Weapons in Western Europe c.1400 - c.1550 (unpublished PhD

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A Well Regulated Militia Political and Military Organisation in Pre-Napoleonic Switzerland (1550-1799)

ETH Zurich 2005 Sigg, Otto, ‘Das 17. Jahrhundert’, in: Geschichte des Kantons Zürich, Band II: Frühe Neuzeit / 16. bis 18. Jahrhundert, various editors, (Zürich: Werd, 1996), 282-363 Silvestrini, Gabriella, ‘Rousseau, Pufendorf and the eighteenth-century natural law tradition’, History of European Ideas, Vol. 36 (2010), 280-301 Sonderegger, Stefan, Das altappenzellische Wehrwesen im Lichte der Orts- und Flurnamen (Trogen: Meili, 1962) Studer Immenhauser, Barbara, Verwaltung zwischen Innovation und

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