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Innovation Transfer during the Warring States Period: Considering the Importance of Early China’s Relationship with the Steppes

Abstract

This paper focuses on the contact between pre-imperial China and the peoples living on the steppes in her vicinity. For all the obscurity that had been shrouding the steppe inhabitants throughout centuries of historical scholarship, archaeological discoveries during the past century attest to their highly developed culture and economy and, what is more, make obvious that they had been entertaining close relations with the Chinese from as early as the second millennium BCE. Following a line of scholarship which has set out to redefine the role of the steppes in world history on the basis of this new data, this paper aims to demonstrate certain aspects of the important role they played in the history of China. Several very impactful innovations diffused to early China through interactions with the steppes, influencing Chinese history to a major degree. The paper specifically concentrates on a timeframe surrounding the Warring States Period (c. 500- 221 BCE), during which a couple of key innovations can be shown to have been adopted from the steppes. Furthermore, it illustrates the impact of these innovations on historical developments within China, thereby reinforcing the argument that the role of the steppes in Chinese history was one of tremendous importance.

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East Asian Technical Cooperation Initiatives in Central America: A Comparative Analysis of Japan and South Korea in Guatemala

, Soo Bong and Roknuzzamn Siddiky. 2017. “Does Development Aid Work? Improving Aid Effectiveness in International Development Cooperation Efforts.” Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology , 14 (2), pp. 120–142. UN (United Nations). 2014. “South-South Development Cooperation.” UN Background Note , pp. 1–4. UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 2014. “Transfer of Technology and Knowledge Sharing for Development: Science, Technology and Innovation Issues for Developing Countries.” UNCTAD Report , pp. 1–71. UNCTAD (United Nations

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The Kiwifruit Industry and Kiwifruit Production in Western Húnán

Abstract

This article is about kiwifruit production in the north-western part of Húnán province in central China. It provides an overview of the kiwifruit industry in China and traces the development of kiwifruit production in this specific region. It presents the results of a case study conducted at Jíshǒu University in Xiǎngxī Tǔjīa and Miáo Autonomous Prefecture. Situated in a poor and economically underdeveloped area, the university concentrates on local minorities and the development of the region. It has initiated many projects to help in lifting poverty, one of them being the Kiwifruit Project, which encourages local farmers to get actively involved in kiwifruit production and processing. The paper highlights the cooperation between the academic institution, an industrial partner and government agencies in this endeavour. It addresses the problems and challenges that the establishment of a kiwifruit industry in Xiǎngxī has faced over a run of more than two decades, shows solutions based on innovation as in the form of developing new breeds or the introduction of organic farming, and evaluates the socioeconomic as well as the ecological impact the project has had on the local society and environment.

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Knowledge Creation in New Ventures Based on the SECI Model: Similarities and Differences Between Japan, South Korea, and Austria

. “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation.” In Administrative Science Quarterly, special issue, Technology, 35/1, 1990, pp. 128-152 Davenport, Thomas H., and Laurence Prusak. Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know. Boston MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2000 Drexel, Nadja. “Wissensgenerierung in New Ventures basierend auf dem SECI-Modell: Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen Japan, Südkorea und Österreich.” M.A. thesis, University of Vienna, 2013, https://othes.univie.ac.at/, accessed March

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Tolerance and Human Resources in Science and Technology in East Asia

, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008.” Paris: OECD Publications, 2008a OECD. “OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy China.” Paris: OECD Publications, 2008b OECD. “OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009: Japan Highlights.” Paris: OECD Publications, 2009a OECD. “OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy Korea.” Paris: OECD Publications, 2009b Park, Chung-a. “Foreign population in Seoul continue to dwindle.” The Korea Times , May 25, 2010 Park, Myungsoo. “Policy Approach for Enhancing the International Mobility of Researchers: The Korean Case

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Privatisation in East Asia: Comparison of Causes, Processes and Results

Reform in Korea.” Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University, http://csis.org/files/media/csis/events/080716_junki.pdf, accessed October 2011 Kim, S.W. “The Impact of the Korean Government’s Privatization of Korea Telecom (KT) on the Korean Telecommunications Industry: KT’s Financial and Operating Performance.” In International Journal on Media Management, 11/3-4, 2009, pp.115-123 Kim, Kwanbo, and Pan S. Kim. “Restructuring, Management Innovation, and Privatization of State-Owned Enterprises in South Korea.” In

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The Relation between Economic Development and International Trade: A Comparative Analysis of East Asian and Southeast Asian Economies

von Japan: Staat und Wirtschaft in der industriellen Modernisierung Ostasiens.” In Ostasien im 20. Jahrhundert: Geschichte und Gesellschaft, edited by Sepp Linhart and Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik. Wien: Promedia, 2007 Markusen, James R., James R. Melvin, William H. Kaempfer, and Keith E. Maskus. International Trade: Theory and Evidence. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995 Münt, Gunnar. Dynamik von Innovation und Außenhandel: Entwicklung technologischer und wirtschaftlicher Spezialisierungsmuster. Heidelberg: Physica, 1996

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AHP Analysis of Cross-Cultural Friction and Synergy in Korean Subsidiaries of Austrian Companies

Modelling Practice and Theory, 77, pp. 108-123. Bhushan, Navneet and Kanwal Rai. 2004. Strategic Decision Making: Applying the Analytical Hierarchy Process. London and Berlin: Springer Verlag. Bloomberg. 2015. “The Bloomberg Innovation Index.” Online: https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-innovative-countries/ (accessed: February 22, 2017). Business Performance Management. 2017. AHP Excel Template with Multiple Inputs. Online: http://bpmsg.com/new-ahp-excel-template-with-multiple-inputs/ (assessed: August 10, 2017

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The Theory and Empirics of Financial Development in the East Asian Bond Markets

and Financial Cooperation in Asia.” In Investment Management and Financial Innovations, 3, 2006, pp. 23-34 Johansson, Anders C. “Interdependencies among Asian Bond Markets.” In Journal of Asian Economics, 19/19, 2008, pp. 101-116 Kaufmann, Daniel, Aart Kraay, and Massimo Mastruzzi. “The Worldwide Governance Indicators: A Summary of Methodology, Data and Analytical Issues.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430, 2010; 2011 Update of Indicators. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/pdf/wgidataset.xlsx accessed June 2012

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Climate Change Policy in Chinese Online Media Discourse: The Case of the Debate on the Copenhagen Climate Summit 2009

会议次日 [29 September - The Next Day of Bangkok Climate Talks]. 16 November 2009, http://climatetracker.blog.sohu.com/136918541.html, accessed July 2014 Conrad, Björn. “China in Copenhagen: Reconciling the ‘Beijing Climate Revolution’ and the ‘Copenhagen Climate Obstinacy’.” In The China Quarterly, 210, 2012, pp. 435-455 Dong, Liang, Fumei Gu, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Yoshitsugu Hayashi, and Jie Gao. “Uncovering Opportunity of Low-carbon City Promotion with Industrial System Innovation: Case Study on Industrial Symbiosis Projects in China.” In

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