Spatial metaphors have long been part of the way we make sense of media. From early conceptualizations of the internet, we have come to understand digital media as spaces that support, deny or are subject to different mobilities. With the availability of GPS data, somatic bodily movement has enjoyed significant attention in media geography, but recently innovations in digital ethnographic methods have paid attention to other, more ephemeral ways of moving and being with social media. In this article, we consider three case studies in qualitative, “small data” social media research methods: the walkthrough, the go-along and the scroll back methods. Each is centred on observing navigational flows through app infrastructures, fingers hovering across device surfaces and scrolling-and-remembering practices in social media archives. We advocate an ethnography of ephemeral media mobilities and suggest that small data approaches should analytically integrate four dimensions of mediated mobility: bodies and affect, media objects and environments, memory and narrative, and the overall research encounter.
Findahl, O., Lagerstedt, C. & Aurelius, A. (2014). Triangulation as a way to validate and deepen the knowledge about user behavior: A comparison between questionnaires, diaries and traffic measurements. In G. Patriarche, H. Bilandzic, J. Linaa Jensen & J. Jurisic (eds.), Audience research methodologies: Between innovation and consolidation (pp. 54-72). London: Routledge.
Fuchs, C. (2017). Social media: A critical introduction . London: Sage.
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Giglietto, F., Rossi, L
Marko Siitonen, Panu Uotila, Turo Uskali, Jukka Varsaluoma and Tanja Välisalo
more data journalism course by the mid-2010s ( Berrett & Phillips, 2016 ). Similar concerns have been raised in relation to statistical reasoning skills in journalism schools ( Martin, 2017 ). New kinds of collaboration, for example with information technology (IT) specialists and interaction designers, are already required at the higher education level (Angus & Doherty, 2015).
One avenue of innovation many news organisations have tried out is the use of ‘game-like strategies that aim to approach and engage with the public through social media and playful
business model and business model innovation through various resource components ( Amit & Zott, 2001 ; Chesbrough, 2003 ; Teece, 2010 ). Our starting point is to emphasise the importance of revenues and to allow for adaptation. Here a business model is “in the sense of being self-sustainable on the basis of the income it generates” ( Brousseau & Penard, 2007 : 82). Business models need to allow for elements of change ( Linder & Cantrell, 2000 ) and “how the firm receives and provides value to other entities in the value network and how the entities within the value
, T., Moland, A. M. & Morlandstø, L. (2014). Innovasjon og alliansebygging- historien om en ny lokalavis [Innovation and alliances – the history of a new local newpaper], In L. Morlandstø & A. Krumsvik, (eds), Innovasjon og verdiskaping i lokale medier [Innovation and value creation in local media] (pp. 171−192). Oslo: Cappelen Damm. Hansen T. Moland A. M. & Morlandstø L. 2014 Innovasjon og alliansebygging- historien om en ny lokalavis [Innovation and alliances – the history of a new local newpaper] Morlandstø L. & Krumsvik A
Entrepreneurial processes and passions of online news start-ups
hometown newspaper. This leads us to the passion of innovation. To explore opportunities and to invent and create something seem to be major sources of inspiration among entrepreneurs, as well as their prevalent definition of what signifies entrepreneurship. This is perhaps also what the hyperlocal entrepreneurs of the present study refer to when mentioning their passion for entrepreneurship as such: testing their own ideas, innovating technical solutions, starting new forms of collaborations, creating a label or a title and developing content can all be summed up as the
Elsebeth Frey, Ragnhild K. Olsen and G. Anthony Giannoumis
. That students with different training backgrounds respected one another’s skills is in line with previous findings by Hultén and Edwardsson (2017) and Kavanagh and Cokley (2011) . Some groups engaged in conversation about professional boundaries, gained new insights and were interested in further interdisciplinary work. This is a positive result that points to more opportunities for innovation and boundary negotiations in journalism.
The insights from this study provide guidance on the contingencies that may affect the process of working together in a technology
Jaana Hujanen, Katja Lehtisaari, Carl-Gustav Lindén and Mikko Grönlund
, content, and diversity: Preliminary results from a Finnish study. In P. Hovi-Wasastjerna, (ed.), Media culture (pp. 107−209). Helsinki: Academy of Finland. Picard R. G. 2003 Media economics, content, and diversity: Preliminary results from a Finnish study Hovi-Wasastjerna P. Media culture 107 209 Helsinki Academy of Finland
Picard, R. G. (2008). Media economics overview: Europe vs. world. MEDIACI Open Innovation Lab 1.01 Lecture, ISCTE − Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal. Picard R. G. 2008 Media economics overview: Europe vs
journalism”, “participatory journalism”, “citizen journalism”, “hyperlocal journalism” and “ultra-local journalism”, to name but a few, with the last four all being different types of community journalism – reporting about a local community.
The term “hyperlocal” was coined in 1991 by cable news pioneer John Hillis, to describe his innovation in the context of locally inserted news in a 24-hour news channel ( Pavlik, 2013 ).
New types of local media are often referred to as “hyperlocal”. Hyperlocal websites principally serve local residents and tend to be produced by
Probing the news gap that hyperlocal media are supposed to fill
Michael Karlsson and Erika Hellekant Rowe
late great International Herald Tribune and The New York Times Global media, space, time, print, and online coordination in a 24/7 networked world Journalism 16 1 119 133
van Kerkhoven, M. & Bakker, P. (2014). The hyperlocal in practice: Innovation, creativity and diversity. Digital Journalism 2(3): 296–309. 10.1080/21670811.2014.900236 van Kerkhoven M. & Bakker P. 2014 The hyperlocal in practice: Innovation, creativity and diversity Digital Journalism 2 3 296 309
Wilke, J., Heimprecht, C. & Cohen, A. (2012). The geography of